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    Renaissance ART TEST 2

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    Adoration of the Child
    Adoration of the Child
    1480, Bosch
    -Shepherds in the background
    -Mary and child are similarly presented as the Portinari Altarpiece
    -The back corners have similar depictions or angels and shepherds as seen in Portinari Altarpiece
    -Some of Bosch’s works are thematically similar to other Netherlandish pieces
    Crucifixion
    Crucifixion
    1480, Bosch
    -Figures are thin, faces are more simplified
    -Golgatha (Bones underneath cross)
    -Use of color is simplified
    -Bosch stays away from elaborate patterns and drapery
    -St. Peter depicted, not usually there
    Carrying the Cross
    Carrying the Cross
    1480, Bosch
    -Narrative scene
    -People are given faces to characterize evil
    Carrying the Cross (newer version)
    Carrying the Cross (newer version)
    1515, Bosch
    -Strange faces
    -Innocence of Christ depicted
    -Veronica is shown as a sweet character holding the cloth that wipes Christ’s face
    Seven Deadly Sins
    Seven Deadly Sins
    Bosch, 1480
    -Thought to be a table cloth due to the position
    -A large eyeball, “Beware, beware the lord sees”
    -Pride of the artist is depicted, Bosch denotes artist like Jan van Eyck who have pride.
    -4 last things are depicted outside the eyeball
    -Death, Judgement, Heaven and Hell
    -Superbia (Shows pride, woman is looking into the mirror. Has elements from the Arnolfini portraits, oranges, reflection, the woman’s headdress.
    The Cure of Folly
    The Cure of Folly
    Bosch, 1485
    -An operation to remove rock from head
    -The real pain is his wife cheating on him. Cuckold
    -Image of foolishness
    Ship of fools
    Ship of fools
    Bosch, 1490
    -Part of a triptych
    – An allegory by the humanist Sebastian Brant, published in Basel in 1494
    Death of the Miser
    Death of the Miser
    Bosch, 1490
    -Reminder to people to stay strong and go against temptations
    -Angels urge the man to see Christ but the devil’s control his material fascination
    -Shows what NOT to do to have a good death
    Exterior of Adoration of the Magi
    Exterior of Adoration of the Magi
    Bosch, 1510
    -Grisaille
    -Set up as if the Altarpiece is within an altarpiece (inception?)
    -Complicating and though provoking
    -Patron is in full color
    -Gregory the Great kneeling
    Adoration of the Magi
    Adoration of the Magi
    Bosch 1510
    -Magi has symbols of the passion, crown of thrones around his neck
    -Separation of sacred figure from chaos surrounding them. (This is traditional of Bosch)
    -People peering from the inside are not Magi, but instead of onlookers of the scene
    Triptych of St. Anthony Exterior
    Triptych of St. Anthony Exterior
    Bosch, 1505
    -Made of Grisaille
    -Shows part of the Passion
    -Stories being told parallel what’s going on inside interior
    Triptych of St. Anthony
    Triptych of St. Anthony
    Bosch, 1505
    -St. Anthony is tormented by demons
    – He is a hermit saint
    -Priests and nuns are shown negatively, there is an animalization of them
    Haywain (exterior)
    Haywain (exterior)
    Bosch, 1500
    -Scenes of life being lived
    -This is what is going on , on earth. Not always good and eventually leads to death
    -Not necessarily last judgement
    -Death comes to everyone, the man is following the road where temptation is abundant
    Haywain (interior)
    Haywain (interior)
    Bosch, 1500
    -Similar narrative to the Garden of Earth Delights
    -Angels are being cast out of heaven also depicts Adam and Even being cast out of Paradise
    -Hay contains multitudes of people depicting sins of the people
    -Demons cart the hay away to the next panel containing hell
    Last Judgement
    Last Judgement
    Bosch, 1480
    -St. Bavo on exterior giving alms to the poor
    – The inside depicts the suffering and damnation of humans during the last judgement
    -The left panel depicts adam and eve from creation to being cast out of paradise similar to lucifer being cast out of heaven
    -The picture shows greed and gluttony and other carnal sins
    -The final panel shows fall of punishment, Lucifer is shown judging the sinners himself, toads are a symbol of torture.
    Garden of Earthly Delights
    Garden of Earthly Delights
    Bosch, 1500
    -Birds are signs of sexual activity, phallic
    -You see birds in the water while fish are seen flying or on land going against their kind
    -Emphasis on fruit and flowers comparing to indulgent consumption
    St. Dorothy
    St. Dorothy
    1420
    -Woodcuts were cheap and many didn’t last
    -This piece was placed in a book and kept safe
    St. Christopher
    St. Christopher
    1423
    -More angular, different styles per regions
    -Annoymous prints
    -1000 prints per woodblock before they wear
    Biblia Pauperum
    Biblia Pauperum
    1460
    -Block book, single woodcut block
    -Poor man’s bible
    -Letters individually carved
    -A way of lining up stories from old testament to new testament to show connection between old and new
    -Mary undo’s what Eve did in the garden
    -Prophets at bottom
    Nuremburg Chronicle
    Nuremburg Chronicle
    1493 Wolgemut (main designer)/ Schedel (author of text)
    -History of the world
    -Stars with creation, creation is upside down through the eyes of god
    -Ends with the last judgement
    Man of Sorrows
    Man of Sorrows
    Master of Playing Cards, 1450
    -Shows the mocking of Christ
    -Engraving
    Large Einsiedeln Madonna
    Large Einsiedeln Madonna
    Master E.S, 1466
    -Engraving
    -Earliest masterpiece of engraving
    -Devotional images
    Temptation of St. Anthony
    Temptation of St. Anthony
    Martin Schonguar, 1475
    -Elaborate engraving
    -Light manipulation textures
    -Pictorial masterpiece
    -Devils shown in mashup between insects and humans
    -Engraving is a goldsmith technique
    Samson and the Lion
    Samson and the Lion
    Albrecht Durer, 1500 woodcut
    -Durer’s design
    -Extremely elaborate
    -Don’t know if Durer actually cut the block
    -Looking at a professional block cutter
    Four Horseman of the Apocalypse
    Four Horseman of the Apocalypse
    Albrecht Durer, 1500 woodcut
    -Large block that would have had text
    -St. John imagines the apocalypse
    -Part of a series from Revelations
    Small Passions
    Small Passions
    Durer, 1500
    -There is more emphasis on the emotions and sufferings of Christ, less on landscape and background.
    -It was meant to be more of a devotional work. It was his most popular work.
    -Woodcut
    The Fall of Man
    The Fall of Man
    Durer, 1500
    -Engraving
    -This print was made before his second trip to Italy
    -He prints what might sell in Italy
    -Models figures on sources that he thinks are ideal humans
    -Animals represent blood (rabbit), phlegm (ox), black vile (Stag) and yellow vile (cat)
    -It is in Latin so the print is more universal
    -Snake has a crown on, carnal sin of pride
    St. Jerome in his Study
    St. Jerome in his Study
    Durer, 1515
    Engraving
    -Lion is patron animal of St. Jerome
    -Part of the 3 master prints
    -St. Jerome represents the theological and contemplative life
    Knight, Death and Devil
    Knight, Death and Devil
    Durer, 1515
    Engraving
    -Part of the 3 master prints
    -Knight, Death and Devil represent moral virtue
    -the rider is undistracted and true to his mission.
    Melancolia 1
    Melancolia 1
    Durer, 1515
    Engraving
    -Part of the 3 master prints
    Melancolia 1 represents intellectual sphere
    -Representing the three spheres of activity recognized in medieval times
    Allegory of Vanity
    Allegory of Vanity
    Gregor Erhart, 1500
    -You see a beautiful young woman and man and a contrasting old woman that symbolizes the decay the two teens will face
    -Vanity and death are superimposed
    -We are wrapped up in ourselves and don’t realize we can die at any moment
    -made out of wood and painted
    Death of a Maiden
    Death of a Maiden
    Hans Baldung, 1510
    -You see the stages of life, from baby, young adult and old age all wrapped up in death’s hands
    -Death can occur at any one of these stages
    -The woman’s vanity keeps her ignorant to the fact that she could die at any moment
    Death of a Maiden
    Death of a Maiden
    Hans Baldung, 1520
    -Death has snuck up behind the woman
    -Death is a terrifying sight, a contrast against a seemingly young and healthy woman
    Dance of Death
    Dance of Death
    Hans Holbein, 1538
    -Extremely popular work with 10 editions
    -Shows ordinary people with different professions being visited by death at any given time
    -Death comes to everybody even while doing ordinary tasks
    The French Ambassadors
    The French Ambassadors
    Hans Holbein, 1533
    -Crucifix in the corner, while looking at the anamorphic skull your eyes are drawn to the crucifix in the corner
    -When thing about death you begin to think about Christ
    -Idea of death is present
    Transi Tomb of Henry Chichele
    Transi Tomb of Henry Chichele
    1425
    -Archbishop of Canterbury
    -There is a contrast between his normal state as a person and a rotting decayed body underneath
    -Shows that everyone will eventually decay no matter the way they lived their life
    -The tomb was made before he died
    Mocking of Christ
    Mocking of Christ
    Matthew Grunewald, 1500
    -Depicts the sadness of Christ in the center surrounded by horrendous people
    -He is being tortured and his pain is intensified instead of his innocence
    -Expressionist work
    -An emotional reaction is felt when looking at this piece
    Wings of the Heller Altarpiece
    Wings of the Heller Altarpiece
    Grunewald, 1500
    -Depicts the saints stacked
    -Version of Grisaille
    -It’s supposed to be a preliminary statement to the glorious interior
    -They don’t look like statues
    -Pleats show movement
    Isenheim Altarpiece Closed
    Isenheim Altarpiece Closed
    Grunewald, 1515
    -Depicts crucifixion
    -This piece was for patients suffering St. Anthony’s Fire, a disease that cause decay of skin and boils.
    -It is found in a hospital chapel
    -There was a strong connection between the patients and the picture as Jesus is suffering from the disease on the cross
    -The Prudella slides apart his legs seem to be removed, as many of the patients with the disease lose limbs
    Isenheim Altarpiece (second view)
    Isenheim Altarpiece (second view)
    Grunewald, 1515
    -Bright colors contrast morbid colors on the exterior
    -There are 4 scenes depicted: Annunciation,
    -Angel’s concert, Mary and Christ and the Resurrection of Christ
    -Mary is reading the book of Isaiah and and Isaiah is seen in the corner foreshadowing the event
    -Not a visually connected scene
    -Basin refers to purity of Mary and they are sitting next to rose bushes that symbolize the rosary
    -His body as lost the disease and his puncture wounds have turned to rubies.
    Isenheim Altarpiece (Final view)
    Isenheim Altarpiece (Final view)
    Grunewald, 1515
    -Temptation of St. Anthony, being pulled apart by demons
    -Demons are hybrids similar to Bosch’s representations of them
    -Vividly imagined demons
    -A man has St. Anthony’s fire and is slowly morphing into a demon himself
    -The man has abandoned Christ and the inscription asks why
    Self Portrait at 13
    Self Portrait at 13
    Durer, 1484
    -Made with silver point
    -Even at young age he mastered such a tricky form of drawing
    Self Portrait Erlangen
    Self Portrait Erlangen
    Durer, 1500
    -Genuine study for himself
    -Not concerned on precise details, but more on conveying emotions
    -Shows how tricky it is to depict oneself while drawing oneself at the same time
    Metropolitan Self Portrait
    Metropolitan Self Portrait
    Durer, 1500
    -He is studying and practicing and learning
    -He is studying the folds of the pillow
    -The pillows depict facial features
    Self Portrait with Spray of Erygium
    Self Portrait with Spray of Erygium
    Durer, 1500
    -He is holding Sea Holly, which means good luck
    -This is a painting for his fiance
    -The painting shows he isn’t quite thrilled for the marriage
    -He looks sickly with bags under his eyes
    -22 years old
    Self Portrait at 26
    Self Portrait at 26
    Durer, 1500
    -He looks healthier
    -Color scheme more unified
    -Portrait convey’s his success
    -He was a member of the wealthy merchants
    Self Portrait at 28
    Self Portrait at 28
    Durer, 1500
    -Portrays himself as Jesus
    Not blasphemous, artist are now trying to take credit for their work
    -He is extremely idealized, making an image of posterity
    -His hand is almost in the same position as the blessing hand of Christ
    -He faces the looker face on unlike his previous self portraits
    Great Piece of Turf
    Great Piece of Turf
    Durer, 1500
    -Lovingly done, but ordinary and humbling
    -Watercolor on paper
    -Beautiful composition
    -Have the character of a scientific illustration
    Haller Madonna
    Haller Madonna
    Durer,1500
    -Made after his return from Italy
    -He uses concepts and compositions he learned in Italy
    -Haller family of Nuremburg
    -The back of the piece shows Lot and his children fleeing Sodom
    Feast of Rose Garlands
    Feast of Rose Garlands
    Durer, 1500
    -Learned from Italy
    -Hold figures in same space and community
    -There are people and saints from the German community
    -Durer is in the portrait
    Portrait of Erasmus
    Portrait of Erasmus
    Durer, 1525
    -Engraving
    -Humanist Portrait
    -Durer got to meet Erasmus
    – Importance of humanism in Durer’s life
    -“His writing will present a better image”
    Four Witches
    Four Witches
    Durer, 1500
    -Skull in background and demon in corner are signs of death
    -Pomegranate above their head is a symbol for fertility
    -They don’t seem like witches
    Witch Riding Backwards on a broom
    Witch Riding Backwards on a broom
    Durer, 1500
    -Cupid symbolizes uncontrolled sexuality, god of love
    -She is backwards because the world is turned upside down, things are not what how they should be
    -Durer even goes as far as to invert his monogram to go along with the out of joint logic
    Adam and Eve
    Adam and Eve
    Hans Baldung, 1510
    -Sharper definition of light and lines
    -Baldung plaque is on the side similar to Durer’s
    -There is only one sign of carnal sin and that is represented with the two rabbits (lust)
    -Notion that sex is the reason for the fall of man
    The Weather Witches
    Baldung, 1525
    -Believed witches controlled the weather
    -They were sexualized and placed in erotic positions
    Witch Sabbath
    Witch Sabbath
    Baldung, 1515
    -Chiaroscuro Woodcut
    -Colored paper is almost like painting
    -Takes idea of sacred meal and turns it into a ceremony celebrating the devil
    -Refers to Durer’s Witch Riding Backwards with a Broom
    Bewitched Groom
    Bewitched Groom
    Baldung, 1544
    -People say he was kicked by the horse, his position say’s otherwise
    -Horses are sexualized creatures
    -Unicorn coat of arms
    Virgil in a basket
    Virgil in a basket
    Van Leyden, 1520
    -Woodcut shows the act while engraving shows response
    -Virgil gets tricked into climbing a basket and made fun of by August’s daughter
    -Shows a woman’s triumph over man
    The Milkmaid
    The Milkmaid
    Van Leyden, 1520
    -Shows the wiles of woman, woman’s power over man
    -The man is distracted by her cleavage
    – There is an erotic attraction between the two
    Ecce Homo
    Ecce Homo
    Van Leyden, 1520
    -Deep space
    -Makes the viewer search for the focal point
    -Pilot is showing Christ to the people
    -Jesus is not the main subject

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    Renaissance ART TEST 2. (2017, Aug 29). Retrieved from https://artscolumbia.org/renaissance-art-test-2-15553/

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