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    History of Samsung Essay (3057 words)

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    1. Samsung History Unlike other electronic companies Samsung origins were not involving electronics but other products. In 1938 the Samsung’s founder Byung-Chull Lee set up a trade export company in Korea, selling fish, vegetables, and fruit to China. Within a decade Samusng had flour mills and confectionary machines and became a co-operation in 1951. Humble beginnings. From 1958 onwards Samsung began to expand into other industries such as financial, media, chemicals and ship building throughout the 1970’s.

    In 1969, Samsung Electronics was established producing what Samsung is most famous for, Televisions, Mobile Phones (throughout 90’s), Radio’s, Computer components and other electronics devices. 1987 founder and chairman, Byung-Chull Lee passed away and Kun-Hee Lee took over as chairman. In the 1990’s Samsung began to expand globally building factories in the US, Britain, Germany, Thailand, Mexico, Spain and China until 1997. In 1997 nearly all Korean businesses shrunk in size and Samsung was no exception.

    They sold businesses to relieve debt and cut employees down lowering personnel by 50,000. But thanks to the electronic industry they managed to curb this and continue to grow. The history of Samsung and mobile phones stretches back to over 10 years. In 1993 Samsung developed the ‘lightest’ mobile phone of its era. The SCH-800 and it was available on CDMA networks. Then they developed smart phones and a phone combined mp3 player towards the end of the 20th century. To this date Samsung are dedicated to the 3G industry.

    Making video,camera phones at a speed to keep up with consumer demand. Samsung has made steady growth in the mobile industry and are currently second but competitor Nokia is ahead with more than 100% increase in shares. 2. Thinking Global: Samsung’s Growing Success Samsung is one of the world’s largest technology providers. It started out as trading company exporting various products from South Korea to Beijing, China. Founded by Lee Byung-chul in 1938, Samsung gradually developed into the multinational corporation that it is today. The word Samsung means “three stars” in Korean.

    It became the name associated with different types of business establishments in South Korea and in various parts of the world. Internationally, people associate the name with electronics, information technology and development. In 1969, Samsung Electronics was born. From there, the company started acquiring and creating different business establishments including a hospital, paper manufacturing plant, life insurance company, department stores and many others. The company was destined to become a household name starting in its mother country and spanning its reach to many other cities internationally.

    Samsung Electronics started catering to the international market in the seventies kicking off with the corporation’s acquisition of half of Korea Semiconductor which made it the leading electronics manufacturer in the country. The success of Samsung as a technology provider continues to grow through the eighties as Samsung Electronics was merged with Samsung Semiconductors and Telecommunications. This paved the way towards a stronger hold on the international market with high-tech products that will become a staple in every home.

    This development continued on through the next decade as Samsung kept on going beyond its boundaries and restructuring its business plan to accommodate the global scene. Adopting a new form of management proved to be a wise move for the company as its products made their way on the list of top must-haves in their various fields. TV-LCD’s, picture tubes, and other high-tech products became popular acquisitions due to their high quality. When Samsung ventured into the LCD industry in 1993, it became the world’s best.

    The company’s excellent method of quality control is what makes it successful in providing only the best products to the whole world. It applies a “Line Stop” system wherein anybody can stop the process of production in the event that substandard products are discovered. Even when the whole of Korea experienced a terrible economic decline in 1997, Samsung was still able to cope with the changes. While it had its own share of suffering by being forced to restructure the whole corporation and release ten companies under its umbrella, it was still able to stand up and enjoy development.

    To date, Samsung continues to maintain its status as the “world’s best” technology provider. Its highly qualified workforce is still striving for excellence in their respective fields making the whole company a huge success in the making. The secret to the company’s continuous success is in the constant improvement of its management structure and the application of its philosophies: “We will devote our human resources and technology to create superior products and services, thereby contributing to a better global society. ” 3. History- Samsung Group The building of Samsung Sanghoe in Daegu in the 1938s

    In 1938, Lee Byung-chull (1910–1987) of the large landowning family in the Uiryeong county came to the nearby Daegu city and founded Samsung Sanghoe (???? ), a small trading company with forty employees located in Su-dong (now Ingyo-dong). It dealt in green-grocery and dried fish produced in and around the city, and the noodles, Byeolpyo Guksu produced itself. The company prospered and Lee moved its head office to Seoul in 1947. When the Korean War broke out, however, he was forced to leave Seoul and started a sugar refinery in Busan as a name of Cheil Jedang.

    It was the first South Korean sugar manufacturing facility. After the war, in 1954, Lee founded Cheil Mojik and built the plant in Chimsan-dong, Daegu. It was the largest woolen mill ever in the country and the company took on an aspect of a major company. Samsung’s diversified into many areas and Lee sought to establish Samsung as an industry leader in a wide range of enterprises. The company started moving into businesses such as insurance, securities, and retail. South Korean President Park Chung-hee’s regime during the 1960s and 1970s would prove a boon for Samsung.

    Park placed great importance on industrialization, and focused his economic development strategy on a handful of large domestic conglomerates, protecting them from competition and assisting them financially. Samsung was one of these companies. Park banned several foreign companies from selling consumer electronics in South Korea in order to protect Samsung from foreign competition and nurture an electronics manufacturing sector that was in its infancy. In the late 1960s, Samsung Group began the electronics industry.

    It formed several electronics-related divisions, such as Samsung Electronics Devices Co. , Samsung Electro-Mechanics Co. , Samsung Corning Co. , and Samsung Semiconductor & Telecommunications Co. , and made the facility in Suwon. Its first product was a black-and-white television set. In 1980, the company acquired Hanguk Jeonja Tongsin in Gumi, and started to build telecommunication devices. Its early products were switchboards. The facility were developed into the telephone and fax manufacturing systems and became the centre of Samsung’s mobile phone manufacturing.

    They have produced over 800 million mobile phones to date. [11] The company grouped them together under Samsung Electronics Co. , Ltd. in the 1980s. View of the Samsung logo inside the Time Warner Center in New York City. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, Samsung Electronics invested heavily in research and development, investments that were pivotal in pushing the company to the forefront of the global electronics industry. “By the 1980s Samsung was manufacturing, shipping, and selling a wide range of appliances and electronic products throughout the world”.

    In 1982, it built a television assembly plant in Portugal; in 1984, it built a $25 million plant in New York; in 1985, it built a $25 million plant in Tokyo; and in 1987, it built another $25 million facility in England. The 1990s saw Samsung rise as an international corporation. Not only did it acquire a number of businesses abroad, but also began leading the way in certain electronic components. Samsung’s construction branch was awarded a contract to build one of the two Petronas Towers in Malaysia, Taipei 101 in Taiwan and the Burj Khalifa in United Arab Emirates (founded by Callum Cuirtis), which is the tallest structure ever constructed. 12] In 1993 and in order to change the strategy from the imitating cost-leader to the role of a differentiator, Lee Kun-hee, Lee Byung-chull’s successor, sold off ten of Samsung Group’s subsidiaries, downsized the company, and merged other operations to concentrate on three industries: electronics, engineering, and chemicals. In 1996, the Samsung Group reacquired the Sungkyunkwan University foundation. Compared to other major Korean companies, Samsung survived the Asian financial crisis of 1997–98 relatively unharmed.

    However, Samsung Motor, a $5 billion venture was sold to Renault at a significant loss. Additionally, Samsung manufactured a range of aircraft from 1980 to 1990s. The company was founded in 1999 as Korea Aerospace Industries (KAI), the result of merger between then three domestic major Aerospace divisions of Samsung Aerospace, Daewoo Heavy Industries and Hyundai Space and Aircraft Company (HYSA). Korea Aerospace Industries (KAI) – largest shareholders as of 2009 (Korea Development Bank 30. 53%, Samsung Techwin 20. 54%, Doosan (formerly known as Daewoo Heavy Industries) 20. 4%, Hyundai Motor 20. 54%). Samsung Group headquarters at Samsung Town, Seoul. Most importantly, Samsung Electronics (SEC) has since come to dominate the group and the worldwide semiconductor business, even surpassing worldwide leader Intel in investments for the 2005 fiscal year. Samsung’s brand strength has greatly improved in the last few years. [13] Samsung became the largest producer of memory chips in the world in 1992, and is the world’s second-largest chipmaker after Intel (see Worldwide Top 20 Semiconductor Market Share Ranking Year by Year). 14] From 1999 to 2002, Samsung conspired with Hynix Semiconductor, Infineon Technologies, Elpida Memory (Hitachi and NEC) and Micron Technology to fix the prices of DRAM chips sold to American computer makers. In 2005 Samsung agreed to plead guilty and to pay a $300 million fine, the second-largest criminal antitrust fine in the US history. [15][16][17][18] In 1995, it built its first liquid-crystal display screen. Ten years later, Samsung grew to be the world’s largest manufacturer of liquid-crystal display panels. Sony, which had not invested in large-size TFT-LCDs, contacted Samsung to cooperate.

    In 2006, S-LCD was established as a joint venture between Samsung and Sony in order to provide a stable supply of LCD panels for both manufacturers. S-LCD is owned by Samsung (50% plus 1 share) and Sony (50% minus 1 share) and operates its factories and facilities in Tangjung, South Korea. Considered a strong competitor by its rivals, Samsung Electronics expanded production dramatically to become the world’s largest manufacturer of DRAM chips, flash memory, optical storage drives and it aims to double sales and become the top manufacturer of 20 products globally by 2010.

    It is now the world’s leading manufacturer of liquid crystal displays. Samsung Electronics, which saw record profits and revenue in 2004 and 2005, overtook Sony as one of the world’s most popular consumer electronics brands, and is now ranked #19 in the world overall. [19] Behind Nokia, Samsung is the world’s second largest by volume producer of cell phones with a leading market share in the North America and Western Europe. [20] On December 29, 2009, Samsung sued Mike Breen and the Korea Times, for $1 million, claiming criminal defamation over a satirical column published on Christmas Day 2009. 21] [22] Korea Times issued a correction on December 26, 2009 and January 29, 2010 stating “that Korean and overseas readers might be sufficiently misled” and that “the claims made in the column were entirely false and without foundation. “[23] Samsung dropped the charges following the correction and Michael Breen’s apology. In May 2010 the EU antitrust watchdog levied a 145. 73 million euro fine against Samsung for illegally fixing prices with 8 other memory chip makers. [24] Market share at: http://en. wikipedia. rg/wiki/Samsung_Group 4. Samsung – The History When we talk about businesses that have humble beginning, then the history of Samsung can serve as the perfect example. It all started on March 1, 1938 when Byung-Chull Lee, the founding chairman of Samsung initiated a business in Korea with a capital of only 30,000 won. The primary products of what was then Samsung were dried Korean fish, fruits, and vegetables traded from Beijing and Manchuria. For the etymology of Samsung, it has the root words “three stars. ” The business or Mr.

    Lee expanded and it had acquired confectionery machines, increased its sales operations and as we have known at present it has become a global corporation that is now offering various brands, products, around the world. The Samsung Electronics that mainly produces Samsung mobile phones and other mobile phone deals today is similar to the Samsung Company that existed in the 1970s. In the 1970s, the strategic foundations of Samsung became more established when it engaged itself to various investments in petrochemical industries and in 1974 it continued to expand its business as Samsung Shipbuilding Company.

    And then Samsung entered the production of home electronics business apart from the semiconductor manufacturing industry it acquired hereafter. The Samsung Mobile Phones Kick Off It has no doubt that Samsung became diversified when it comes to products and services. However, the breakthrough of Samsung products became sensationalized when it entered once again the telecommunications industry. It has become known for its innovations and was proclaimed as the world’s second largest vendor of mobile phones.

    Though Samsung Electronics has gained corporate affairs in other business areas such as the digital media, the semiconductors, the LCD, and the digital appliance, the telecommunication network business area of Samsung became a record breaker. Samsung has been producing cellular devices that include mobile phones, PDA phones, and the most innovative of them all the Mobile Intelligent Terminals which are considered hybrid devices. Even satellite receivers became a part of Samsung’s telecommunication network. Samsung and its mobile phone deals have successfully laid its foundation in becoming a world class company in the previous years.

    In 2006 alone, it has achieved the following accomplishments for mobile phones production and innovation: o Developed the world’s first ever OneDRAMTM o 10 million sales record breaker in the United States for mobile phones o Introduced the 10M pixel for camera mobile phones o Revealed the fastest HSDPA phone and system in the world o Commenced and completed the manufacturing plant in India for mobile phones The present line up of Samsung mobile phones which comes with excellent mobile phone deals include the most beautiful technology mobiles namely: SGH-E950, SGH-E840, and SGH-J600. he latest luxurious mobile phones introduced in Singapore are known for its stylish designs, innovative and excellent features, that all comes with high-tech multimedia features. The striking designs and uncompromising features, functions, and performances of Samsung mobile phones will continue to rule the mobile phone industry around the world. 5. Brief History of the Samsung Company Samsung is a Korean company that has risen to prominence in many fields over the years. The size and the scope of the company is almost unimaginable, as they are one of the largest and most diverse companies in the world.

    While the company is mostly known for their technology division [cell phones, radios, MP3 players, computer screens, and the like] they have many other divisions as well. The company has expanded from a humble storefront launched in the late 1930s to the largest company in Korea and the second largest company in the world. In addition to the electronics division, which is the most profitable and successful one in the world, the company also has forayed into finance, chemicals, retail, and straight-up entertainment – all with great degrees of uccess. The company employs many of South Korea’s finest employees, including many with PHD level education. This is not surprising, seeing as the company’s assets total somewhere around $300 billion. The company has some of the most loyal employees around and many work every day – that means no holiday time off or weekends — both because they want to and it is expected. The company was once even larger than it is now, but the government, concerned about the power that the company amassed, required the company to drop some of its sub-divisions.

    Because the company is so large and powerful, they have been accused of bankrupting some other companies – or worse, making the market so that other companies don’t stand a chance at the start. They are also very much so the leader in electronic components that other companies use to build products – and as such, can control the market value and inflate prices at will. This is why the government stepped in and attempted to somewhat limit the huge conglomerate’s power and scope. However, it is important to note that the company is responsible for at least 1/5 of the country’s exports.

    As a result, they are in a position of power because of the money they supply to the government. Additionally, their vast number of employees are essential to the country’s economy. The company has been around for quite some time, and although there has been some controversy about their strength and power in South Korea, there is no denying that they benefit the economy greatly by providing jobs, exporting their services, and otherwise doing things that smaller companies would not be equipped to do.

    Samsung is a powerhouse of a company, with many people worldwide using their products, particularly the electronics such as cell phones and MP3 players. It’s not surprising that the company continues to thrive in the ways it does. 6. Samsung History Samsung Group Timeline and History Samsung’s beginnings (1938 ~ 1969) On March 1, 1938, founding chairman Byung-Chull Lee started a business in Taegu, Korea with 30,000 won. At first, Mr. Lee’s little business was primarily in trade export, selling dried Korean fish, vegetables, and fruit to Manchuria and Beijing.

    But in just over a decade, SAMSUNG – meaning literally “three stars” in Korean – would have its own flour mills and confectionery machines, its own manufacturing and sales operations, and ultimately become the roots of the modern global corporation that still bears the same name today. 1969 Dec SAMSUNG-Sanyo Electronics established (Renamed SAMSUNG Electro-Mechanics in March 1975 and merged with SAMSUNG Electronics in March 1977)   Jan SAMSUNG Electronics Manufacturing incorporated (Renamed SAMSUNG Electronics in February 1984) 968 Nov Koryo General Hospital opened (Renamed Kangbuk SAMSUNG Hospital in 1995) 1966 May Joong-Ang Development established (Known today as SAMSUNG Everland) 1965 Oct Saehan Paper Manufacturing acquired (Renamed Chonju Paper Manufacturing in August 1968 and no longer affiliated with SAMSUNG)   Sep SAMSUNG launched Joong-Ang Ilbo newspaper (No longer affiliated with SAMSUNG)   Apr SAMSUNG Foundation of Culture established 1963

    Jul DongBang Life Insurance acquired (Renamed SAMSUNG Life Insurance in July 1989   DongHwa Department Store acquired (Known today as Shinsegae Department Store and no longer affiliated with SAMSUNG) 1958 Feb Ankuk Fire & Marine Insurance acquired (Renamed SAMSUNG Fire & Marine Insurance in October1993) 1954 Sep Cheil Industries Inc. founded 1953 Aug Cheil Sugar Manufacturing Co. founded (Now an independent company and no longer affiliated with SAMSUNG) 1951 Jan SAMSUNG Moolsan established (Known today as SAMSUNG Corporation) 1938 Mar SAMSUNG founded in Taegu, Korea SAMSUNG’s industrial era (1970 ~1979)…

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