The Civil Rights Movement EssayThe civil rights movement was a period of time when blacks attempted to gaintheir constitutional rights of which they were being deprived. The movement hasoccurred from the 1950’s to the present, with programs like Affirmative Action. Many were upset with the way the civil rights movement was being carried out inthe 1960’s. As a result, someone assassinated the leader of the movement, Dr.
Martin Luther King Jr. Many blacks were infuriated at this death so there wereserious riots in almost 100 cities. President Johnson then appointed a committeecalled The Kerner Commission to study the civil rights movement. They concludedthe following: "We are moving toward two societies-one white and one black,separate and unequal.
" There is some truth to the Kerner Commission report, buton the whole the civil rights movement has been a success because blacks arebetter off now than they were before it began. The Kerner Commission report has some truth when it comes to blacks and politics,but overall the movement was a success because blacks have achieved morepolitically than before they began. Before the movement, blacks had almost nopolitical power due to laws designed to prevent blacks from voting, like polltaxes, literacy tests and the Grandfather Clause. Also when some blacks went tovote, people simply wouldn’t let them register. Due to lack of voting ability,no blacks were elected into office and therefore, blacks had no say in thegovernment.Order now
Also, blacks were not allowed to serve on juries, yet they werealmost always found guilty in court, even if the evidence was clearly againstthem. For example, years ago a boy in Georgia broke into a school to steal anice cream. While he should have gotten a few hours of community service, he gotthree years in jail just because he was black. A truth to the Kerner Commissionreport that occurs today is that blacks are not being represented in Congressproportionally. While 12% of U.
S. citizens are black, there is only one black inthe Senate out of a hundred seats. This is a failure because blacks should beproportionally represented because it is their right to have a sufficient say ingovernment. However, the civil rights movement was more of a success becauseblacks got the vote. The 24th amendment outlawed the Poll tax, the Civil RightsAct of 1964 protects the rights of all citizens to vote, and the Voting RightsAct of 1965 ended literacy tests and let the Federal government register votersto make sure that they aren’t discriminated again.
Because of this new politicalpower they have obtained, blacks have the ability to elect other blacks torepresent them. There are over four times as many blacks in office today, thanbefore the movement. This helped the blacks because they could have arepresentative to speak for them. A few years ago, a black named David Dinkinswas elected mayor of one of the largest cities in America, New York.
In 1968,Chrisam became the first black woman in the House of Representatives and in 1984,a popular black leader, Jesse Jackson ran for president. All this is a successbecause one of their goals was to have political power and equal opportunity. Asecond reason why the civil rights movement was politically more of a successthan a failure is due to the fact that blacks are better off in the courts thanthey were. Now, blacks are allowed to serve on juries, and they are hardly everdiscriminated in court as opposed to when the boy was over-sentenced forstealing an ice cream. For example, O.
J. Simpson, who was accused of killing hiswife, received a fair trial and was let off not-guilty. In the 60’s in the south,he would have been found guilty very quickly. In the economic sense, the Kerner report has some truth today, but overall thecivil rights movement was a huge success in this area because blacks are muchbetter off today than they were before the movement.
Before the civil rightsmovement, almost every black was very poor and they weren’t able to get goodjobs because of their skin color. There was no middle class for blacks, just alower class. They didn’t have equal opportunity. An economic failure of themovement is the amount of poor blacks that still exist. The children which areproducts of this particular type of segregation live in a poor neighborhood, .