We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

Counseling And Psychotherapy Essay

Counseling v. psychotherapy is there a difference between the two? This paper
will attempt to prove that there are several differences between counseling and
psychotherapy. While Counseling And Psychotherapy Essay have several different
elements in each, the following information will also attempt to show the reader
that there are some areas where the two overlap. At times this was a confusing
topic to research. A fine line distinguishes the two topics and one must look
hard to see this line.

Definition of Counseling One survey taken by Gustad
suggests a definition of counseling where he included three key elements.
Counseling is a learning-oriented process, carried on in a simple, one to one
social environment, in which a counselor, professionally competent in relevant
psychological skills and knowledge, seeks to assist the client by methods
appropriate to the latter’s needs and within the context of the total personnel
program, to learn more about himself, to learn how to put such understanding
into effect in relation to more clearly perceived, realistically defined goals
to the ` end that the client may become a happier and more productive member of
his society (1957, p. 36). In lay terms counseling can be described as a face to
face relationship, having goals to help a client to learn or acquire new skills
which will enable them to cope and adjust to life situations. The focus is to
help a person reach maximum fulfillment or potential, and to become fully
functioning as a person. Definition of Psychotherapy Psychotherapy is the
process inwhich a therapists assists the client in re-organizing his or her
personality.

We will write a custom essay on Counseling And Psychotherapy specifically for you
for only $16.38 $13.9/page

Order now

The therapist also helps the client integrate insights into
everyday behavior. Psychotherapy can be defined as ;more inclusive
re-education of the individual; (Brammer; Shostrom,1977). Objectives of
counseling The objectives of counseling according to the Committee on
Definition, Division of Counseling Psychology, American Psychological
Association are to ;help individuals toward overcoming obstacles to their
personal growth, wherever these may be encountered, and toward achieving optimum
development of their personal resources; (Arbuckle, 1967). In a paper
written by Dr. T. Millard, it is stated that ;Counseling provides clarity
and a positive and constructive venue for the individual to sensibly examine the
instinctive-emotional and rational (or irrational) motives which determine the
drive, content, and even the form of human conduct.

; This shows the part
which counseling plays in a clients treatment. Objectives of psychotherapy
According to Everett Shostrom (1967) , the goal of psychotherapy is ; to
become an actualizer, a person who appreciates himself and others as persons
rather than things and who has turned his self defeating manipulations into self
fulfilling potentials (p. 9). Shostrom also feels that awareness is the goal of
psychotherapy, ;The reason is that change occurs with awareness!;
(1967 p. 103). Shostrom feels that awareness is a form of non-striving achieved
by being what you are at the moment,l even if what you are means the phony
manipulative role that we all play sometimes for external support (1967 p.

103).
Professional opinions Not all therapists feel that there is a distinction
between counseling and psychotherapy. C.H. Patterson feels that it is impossible
to make a distinction, He feels that the definition of counseling equally
applies as well to psychotherapy and vice a versa. Donald Arbuckle (1967) argues
that counseling and psychotherapy are identical in all essential aspects.

Others
believe that there is a distinction. Psychotherapy is concerned with some type
of personality change where counseling is concerned with helping individuals
utilize full coping potential. IN Donald Arbuckle’s work he included Leona
Tyler’s thoughts on the differences between counseling and psychotherapy. Leona
Tyler attempts to differ between counseling and psychotherapy by stating,
;to remove physical and mental handicaps or to rid of limitations is not
the job of the counselor, this is the job of the therapist which is aimed
essentially at change rather than fulfillment (Arbuckle 1967). Differences
between counseling and psychotherapy One of the major distinctions between
counseling and psychotherapy is the focus. In counseling, the counselor will
focus on the ;here and now;, reality situations.

READ:  Biography on Benjamin Franklin Essay

During psychotherapy,
the therapist is looking into the unconscious or past. A psychotherapist is
looking for a connection of past to undealt with problems which are now present
in the real world. Donald Arbuckle states, ;There is a further distinction
to be made. This involves the nature or content of the problem which the client
brings to the counselor. A distinction is attempted between reality-oriented
problems and those problems which inhere in the personality of the
individual; (1967, p.145).

Counseling and psychotherapy also differentiate
when it comes to the .

Choose Type of service

Choose writer quality

Page count

1 page 275 words

Deadline

Order Essay Writing

$13.9 Order Now
icon Get your custom essay sample
icon
Sara from Artscolumbia

Hi there, would you like to get such an essay? How about receiving a customized one?
Check it out goo.gl/Crty7Tt

Counseling And Psychotherapy Essay
Artscolumbia
Artscolumbia
Counseling v. psychotherapy is there a difference between the two? This paper will attempt to prove that there are several differences between counseling and psychotherapy. While Counseling And Psychotherapy Essay have several different elements in each, the following information will also attempt to show the reader that there are some areas where the two overlap. At times this was a confusing topic to research. A fine line distinguishes the two topics and one must look hard to see
2019-02-12 07:50:24
Counseling And Psychotherapy Essay
$ 13.900 2018-12-31
artscolumbia.org
In stock
Rated 5/5 based on 1 customer reviews