Biotechnology is the science by which scietist change or manage biological systems
in living things. This science allows humans to better understand, and apply their
learnings to things such as agriculture, industry and human medicine.
One of the ways scientist are learning more about medicines is by performing labs
that are called cultures. This is when microorganisms or cells are grown in a controlled
enviroment, set up by the experimenter. Also the culture must be kept clean and have
food at all times.
The organisms living in this cell are also known as a culture cell. When
all is said and done the scientist should hopefully have learned something, usually having
to do with a cell being different than normal. From culture labs scientist can make
antiobiotics, vaccines and other drugs that can help people in todays society who are ill.
Pharming is another way to help make medicines better. Pharming is a method by
Scientists take milk from animals to produce proteins that are needed by humans. This
method is a substitute to that of a culture because it is not only cheaper but is much safer.
The Human Genome Project is also a project that is helpful to that of medicines.
This project is aimed to help understand how genes work in a persons body. Once we
we learn more about the genes of people the door is opened to other paths. The goals
of this project are to identify all 100,000 genes in DNA, determine the 3 billion chemical
bases found in DNA and then to develop tools that will help us analyze all of the
information that is learned from the project. These are only just some of what is gonna
help us with medicine in the future.