Allocation of Resources: The distribution of a society’s wealth among its members. Allocation can be done forcefully (by the government) or by the workings of the free market system.
Authoritarianism: A system of government in which the leaders are not accountable to the citizens.
Behavioralism: An approach to political reasearch that focuses on observation of individual political behavior – in contrast to the study of political documents and laws.
Democracy: A system of govenment in which the government is ultimately accountable to the citizens.
The United States is a good example of a “democracy within a republic”.
Formal-legal Analysis: An approach to political theory that applies mathimatical reasoning to the interactions among individuals and institutions.
Government: The persons or organizations that make, enforce, and implement political decisions for a society.
Government Functions: The basic tasks that governments perform in healthy, developed political systems.
Human Rights: The principle that all humans, regardless of their culture, level of economic development, or typ of political system in which they live have “certain inanalienable rights”.
Income Distribution: A measure of how the wealth of a society is shared among its members (generally in terms equality or inequality).
Interest Articulation: The process of expressing concerns and problems as demands for governmental action.
Majority Rule: The majority of citizens in agreement on any given topic “rule” – provided there is respect for the basic rights of the minority.
Political Development: The idea that nations become “modern” by aquiring certain (political) capacities and capabilities.
Political Economy: The study of the impact of government on economic conditions, including analisis of alternative public policies and differnet systems of government. Political Socialization: The process of creating a shared political culture among the members of a political system, typically from one generation to another.
Politics: The process of making collective decisions in a community, society, or group through the application of influence and power.
Popular Consensultation: A regularized process through which citizens can make known their preferences regarding governmental policies and decisions; a key component of democracy
Rule Adjudication: The process of applying governmental rules to specific cases.
Rule Execution: The process of implementing or carrying out policy decisions.
Rule Making: The process of establishing laws, orders, edicts, regulations, and other athoritative acts by government.
Classical Political Philosophy: A body of political philosophy, based on the ideas of Plato (427 347BC) and his student Aristotle (384 – 322BC); associated with a distrust of democracy and on efforts to envision the just state.
Modern Political Philosophy: A body of political philosophy that places a greater emphisis on individualism and on pragmatic concerns about how government works.
Totalitarianism: A system of government in which the state attempts to control virtually all aspects of society, including but not limited to: military affairs, commerce, artistic expression, and mass communication.
Anarchism: The opposition of government in all forms; the belief that government (by its very nature) is harmful and repressive.
Capitalism: An ideology advocating private property and minimal government interference in the lives of its citizens.
Communism: The (futuristic) stage of Marxist ideology where resource scarcity, class conflict and exploitation are nonexistent.
Conservatism: A approach to political life that sees traditional values as the key to solving today’s social problems.
Deregulation: Involves removing or reducing regulations on private sector activity – designed to strengthen the economy through less costly governmental interference in the private sector.
Economic Determinism: The idea that economic forces govern changes in the nature of societies; largely, but not exclusively, associated with Marxism.
Fascism: An ideology that emphasizes extreme appeals to national unity, hatred of foreigners and ethnic minorities, and complete obedience to the state.
Feminism: An ideology that stresses equal rights for women*. Some branches of this ideology stress feminine characteristics such compassionsion, peace, and sharing (sounds like the 70s).
Ideology: A more or less coherent system of political thinking.
Individualism: A way of thinking that emphasizes individual interests and rights in contrast to society’s interests.
Liberalism: A political system that stresses tolerance, diversity, and public assistance for those in need.
Libertarianism: An ideology advocating minimum government and maximum personal liberty.
Marxism: A comprehensive political and economic ideology that emphasizes class struggle and a total commitment to an economy based on radical socialism.
Multiculturalism: The idea that cultudiversitysity is valuable and that steps should be taken to preserve key cultudifferenceseces.