A document written by Martin Luther detailing what he believed to be the problems in the medieval Catholic Church.
An infectious disease transmitted by fleas characterized by fever, chills, and the formation of swellings. Also known as the Black Plague or Black Death.
Theologian and church reformer who developed a form of Protestantism during the Reformation. His church is known for the idea of predestination, which states certain people are predestined for heaven.
An independent state consisting of a city and its surrounding lands.
German inventor of the printing press.
King of England who transformed his country into a Protestant nation during the Reformation.
A philosophical movement during the Renaissance that stressed life on Earth and human potential and achievement. It rejected living only for the afterlife of Christianity.
An Italian painter, sculptor, engineer, and inventor. Famous works include paintings the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper. Considered to be the original “Renaissance Man”.
German theologian and religious reformer who started the Reformation with the protest of church corruption, mainly the sale of indulgences.
An Italian sculptor, painter, poet, engineer, and architect. Famous works include the mural on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and the sculpture of David.
Someone who provides support to a specific cause and/or person.
A member of Christian religious sect which formed during the Reformation; Christian, but not Roman Catholic.
A rebirth of cultural and intellectual pursuits and features major cultural and artistic changes.
A movement for religious reform against the perceived wrong doings by the Catholic Church.
Pertaining to or characteristic of Ancient Greek and Roman culture.