Every single proud can be categorized into one of eight word groups, or parts of speech. All eight are listed below, along with a very short definition of each. Click on each Of them to get a more in-depth explanation Of What each one does. Also, sometimes examples help us understand a concept. For this reason, you can also click on “list Of… ” To see examples Of each part Of speech. If you’d rather watch videos to soak up ell Of this information, check Out these English grammar lessons. I’ll teach you, you’ll learn more, and you’ll even enjoy yourself 1. Nouns
Words that name people, places, things, or ideas There are many different types of nouns for you to learn about. A few of them include: proper nouns, common nouns, collective nouns, compound nouns, and many more! List of Nouns This list Of nouns should help you understand nouns a little better. For definitions Of the fallowing noun categories, go to the noun page. Quick Refresher: Nouns are words that name people, places, things, or ideas. Before you look at the list of nouns, it is important to note that nouns will fit into more than one category. For example, the word train is a common, concrete, countable, singular noun.
Noun Type Examples I Common Nouns name people, places or things that are not specific. Man, mountain, state, ocean, country, building, cat, airline Proper Nouns name specific people, places, or things. Walt Disney, Mount Kilimanjaro, Minnesota, Atlantic Ocean, Australia, Empire State Building, Fluffy, Sun Country I Abstract Nouns name nouns that can’t perceive With your five sense. Love, wealth, happiness, pride, fear, religion, belief, history, communication I Concrete Nouns name nouns that you can perceive with your five senses. House. Ocean, Uncle Mike. Bird, photograph, banana, eyes, light, sun, dog, suitcase, flowers
Countable Nouns name nouns that you can count, bed, cat, movie, train, country, book, phone, match, speaker, clock, pen, David, violin I Uncountable Nouns name nouns that you can’t count. I milk, rice, snow, rain, water, food, music I Compound Nouns are made up of two or more words. I tablecloth, eyeglasses, New York, photograph, daughter-in-law, pigtails, sunlight, snowflake I Collective Nouns refer to things or people as a unit. Bunch, audience, flock, team, group, family, band, village Singular Nouns name one person, place, thing, or idea. Cat, sock, ship, hero, monkey, baby, match Plural
Nouns name more than one person, place, thing, or idea. Cats. Socks, ships, heroes, monkeys, babies, matches Proper Nouns and Common Nouns Proper Proper nouns name specific people, places, things, or ideas. Examples: Brittany, Paris, Rover, Mike Since these nouns are naming specific things, they always begin With a capital letter. Sometimes, they contain two or more important words. Examples: Brittany Spears, Central Park Zoo, Pacific Ocean If this is the case, both important words are capitalized, and the Whole thing is still considered to be one proper noun even though it’s made up of more than one word.
How about that? Common Common nouns are the opposite of proper nouns. They are your run of the mill, generic nouns. They name people, places, things or ideas that are not specific. Woman, city, dog, shoe Since these nouns are not naming anything specific, they do not need to start with a capital letter. Collective Nouns Collective nouns refer to groups of people, animals, or things. Examples: audience, band, class, club, crowd, collection, committee family, flock, group, herd, team Example sentences: Our class event to the museum today. The audience clapped Wildly at the end Of the play. Love my stamp collection!
A class is made up of a group of students acting as one whole, an audience is made up Of a group Of people acting as one Whole, and a collection is made up Of a group of things (in this case, stamps) acting as one whole. Singular or Plural? So, what do you think? Are they singular or plural? They name things that come together to act as one group. If you said singular, you’re right! Even though each of these nouns is made up of many people, animals, or things, it names the group as a whole, which means that it is a singular noun. You can make them plural the same way that you make other nouns plural.
Usually, this means adding an or SE at the end of the word. Singular I Plural class classes I crowd crowds I family families flock flocks I 2. Pronouns Words that take the place of nouns Just like nouns, there are many different types of pronouns. Here are a few of them: reflexive pronouns, indefinite pronouns, possessive pronouns, and relative pronouns Reflexive Pronouns game; Intensive Pronouns Reflexive pronouns and intensive pronouns kick the same. Both Of them end in -self or -selves myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself ourselves, yourselves, themselves So, what is the difference between these two pronouns?
Reflexive Pronouns These pronouns are used to refer to the subject of the sentence, They are a necessary part of the sentence. Example: made myself a sandwich. Myself is referring to the subject which is l. Example: My sister and I bought ourselves popcorn at the movie. Ourselves is referring to the subjects which, in this sentence, is the two words sister and I. Notice that these pronouns must be used with an antecedent. An antecedent is the word that a pronoun is referring to, Since these pronouns always refers to the subject of the sentence, their antecedents will always be the subject. Got it? Good!
Now, it’s time for intensive pronouns. Intensive pronouns are used to emphasize another noun or pronoun. That means that they do not need to refer to the subject. They can refer to any Old noun or pronoun in the sentence. Example: made a sandwich for the President himself. The intensive pronoun himself is referring to the noun President which is an object of the preposition. Example: My sister herself paid for my popcorn. Here, the intensive pronoun herself is referring to sister which is the subject of the sentence, Notice that you could take herself out of the sentence, and it loud still make sense.
Since an intensive pronoun is used for emphasis, it is not necessary to the sentence. It does not give us any new information. You could take out an intensive pronoun from a sentence, and the sentence would still make sense, Indefinite pronouns Indefinite pronouns do not rater too definite or specific person or thing. The prefix in- means not, Knowing that can help you remember that they do not refer to something definite. They still fit the definition of a pronoun, though.
That means that they take the place of a noun _ Examples: each, everything, one, everyone, someone, anything OTOH, many, several, few all, most, none, some, much Antecedents? Usually, these pronouns do not have antecedents. (An antecedent is the word that a pronoun refers to. ) Example: Both of the girls ran through the park. Both does not have any word that it is referring back to. So, it has no antecedent. Someone gave me a gift. Someone is not referring to any other word in the sentence. This means that it has no antecedent. But there are exceptions! Here is an example of an indefinite pronoun used with an antecedent.
Notice that the antecedent comes one sentence before the pronoun. Example: The students cheered. Some even threw confetti. The pronoun some is referring to the noun students. This means that students is its antecedent. As Adjectives When these pronouns are used right before nouns, they are actually acting as adjectives, not pronouns. Remember that pronouns take the place of nouns and adjectives describe nouns. Example: Both flowers were lovely. Both is telling us about the subject, flowers. It is not taking the place flowers, it is modifying it Because fifths, it is acting as an adjective.
But we could say… Both of the flowers were lovely. And then, both would be acting as an indefinite pronoun. In this sentence, flowers is acting as the object of the preposition, and both is not modifying it. That means that the pronoun both is the subject, and it has no antecedent. Possessive Pronouns Possessive pronouns show ownership. How good is your vocabulary? Let’s take a little peek into the dictionary… Possess: to have, to own That was short. Knowing that will help you remember what these kinds of pronouns do. Sometimes they are used alone, and sometimes they are used before nouns.
Pronoun Singular Plural I used Alone I mine yours his, hers ours theirs Used Before Nouns my your his, her, its our heir Used Alone Here are the pronouns that can be used alone: mine, yours, his, hers, ours, theirs, whose This cookie is mine. Notice that the word mine is just minding its own business in that sentence. It’s not modifying anything. Else With Nouns (As Adjectives) Here are the pronouns that are used before nouns: my, your, his, her, its, our, their, whose This is my cookie. Now the word my is not minding its own business. It’s not being rude or anything, but it is helping to tell us a little bit more about the noun cookie.
It is modifying a noun, Because of this, you could also say that hose pronouns are adjectives. It’s like they are both pronouns and adjectives. Apostrophes? Don* Do It! People often get confused and think that apostrophes belong in possessive pronouns. It’s not true. Don’t do it! Incorrect: it’s, here’s, ours, theirs, yours Correct: its, hers, ours, theirs, yours Note that the overdo it’s is different from the word its. It’s is a contraction for the two words it is. Its is a possessive pronoun. List Of Pronouns Personal Prosperousness the place of common and proper nouns.
Singular Plural First Person: the person or people speaking or writing me we us I Second Person: the person or people being spoken or written to you I you Third Person: the person, people, or things being spoken or written about I she, her he, him it I they them Relative preposterousness a subordinate clause to the rest of the sentence. I that, which, who, whom, whose, whichever, whoever, whomever I The Nouns and Pronouns Workbook is a 37 page eBook that contains lessons and exercises on nouns and pronouns. Use these lessons, exercises, and the answer key to test your knowledge! Only $10. 00 Demonstrative Pronouncements a thing or things.
I Singular Plural I Refers o things that are nearby I this these I Refers to things that are far away that I those I Indefinite Pronouncements something that is unspecified. Singular I anybody, anyone, anything, each, either, everybody, everyone, everything, neither, nobody, no one, nothing, one, somebody, someone, something I Plural both, few, many, several Singular or Plural all, any, most, none, some Reflexive Pronounced in self or selves. I Singular Plural I First Person: the person or people speaking or writing myself ourselves Second Person: the person or people being spoken or written to yourself yourselves I Third
Person: the person, people, or things being spoken or written about] himself, herself, itself I themselves I Interrogative Pronouns used to ask questions. What, who, which, whom, whose Possessive Pronouns used to show ownership. Singular Plural I used Before Nouns I my his, her, its I our Subject and Object Pronouns used as either the subject or the object in a I Singular Plural I Subject: whom or what the sentence is about sentence. You she, he, it I we they Object: direct objects, indirect objects, objects of prepositions me you her, him, it I us 3.
Verbs Words that show action or a state of being, Linking verbs and helping verbs are describe on the page above. Modals are described here List of Verbs This list of verbs should help you to understand verbs a little better. For a more in-depth look at verbs, see the verb page. Quick Refresher: Verbs are words that show action or state of being. There are three main types of verbs: action verbs, linking verbs, and helping verbs (also called auxiliary verbs). * When you’re done with this list of verbs, check out the little lesson in sentence diagramming at the bottom Of the page!
Action Verbs As their name implies, these verbs show action. Keep in mind that action doesn’t always mean movement. Tail thought about bears. In that example, the verb thought does not show movement, but it is a mental action, and therefore, it is still a verb. There are many, many action verbs. Here is random assortment of some action verbs. Clean cut I drive eat I fly go live I make play read I run shower I sleep smile I stops sweep I swim think I throw trip I walk wash I work write I Linking Verbs These types of verbs link the subject of a sentence with a noun or adjective, Lana became a famous equestrian.
If you count all of the forms of “to be” as one word, there are 13 linking verbs. Memorize these! Corms of be I be, am, is, are, was, were, been, being I Other Linking Verbs appear, become, feel, grow, look, seem, remain, smell, sound, Stay, taste, turn 4. Adjectives Words that describe or modify nouns or pronouns. Examples of Adjectives Use these examples of adjectives to help you understand adjectives a bit better. For more information, see the adjectives page. Quick Refresher: Adjectives are words that describe nouns and pronouns. Roper Adjectives These are formed from proper nouns. They always begin With a capital letter. Proper Noun I Proper Adjective America American Britain British Canada Canadian China Chinese Christianity I Christian France French I Articles There are only three of these special types of adjectives: a, an , and the. Regular Comparatives and Superlatives Most adjectives can be described in degrees. This means that something can have more or less of the adjective’s quality. Regular comparatives end in -err or Start With more. Regular superlatives end in -est.. Or start with most.
Positive Comparative I Superlative I ambitious I more ambitious I most ambitious cold colder I coldest I comfortable I more comfortable most comfortable I rye drier I driest enchanting I more enchanting most enchanting funny funnier funniest I hot hotter I hottest organized I more organized I most organized pretty prettier I prettiest I radiantly more radiant most radiant I sharp sharper sharpest I wavy wavier I waviest I Irregular Comparatives and Superlatives These can still be given in degrees, but they don’t follow the patterns listed above.
Positive I Comparative I Superlative bad worsen worst good better I best little less I least many I more I most Adjectives That Cannot Be Comparative or Superlative Some adjectives don’t have degrees. There is only one level of these adjectives. (For example, something cannot be more half than something else. It either is half, or it isn’t. ) entire fatal final half I main I pregnant I 5.
Adverbs Words that describe or modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs List of Adverbs This list of adverbs should help PU to understand adverbs a little better. For a more in-depth look at adverbs, see the adverb page, Quick Refresher: Adverbs are words that describe – or modify – verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. They tell us how, when, where, to what extent, and why. Adverbs that tell us How?