These elements Include: Rhythm Sound Imagery Form 4 ; Rhythm is the flow of the beat in a poem. ; Gives poetry a musical feel. ; Can be fast or slow, depending on mood and subject of poem. ; You can measure rhythm in meter, by counting the beats in each line. ; (See next two slides for examples. ) 5 Rhythm Example The Pickett Fence by David McCoy The Pickett fence Give it a lick it’s A slickest fence Give it a lick it’s a licked fence Give it a lick With a rickety stick Pickett pick. The rhythm in this poem is fast – to match the speed of the stick striking the fence. Where Are You Now?
When the night begins to fall And the sky begins to glow You look up and see the tall City of lights begin to grow – In rows and little golden squares Behind the windowpanes as though A million billion bees had built Their golden hives and honeycombs Above you in the air. The rhythm in this poem is slow – to match the night gently falling and the lights slowly coming on. By Mary Britton Miller 7 Writers love to use interesting sounds in their poems. After all, poems are meant to be heard. These sound devices include: Rhyme Repetition Alliteration Onomatopoeia 8 Rhymes are words that end with the same sound. Hat, cat and bat rhyme. ) ; Rhyming sounds don’t have to be spelled the same way. (Cloud and allowed rhyme. ) ; Rhyme is the most common sound device in poetry. 9 Rhyming Patterns ; Poets can choose from a rhyming patterns. ; (See next four slides for ; BABY – lines 1 & 2 rhyme and lines 3 & 4 rhyme ; ABA – lines 1 & 3 rhyme and lines 2 & 4 rhyme ; ABA – lines 1 & 4 rhyme and lines 2 & 3 rhyme ; ABACA – lines 2 & 4 rhyme and lines 1 & 3 do not rhyme 10 BABY Rhyming Pattern First Snow Snow makes whiteness where it falls. The bushes look like popcorn balls.
And places where I always play, Look like somewhere else today. By Marie Louise Allen 11 ABA Rhyming Pattern Oodles of Noodles I love noodles. Give me oodles. Make a mound up to the sun. Noodles are my favorite foodless. I eat noodles by the ton. By Lucia and James L. Homes,Jar. 12 ABA Rhyming Pattern From “Bliss” Let me fetch sticks, Let me fetch stones, Throw me your bones, Teach me your tricks. By Eleanor Freon 13 The Alligator The alligator chased his tail Which hit him in the snout; He nibbled, gobbled, swallowed it, And turned right inside-out. Y Mary Macdonald 4 ; Repetition occurs when poets repeat words, phrases, or lines in a poem. ; Creates a pattern. ; Increases rhythm. ; Strengthens feelings, ideas and mood in a poem. ; (See next slide for example. ) 15 Repetition Example The Sun Some one tossed a pancake, A buttery, buttery, pancake. Someone tossed a pancake And flipped it up so high, That now I see the pancake, The buttery, buttery pancake, Now I see that pancake Stuck against the sky. By Sandra Litotes 16 ; Alliteration is the repetition of the first consonant sound in words, as in the nursery rhyme “Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. ; (See next slide for The snake slithered silently along the sunny sidewalk. 17 Alliteration Example This Tooth I Jiggled it jiggled it jerked it. I pushed and pulled and poked it. But – As soon as I stopped, And left it alone This tooth came out On its very own! By Lee Bennett Hopkins 18 ; Words that represent the actual sound of something are words of onomatopoeia. Dogs “bark,” cats “purr,” thunder “booms,” rain “drips,” and the clock “ticks. ” ; Appeals to the sense of sound. 19 Onomatopoeia Example Listen Scrunch, scrunch, scrunch. Crunch, crunch, crunch. Frozen snow and brittle ice
Make a winter sound that’s nice Underneath my stamping feet And the cars along the street. By Margaret Hillier 20 Imagery is the use of words to create pictures, or images, in your mind. Appeals to the five senses: smell, sight, hearing, taste and touch. Details about smells, sounds, colors, and taste create strong images. To create vivid images writers use figures of speech. Five Senses 21 Figures of Speech ; Figures of speech are tools that writers use to create images, or “paint pictures,” ; Similes, metaphors, and personification are three figures of speech that create imagery.
Simile A simile compares two things using the words “like” or “as. ” another creates a vivid image. Example. ) The runner streaked like a cheetah. Simile Example Flint An emerald is as green as grass, A ruby red as blood; A sapphire shines as blue as heaven; A flint lies in the mud. A diamond is a brilliant stone, To catch the world’s desire; An opal holds a fiery spark; But a flint holds fire. By Christina Roses 24 Metaphor ; A metaphor compares two things without using the words “like” or “as. ” ; Gives the qualities of one thing to something that is quite different. The winter wind is a wolf oiling at the door. 5 Metaphor Example The Night is a Big Black Cat The Night is a big black cat The moon is her topaz eye, The stars are the mice she hunts at night, In the field of the sultry sky. BY G. Orr Clark 26 ; Personification gives human traits and feelings to things that are not human – like animals or objects. The moon smiled down at me. 27 Personification Example From “Mister Sun” Mister Sun Wakes up at dawn, Puts his golden Slippers on, Climbs the summer Sky at noon, Trading places With the moon. By J. Patrick Lewis 28 Forms of Poetry There are many forms of poetry including the.