The Harlem Renaissance and Black History Galilee Rosaries Ms. Faustian U. S History & Government Period 1 What was the Harlem Renaissance? The Harlem Renaissance was a cultural movement that spanned the asses. It was known as the “New Negro Movement”, Named after Lain Locke In 1925. New African- American were also included in the Renaissance all across the urban area in the Northeast and Midwest of the united states, Most of the United States was affected by the African Americans. Harlem was the largest of them all. Harlem became an African-American neighborhood in the early asses.
The Harlem Renaissance began and ended 1919 until the early or mid of asses, Many of its ideas lived on much longer throughout history. People who were involved in the Renaissance included Longboats Hughes, Counted Culled and William Grant. As the Renaissance ended the Depression began. Hughes was a worldly man, Also a black novelist, columnist, playwright and essayist during the time of the Renaissance. The Renaissance ended in the asses after the Great Depression set in. The Harlem Renaissance lasted a brief time it influenced later on time black writes and helped ease the way for some black authors for their publication.
The influence of the Renaissance, the so called awakening of the black American culture its still around America till this day. Elijah Muhammad Elijah Muhammad was born on or about Cot. 7, 1897 in Janesville, Georgia. The exact date of his birth remains unknown because record keeping in rural Georgia for the descendants of slaves was not kept current, according to the historians and family members. Elijah Poole, the son of a minister and whose parents, William and Marie Poole, had 12 other children, had to quit school after barely finishing the third read to work in the fields as a sharecropper so his family could eat.
When he was sixteen years old, he left home and began working in factories and at other businesses. Elijah Poole married the former Clara Evans, also of Georgia. They had eight children, Emmanuel, Ethel, Little, Nathaniel, Herbert, Elijah, Jar. , Wallace and Kafka. The Poole family was among the hundreds of thousands to migrate from the Jim Crow South, seeking safety and employment. The Poles settled in Hammock, Michigan. Poole struggled to find and keep work as the economy suffered during the e was personally taught by a teacher non-stop.
Muhammad established a newspaper, “The Final Call to Islam,” in 1934. It was his first of many publication he produced. Muhammad helped established schools for the proper education for his 6 children and also the community. Even though Muslims Parents thought the school he had built was inadequate for their children and they established their own schools themselves. State Board by 1934 had disagreed with the Muslims getting their education together as all the Muslim Teachers and Temple Secretary were false harder for trying to give children a right education.
Muhammad committed himself to Jail after that situation with the board. Elijah Muhammad faced many challenges as a person. His teacher has instructed him to go to Washington, D. C. To do a research on the religion of Islam at that time it was 1935. Muhammad assumed the leadership of the Temple of Islam by the order of the Founder of Islam, Muhammad faced a death plot at the hands of members of the Temple. Muhammad went against the plan and went back to Washington to study and build a mosque there. He as known as many things down in Washington.
He was arrested down in Washington on May 8, 1942 for evading draft. He refused to take part in a war with infidels, He also wasn’t eligible to Join cause of his age , according to the law he was to old at the age of 45 to Join the war. In his time as leader of The Nation of Islam, Muhammad had developed the Nation of Islam from a small movement in Detroit to an empire consisting of banks, schools, restaurants and stores across 46 cities in America. The Nation also owned over 15,000 acres of farmland as well as a publishing company that printed the country largest Black newspaper.
As a leader, Muhammad served as mentor to many notable members, such as Malcolm X, Muhammad All, Louis Farmhand and his son Warmth Eden Mohammed. On January 30, 1975, Muhammad entered Mercy Hospital in Chicago, Illinois, suffering from a combination of heart disease, diabetes, bronchitis, and asthma. He died of congestive heart failure on February 25, the day before Saviors’ Day. He was survived by two daughters and six sons, including future leader Warmth Eden Muhammad not leaving his wife Clara Muhammad behind.