HIV EssayLike the majority of the American population I have lived in a cloud ofignorance about the HIV and AIDS crisis. I have never know anyone close to methat has been infected with either of the two viruses. So when the option toresearch something to do with sexuality arouse I felt this would definitelyfurther my education about a lethal killer that is roaming this earth. Since Iknew next to nothing about this topic I will start from the begging of thedisease and discuss where it’s at now. The HIV and AIDS disease has been around for awhile although no one hasbeen able to pin point it’s origin.Order now
There are many theories floating around themedical world but the most predominant theory “is that the virus first attackedhumans in Central Africa up to 100 years ago. “(Kelly 524). It is said that thevirus stayed mainly in this closed society until many years later. Many say thedisease spread when international travel began to increase. The HIV and AIDSviruses were believed to arrive in the United States sometime during thenineteen seventies. It was a common disease between gay males and intravenousdrug abusers.
Now it is well known that the viruses have been transmittedthrough sexually, occasionally through blood and organ transplants. The acronym HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, where as theacronym AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. When someone hascontracted the HIV virus in almost all cases it produces the AIDS virus. Apparently there has been a controversy that HIV really isn’t the cause of theAIDS virus, but careful research has proved without a doubt that it is the cause.
Socially the production of the viruses has caused a lot of hate, prejudice,racism and above all homophobia. Many people only talk about the late stages of AIDS but HIV does notalways produce the AIDS virus. If the HIV virus is caught in the early stagesit is possible to get treatment and delay the effects of the AIDS virus. Whenan individual contracts HIV they can expect a fever, swollen glands, andsometimes a rash. As the bodies system tends toward these symptoms the HIVvirus may still be undetectable. This first stage is called primary HIV diseasethen moves onto chronic asymptomatic disease.
With this stage comes a declinein the immune cells and often swollen lymph nodes. As time moves on thedepletion of immune cells increases leaving the body open to opportunisticinfection. This is where normal sickness, disease, and other things in theenvironment are now able to attack the bodies system. This stage is called thechronic symptomatic disease. A very noticeable symptom is a thrush, which “is ayeast infection of the mouth”(Kelly 532). Also at this stage there can beinfections of the skin and also feelings of fatigue, weight loss, diarrhea, etc.
The actual period of the HIV virus really varies from person to person. Normally with in a year or two the serve stages of HIV set in. At this point inthe victims life it is said they have progressed into the AcquiredImmunodeficiency Syndrome(AIDS). This status is established when one or more ofdiseases have accumulated in the effected victims system. Many victims oftenhave lesions appear on their skin or they begin to acquire a pneumocysticpneumonia.
The final stage of the virus attacks the nervous system, “damagingthe brain and the spinal cord. “(Kelly 532). This can lead to a number ofproblems in the body: blindness, depression, loss of body control, loss ofmemory. This can often last for months before the victim finally passes away. Once the HIV virus enters the body it infects the “T” cell theprotectors of the immune system.
Once they have attached to the T cell the HIVmolecule sheds it’s outer coating and then releases the Viral RNA material intothe T cell. RNA and DNA are basically genetic blueprints for the body. Whenthe Viral RNA enters the T cell it begins transforming into the more complexViral DNA. This occurs because the virus brings along an enzyme with it thatcauses the change. Modern medicine uses the drug AZT to put the transformationon hold. After the Viral RNA changes to Viral DNA it then penetrates thenucleus of the T cell.
It connects with the cell DNA and awaits the opportunityto produce more Viral RNA. When the victim comes under stress or infection thecells break and become Viral proteins .