Word Count: 1133 In our history many great things have happened. Wehave been inventing and exploring things since day one. Many of these things that we discovered or invented wethought would never be possible in earth’s life time. But theyexists now, today, they are used by almost every humanbeing and there are many more incredible and unmanageablethings to come and aid us in every day life.
One of the mostinteresting things to me would fall under exploration andinventing. You are about to venture in to the history ofspace and learn how man and mans objects have gottenthere. The exploration in space dates back over 40 years ago,January, 31 of 1958 to be exact. On this date Explorer 1,which was the first U.
S. satellite to be fired in space and itsunknown, to orbit earth. It lifted off from Cape Canaveralusing a modified Jupiter-C rocket called ABMA-JPL. Itcarried a scientific experiment of James A.Order now
Van Allen, anddiscovered the Earth’s radiation belt. Along with defeat andtriumph also come disappointment and failure. In March 5of 1958 Explorer 2 was launched by another Jupiter-Crocket and failed to reach orbit. October 1, 1958 NASAwas founded, taking over existing NationalAdvisory Committee on Aeronautics and only ten days laterU. S.
– IGY space probe was launched to a incredible heightof 70,700 miles. On March 3 of 1959 Pioneer 4, anU. S. -IGY space probe is launched by a Juno II rocket, andachieves an earth-moon trajectory, passing within 37,000miles of the moon. It then fell into a solar orbit, becoming thefirst U.
S. sun orbiter. About a year later Tiros 1 was firedinto earth’s orbit and became the first successful weathersatellite for the United States. Then on August 18 of thesame year, 1960, Discoverer XIV was launched andbecame the first U. S. camera-equipped Corona spy satellite.
On July 14, 1965, They U. S. Mariner 4 returned the firstclose-range images of Mars. The above paragraph explainssome of the earliest satellites, spy satellites, and probes thatwere sent into space to explore the unknown and the;Impossible;. May 5 of 1961 Mercury Freedom 7 carried Alan B.
Shepard, Jr. , who was the first U. S. astronaut in space, in asuborbital flight. This United States’ first manned space flightproject was successfully accomplished in a 4 2/3 year periodof dynamic activity.
During this time they saw more than2,000,000 people from many major government agenciesand much of the aerospace industry and combined theirskills, initiative, and experience into a national effort. Alsoduring this 4 and 2/3 period six other manned space flightswere accomplished as part of a 25-flight program. Thesemanned space flights were accomplished with complete pilotsafety and without change to the basic Mercury concepts. Itwas shown that man can function ably as apilot-engineer-experimenter without undesirable reactions ordeteriorations of normal body functions for periods up to 34hours of weightless flight. And so we continue or fightthrough this . February 20 of 1962 Mercury Friendship 7 lifts off withJohn H.
Glenn, Jr. , who was the first American in orbit, andorbits the Earth three times. In July 31, 1964 U. S. Ranger7 relayed the first close range photographs of the moon. Probably more spectacular than man orbiting earth would bea space walk.
The united state accomplished this in 1965on Jun 3rd. Edward White II made the first U. S. spacewalk from space vehicle Gemini 4. The duration of the spacewalk was 22 minutes, which was the longest up to this date. December 4 of 1965 was a great day.
Gemini 7 waslaunched carrying Frank Borman and James A. Lovell, Jr. ,which made 206 orbits around Earth and proving a trip tothe moon possible. A year later the US does the next bestthing from sending a person to the moon and sent Surveyor1 which was the first U.
S. spacecraft to soft-land on themoon. December 21, 1968 Apollo 8 and its four crewmembers were the first Apollo team to make orbit aroundthe moon, they actually made ten orbits around the moon. July 20, 1969 only 30 years ago Neil Armstrong andEdwin Aldrin, Jr. make the first manned soft landing on themoon.
Not only this they were the first moonwalk and thistrip was made possible because of Apollo 11 mission. Skipping a head a few years we find that on September 3,1976 Viking 2 landed on Mars at the Plain of Utopia,where it .