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Renaissance ART TEST 2

Adoration of the Child
Adoration of the Child
1480, Bosch
-Shepherds in the background
-Mary and child are similarly presented as the Portinari Altarpiece
-The back corners have similar depictions or angels and shepherds as seen in Portinari Altarpiece
-Some of Bosch’s works are thematically similar to other Netherlandish pieces
Crucifixion
Crucifixion
1480, Bosch
-Figures are thin, faces are more simplified
-Golgatha (Bones underneath cross)
-Use of color is simplified
-Bosch stays away from elaborate patterns and drapery
-St. Peter depicted, not usually there
Carrying the Cross
Carrying the Cross
1480, Bosch
-Narrative scene
-People are given faces to characterize evil
Carrying the Cross (newer version)
Carrying the Cross (newer version)
1515, Bosch
-Strange faces
-Innocence of Christ depicted
-Veronica is shown as a sweet character holding the cloth that wipes Christ’s face
Seven Deadly Sins
Seven Deadly Sins
Bosch, 1480
-Thought to be a table cloth due to the position
-A large eyeball, “Beware, beware the lord sees”
-Pride of the artist is depicted, Bosch denotes artist like Jan van Eyck who have pride.
-4 last things are depicted outside the eyeball
-Death, Judgement, Heaven and Hell
-Superbia (Shows pride, woman is looking into the mirror. Has elements from the Arnolfini portraits, oranges, reflection, the woman’s headdress.
The Cure of Folly
The Cure of Folly
Bosch, 1485
-An operation to remove rock from head
-The real pain is his wife cheating on him. Cuckold
-Image of foolishness
Ship of fools
Ship of fools
Bosch, 1490
-Part of a triptych
– An allegory by the humanist Sebastian Brant, published in Basel in 1494
Death of the Miser
Death of the Miser
Bosch, 1490
-Reminder to people to stay strong and go against temptations
-Angels urge the man to see Christ but the devil’s control his material fascination
-Shows what NOT to do to have a good death
Exterior of Adoration of the Magi
Exterior of Adoration of the Magi
Bosch, 1510
-Grisaille
-Set up as if the Altarpiece is within an altarpiece (inception?)
-Complicating and though provoking
-Patron is in full color
-Gregory the Great kneeling
Adoration of the Magi
Adoration of the Magi
Bosch 1510
-Magi has symbols of the passion, crown of thrones around his neck
-Separation of sacred figure from chaos surrounding them. (This is traditional of Bosch)
-People peering from the inside are not Magi, but instead of onlookers of the scene
Triptych of St. Anthony Exterior
Triptych of St. Anthony Exterior
Bosch, 1505
-Made of Grisaille
-Shows part of the Passion
-Stories being told parallel what’s going on inside interior
Triptych of St. Anthony
Triptych of St. Anthony
Bosch, 1505
-St. Anthony is tormented by demons
– He is a hermit saint
-Priests and nuns are shown negatively, there is an animalization of them
Haywain (exterior)
Haywain (exterior)
Bosch, 1500
-Scenes of life being lived
-This is what is going on , on earth. Not always good and eventually leads to death
-Not necessarily last judgement
-Death comes to everyone, the man is following the road where temptation is abundant
Haywain (interior)
Haywain (interior)
Bosch, 1500
-Similar narrative to the Garden of Earth Delights
-Angels are being cast out of heaven also depicts Adam and Even being cast out of Paradise
-Hay contains multitudes of people depicting sins of the people
-Demons cart the hay away to the next panel containing hell
Last Judgement
Last Judgement
Bosch, 1480
-St. Bavo on exterior giving alms to the poor
– The inside depicts the suffering and damnation of humans during the last judgement
-The left panel depicts adam and eve from creation to being cast out of paradise similar to lucifer being cast out of heaven
-The picture shows greed and gluttony and other carnal sins
-The final panel shows fall of punishment, Lucifer is shown judging the sinners himself, toads are a symbol of torture.
Garden of Earthly Delights
Garden of Earthly Delights
Bosch, 1500
-Birds are signs of sexual activity, phallic
-You see birds in the water while fish are seen flying or on land going against their kind
-Emphasis on fruit and flowers comparing to indulgent consumption
St. Dorothy
St. Dorothy
1420
-Woodcuts were cheap and many didn’t last
-This piece was placed in a book and kept safe
St. Christopher
St. Christopher
1423
-More angular, different styles per regions
-Annoymous prints
-1000 prints per woodblock before they wear
Biblia Pauperum
Biblia Pauperum
1460
-Block book, single woodcut block
-Poor man’s bible
-Letters individually carved
-A way of lining up stories from old testament to new testament to show connection between old and new
-Mary undo’s what Eve did in the garden
-Prophets at bottom
Nuremburg Chronicle
Nuremburg Chronicle
1493 Wolgemut (main designer)/ Schedel (author of text)
-History of the world
-Stars with creation, creation is upside down through the eyes of god
-Ends with the last judgement
Man of Sorrows
Man of Sorrows
Master of Playing Cards, 1450
-Shows the mocking of Christ
-Engraving
Large Einsiedeln Madonna
Large Einsiedeln Madonna
Master E.S, 1466
-Engraving
-Earliest masterpiece of engraving
-Devotional images
Temptation of St. Anthony
Temptation of St. Anthony
Martin Schonguar, 1475
-Elaborate engraving
-Light manipulation textures
-Pictorial masterpiece
-Devils shown in mashup between insects and humans
-Engraving is a goldsmith technique
Samson and the Lion
Samson and the Lion
Albrecht Durer, 1500 woodcut
-Durer’s design
-Extremely elaborate
-Don’t know if Durer actually cut the block
-Looking at a professional block cutter
Four Horseman of the Apocalypse
Four Horseman of the Apocalypse
Albrecht Durer, 1500 woodcut
-Large block that would have had text
-St. John imagines the apocalypse
-Part of a series from Revelations
Small Passions
Small Passions
Durer, 1500
-There is more emphasis on the emotions and sufferings of Christ, less on landscape and background.
-It was meant to be more of a devotional work. It was his most popular work.
-Woodcut
The Fall of Man
The Fall of Man
Durer, 1500
-Engraving
-This print was made before his second trip to Italy
-He prints what might sell in Italy
-Models figures on sources that he thinks are ideal humans
-Animals represent blood (rabbit), phlegm (ox), black vile (Stag) and yellow vile (cat)
-It is in Latin so the print is more universal
-Snake has a crown on, carnal sin of pride
St. Jerome in his Study
St. Jerome in his Study
Durer, 1515
Engraving
-Lion is patron animal of St. Jerome
-Part of the 3 master prints
-St. Jerome represents the theological and contemplative life
Knight, Death and Devil
Knight, Death and Devil
Durer, 1515
Engraving
-Part of the 3 master prints
-Knight, Death and Devil represent moral virtue
-the rider is undistracted and true to his mission.
Melancolia 1
Melancolia 1
Durer, 1515
Engraving
-Part of the 3 master prints
Melancolia 1 represents intellectual sphere
-Representing the three spheres of activity recognized in medieval times
Allegory of Vanity
Allegory of Vanity
Gregor Erhart, 1500
-You see a beautiful young woman and man and a contrasting old woman that symbolizes the decay the two teens will face
-Vanity and death are superimposed
-We are wrapped up in ourselves and don’t realize we can die at any moment
-made out of wood and painted
Death of a Maiden
Death of a Maiden
Hans Baldung, 1510
-You see the stages of life, from baby, young adult and old age all wrapped up in death’s hands
-Death can occur at any one of these stages
-The woman’s vanity keeps her ignorant to the fact that she could die at any moment
Death of a Maiden
Death of a Maiden
Hans Baldung, 1520
-Death has snuck up behind the woman
-Death is a terrifying sight, a contrast against a seemingly young and healthy woman
Dance of Death
Dance of Death
Hans Holbein, 1538
-Extremely popular work with 10 editions
-Shows ordinary people with different professions being visited by death at any given time
-Death comes to everybody even while doing ordinary tasks
The French Ambassadors
The French Ambassadors
Hans Holbein, 1533
-Crucifix in the corner, while looking at the anamorphic skull your eyes are drawn to the crucifix in the corner
-When thing about death you begin to think about Christ
-Idea of death is present
Transi Tomb of Henry Chichele
Transi Tomb of Henry Chichele
1425
-Archbishop of Canterbury
-There is a contrast between his normal state as a person and a rotting decayed body underneath
-Shows that everyone will eventually decay no matter the way they lived their life
-The tomb was made before he died
Mocking of Christ
Mocking of Christ
Matthew Grunewald, 1500
-Depicts the sadness of Christ in the center surrounded by horrendous people
-He is being tortured and his pain is intensified instead of his innocence
-Expressionist work
-An emotional reaction is felt when looking at this piece
Wings of the Heller Altarpiece
Wings of the Heller Altarpiece
Grunewald, 1500
-Depicts the saints stacked
-Version of Grisaille
-It’s supposed to be a preliminary statement to the glorious interior
-They don’t look like statues
-Pleats show movement
Isenheim Altarpiece Closed
Isenheim Altarpiece Closed
Grunewald, 1515
-Depicts crucifixion
-This piece was for patients suffering St. Anthony’s Fire, a disease that cause decay of skin and boils.
-It is found in a hospital chapel
-There was a strong connection between the patients and the picture as Jesus is suffering from the disease on the cross
-The Prudella slides apart his legs seem to be removed, as many of the patients with the disease lose limbs
Isenheim Altarpiece (second view)
Isenheim Altarpiece (second view)
Grunewald, 1515
-Bright colors contrast morbid colors on the exterior
-There are 4 scenes depicted: Annunciation,
-Angel’s concert, Mary and Christ and the Resurrection of Christ
-Mary is reading the book of Isaiah and and Isaiah is seen in the corner foreshadowing the event
-Not a visually connected scene
-Basin refers to purity of Mary and they are sitting next to rose bushes that symbolize the rosary
-His body as lost the disease and his puncture wounds have turned to rubies.
Isenheim Altarpiece (Final view)
Isenheim Altarpiece (Final view)
Grunewald, 1515
-Temptation of St. Anthony, being pulled apart by demons
-Demons are hybrids similar to Bosch’s representations of them
-Vividly imagined demons
-A man has St. Anthony’s fire and is slowly morphing into a demon himself
-The man has abandoned Christ and the inscription asks why
Self Portrait at 13
Self Portrait at 13
Durer, 1484
-Made with silver point
-Even at young age he mastered such a tricky form of drawing
Self Portrait Erlangen
Self Portrait Erlangen
Durer, 1500
-Genuine study for himself
-Not concerned on precise details, but more on conveying emotions
-Shows how tricky it is to depict oneself while drawing oneself at the same time
Metropolitan Self Portrait
Metropolitan Self Portrait
Durer, 1500
-He is studying and practicing and learning
-He is studying the folds of the pillow
-The pillows depict facial features
Self Portrait with Spray of Erygium
Self Portrait with Spray of Erygium
Durer, 1500
-He is holding Sea Holly, which means good luck
-This is a painting for his fiance
-The painting shows he isn’t quite thrilled for the marriage
-He looks sickly with bags under his eyes
-22 years old
Self Portrait at 26
Self Portrait at 26
Durer, 1500
-He looks healthier
-Color scheme more unified
-Portrait convey’s his success
-He was a member of the wealthy merchants
Self Portrait at 28
Self Portrait at 28
Durer, 1500
-Portrays himself as Jesus
Not blasphemous, artist are now trying to take credit for their work
-He is extremely idealized, making an image of posterity
-His hand is almost in the same position as the blessing hand of Christ
-He faces the looker face on unlike his previous self portraits
Great Piece of Turf
Great Piece of Turf
Durer, 1500
-Lovingly done, but ordinary and humbling
-Watercolor on paper
-Beautiful composition
-Have the character of a scientific illustration
Haller Madonna
Haller Madonna
Durer,1500
-Made after his return from Italy
-He uses concepts and compositions he learned in Italy
-Haller family of Nuremburg
-The back of the piece shows Lot and his children fleeing Sodom
Feast of Rose Garlands
Feast of Rose Garlands
Durer, 1500
-Learned from Italy
-Hold figures in same space and community
-There are people and saints from the German community
-Durer is in the portrait
Portrait of Erasmus
Portrait of Erasmus
Durer, 1525
-Engraving
-Humanist Portrait
-Durer got to meet Erasmus
– Importance of humanism in Durer’s life
-“His writing will present a better image”
Four Witches
Four Witches
Durer, 1500
-Skull in background and demon in corner are signs of death
-Pomegranate above their head is a symbol for fertility
-They don’t seem like witches
Witch Riding Backwards on a broom
Witch Riding Backwards on a broom
Durer, 1500
-Cupid symbolizes uncontrolled sexuality, god of love
-She is backwards because the world is turned upside down, things are not what how they should be
-Durer even goes as far as to invert his monogram to go along with the out of joint logic
Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
Hans Baldung, 1510
-Sharper definition of light and lines
-Baldung plaque is on the side similar to Durer’s
-There is only one sign of carnal sin and that is represented with the two rabbits (lust)
-Notion that sex is the reason for the fall of man
The Weather Witches
Baldung, 1525
-Believed witches controlled the weather
-They were sexualized and placed in erotic positions
Witch Sabbath
Witch Sabbath
Baldung, 1515
-Chiaroscuro Woodcut
-Colored paper is almost like painting
-Takes idea of sacred meal and turns it into a ceremony celebrating the devil
-Refers to Durer’s Witch Riding Backwards with a Broom
Bewitched Groom
Bewitched Groom
Baldung, 1544
-People say he was kicked by the horse, his position say’s otherwise
-Horses are sexualized creatures
-Unicorn coat of arms
Virgil in a basket
Virgil in a basket
Van Leyden, 1520
-Woodcut shows the act while engraving shows response
-Virgil gets tricked into climbing a basket and made fun of by August’s daughter
-Shows a woman’s triumph over man
The Milkmaid
The Milkmaid
Van Leyden, 1520
-Shows the wiles of woman, woman’s power over man
-The man is distracted by her cleavage
– There is an erotic attraction between the two
Ecce Homo
Ecce Homo
Van Leyden, 1520
-Deep space
-Makes the viewer search for the focal point
-Pilot is showing Christ to the people
-Jesus is not the main subject

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Renaissance ART TEST 2
Artscolumbia
Artscolumbia
Adoration of the Child
Adoration of the Child
1480, Bosch -Shepherds in the background -Mary and child are similarly presented as the Portinari Altarpiece -The back corners have similar depictions or angels and she
2017-09-06 05:40:59
Renaissance ART TEST 2
$ 13.900 2018-12-31
artscolumbia.org
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