The World Book Encyclopedia defines gangs as an informally organized
group of people. It usually applies to a group of men or boys who do acts
that are illegal or on the borderlines of being against the law. Although
gangs may do things that are illegal and disrupt the public I think they do
more than that. Gangs rip apart families, destroy friendships, vandalize
the community, and kill people. Even though gangs do these evil accounts it
cannot be stopped, and will not stop.
The biggest problem that starts kids to have motives to be in a gang
is discipline. Most of the kids that are in gangs are not disciplined
enough so many of them think that they can get away with it easily. Is this
true? Of course not. Statistics say that between forty and sixty percent of
violent crimes and drug activity are responsible from gangs. Also in 1999
there has been eight hundred forty one gang related fatalities reported.
These facts show that the kids that are in gangs do not have the discipline
to care at all about their surroundings and just think of themselves.
Another big problem that does cause these crimes are financing which
has been related to the younger group of families than the older families.
The younger group may have more financing issues but not by much. Twenty
percent of the younger families vote that they do have problems because of
this, while eighteen percent of those fifty and older said yes. This also
has to do with the economic downturn also. During the 1990’s while the
economy has been booming the rate of all kinds of crime has been going down
says David Curry, a professor at the University of Missouri at St. Louis.
He also states that, “The relationship between economics and crime is a
very solid one.” Former Pulaski County Coroner Steve Nawojczyk and is a
nationally known gang expert, agrees that, “when you have a downturn in the
economy, crime goes up” and that drugs are more prevalent in a poor
economy. Steve’s most main concern is that if the economy dropping would
cause community programs to lose funding and eventually disappear from the
community. Which would further cause even more gang problems. Steve says
that, “I believes a gang’s ability to recruit members is mainly due to
poverty, calling those most eligible for gang life members of the “5H
Club,” teen-agers who are hungry, hopeless, homeless, hugless and
helpless.” Richard McCorkle, author of Panic: The Social Construction of
the Street Gang Problem, states that this will not only affect gangs, but a
more bigger problem.
It would affect groups of men who don’t have money or
hope and cause them to start doing crimes to get money.
The next thing that would cause gangs to continue and never be fully
gone is the rivalry between gangs. Being that most of these gangs are in
close distances of each other conflicts are most likely to happen. This
would result in killing and lead to even more killing just over little
things such as drugs and claiming land. These gangs keep trying the
impossible going into extreme measures just to win even a gang war.
These extreme activities that these gangs do also effect our economy
in a sense that these gangs are making police departments use their budget
to fight gang related crimes and other illegal events.
Department is already ten million dollars over budget just to step up
police enforcement efforts to reduce murder rates. These enforcements are
set to target certain areas in Oakland known as hot spots, which are areas
that have the most crime and drug activity. As of March 21st there has been
already twenty deaths in Oakland just in 2004. In 2003 there has been 114
people killed and in 2003 113 people have been killed. This has made
Oakland one of the highest places to have murder rates in the nation. Even
though Oakland has gone over the budget, affecting the economy, they have
to do so to keep gangs and other criminal activities under control because
they do not have any other choice.
Another cause for the rise in violence is many people that were in
jail are doing illegal activities again. In Rockford, one of the causes of
their recent rise in violence, which has claimed 19 lives this year, is due
to “a lot of people that had gone to the penitentiary and are .