Unfortunately there are people who are born less fortunate than other’s. Some are slower than others, and there are some who pick up.
Sadly some are made fun of because of the condition. This is when mental retardation comes into place. In my report I will be talking about mental retardation and the different kids of Mental Illness. Mental retardation is often thought of a disease ( Mental retardation 1 ).
Disease would be the wrong term. Mental retardation is a term for wide range or conditions ( Mental retardation 1 ). The meaning of mental retardation depends on what society demands of the individual in learning skills, and social responsibility ( Mental retardation 1 ). Mental retardation is most often appeared in children under the age of 18 ( Mental retardation ).Order now
A person is considered mentally retarded if they have an intellectual functioning level below average and significant limitations in two or more adaptive skill areas ( Mental retardation 1 ). The IQ score for mental retardation is below 70-75. Mental retardation occurs in 2. 5-3% of the general population, and about 6-7. 5 million mentally retarded individuals live in the United States alone ( Mental retardation 1 ).
Mentally retarded children learn to walk and talk much later than the general population ( Mental retardation 1 ). The symptoms may appear at birth or later in childhood ( Mental retardation 1 ). About 85% of the mentally retarded population is in the mildly retarded category, their IQ score ranges to 50-75, they often can reach up to a 6th grade level ( Mental retardation 2 ). They can live independently with community and social support ( Mental retardation 2 ). About 10% of the mentally retarded population is considered moderately retarded, with the IQ scores that range from 35-55, they also carry communication skills as a child, they function okay, but need to be with the community in a supervised environment such as a group home ( Mental retardation 2 ). Also about 3-4% of the mentally retarded population is severely retardation with IQ scores of 20-25.
They may be able to develop self-care and communication skills with the support and training, and they need a high level of supervision ( Mental retardation 2 ). People who are mentally retarded often live with family or members of the family. People with the most severe disabilities are often given support and government financial help ( Mental retardation ). People with mental retardation who have no relatives, the state provides and subsidizes care through traditional institutions, state schools, special homes, and nursing homes, programs and intermediate care facilities for the mentally retarded ( Mental retardation 2 ).
Sometimes for elderly parents it becomes to difficult to care for their child, therefore that’s when the role of siblings and other’s come into place. A new study finds that rearrangements at the end of chromosomes represent one of the most common cause of moderate to severe mental retardation ( DNA furnishes tips to mental retardation 1 ). Identified DNA rearrangements often run in families, including the need for genetic screening for children who have mental handicaps unknown of ( DNA furnishes tips to mental retardation 1 ). A study says that changes on chromosome is often occur in children with unexplained mental retardation ( DNA furnishes tips to mental retardation 1 ). Also Also researchers examined chromosome ends in 284 children with moderate to severe unexplained mental retardation ( DNA furnishes tips to mental retardation 1 ).
All living things pass on traits from one generation to the next according to a systematic set of “Blueprints. ” Egg and sperm cells, are formed to carry only one set of 23 different chromosomes that are found in the human body ( Genetics 1 ). Characteristics can only be inherited through genes, and chromosomes. Characteristics are a result of both heredity and environment ( Genetics 1 ). The study of heredity started in the 1800’s ( Genetics 1 ).
Many conditions that can cause severe retardation can be diagnosed during pregnancy, and some cases treatment can lesson or sometimes prevent retardation ( Mental Retardation 2 ). The known causes fall into two main categories, genetic .