Arnold delves Into the World’s history, ending on a note that the world is full of pain, fear and violence. 5. Man and the Natural World, life, consciousness and existence, allusions to Sophocles. – 1. “The Hollow Men” by T. S. Elliot 2. Modern 3. 2 epigraphs/5 sections, each section follows light, darkness, emptiness, spiritual and physical. Free verse 4. Elliot expresses his lose In hope, religion and love within the scarecrows stuck in a moral paralysis. 5. Reflecting post WWW, personal weakness, death/doubt/despair, identity. – 1. “The Wasteland” by T. S. Elliot 3. Blank verse, dramatic monologue, 1 epigraph, poetic diction 4.
Elliot reinforces the psychological and cultural crawls that came with the loss of moral and cultural Identity after WWW. 5. Allusions made to The Bible and Shakespeare, religion, memory and the past, appearances. – 1 . “The Wild Swans at Cole” by William Butler Yeats 3. Iambic pentameter, A-B-C-B-D-D rhyme, couplets, formal/poetic diction. 4. Yeats liberates freedom and expresses the effects of war and change, not Just on himself, but on others around him as well, 5. Freedom, death. 1 . “The Virgins” by Derek Walcott 2. Post-Modern 3. Informal diction, 4. Walcott portrays a place that Is lost to the changes that are happening in the world. . Accepting change, society. 1 . “The Rear-Guard” by Siegfried Swanson 3. A-B-B-C-D rhyme, personification, repetition, alliteration, gothic tone shift. 4. Swanson gives an outlook of a solider during WWW, reflecting and conveying emotions of a solider during the war. 5. War brutality, reflecting WWW, relevance to life. 1 . “Dulcet et Decorum Est” by Wilfred Owen 3. Iambic pentameter, A-B-A-B-C-D rhyme, poetic diction 4. Owen expresses that there’s nothing glorious or honorable about death. Mostly, AR itself. 5. Reality, warfare, patriotism. 1. “A Satirical Elegy on the Death of a Late Famous General” by Jonathan Swift 2.
Restoration 3. A-A-B-B-C-C rhyme, parody/ironic, informal diction. 4. Swift mocks a famous general’s death, applying that once dead you lose all significance in the world. No matter what good or bad you’ve done, death is simply death. 5. The circle of life, accepting death. 1 . “Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night” by Dylan Thomas 2. Modern 3. 6 teeters, A-B-A-B rhyme, formal/poetic diction. 4. Thomas asserts that old men should resist death as strongly as they can. In fact, hey should only leave this world kicking and screaming, furious that they have to die at all.
Later finding out that the poem was really reflecting his father’s death. 5. Wisdom and knowledge, mortality, transience. 1. “And the Moon and the Stars and the World” by Charles Bouzoukis 2. Post-modern 3. Informal diction 4. Bouzoukis expresses the sexism in world, as well as the sensitive topics of domestic violence and abuse. 5. Fascination of madness, the brutality of humans. 1 . “The Sonnet-ballad” by Gondolas Brooks 2. Post-modern 4. Brooks reveals a woman’s perspective from when her lover goes to war, only to see hat the woman makes it seem he went to another woman.
She is on a search for happiness while he is away. 5. Divinity, the reality of war. 1 . “Is/Not” by Margaret Atwood 3. 11 couplets, informal diction, free verse. 4. Atwood speaks about the conflict of love and finding love. 5. Heartbreak, inner- struggle, exploration of love. 3. 6 notes, informal diction, free verse, tone shifts dramatically from Joy to lamentation, assonance, 4. Thomas urges the world to reminisce their past and childhood memories, taking in the blissful nostalgia as much as they can. 5. Youth, happiness, foolishness and folly, the rapid growth of life.