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EOC Flashcard Review

Betty Friedan
She was an American feminist, activist and writer, best known her book “The Feminine Mystique” (1963).
CORE
This group was founded in 1942 by Jamee Farmer to coordinate a non-violent resistance movement to Jim Crow laws.
Feminist Movement
This is the movement aimed at equal rights for women.
Flappers
The nickname given to the women of the 1920s who wore their dresses short, their hair shorter, and lived a very active social life.
Great Migration
This was the large movement of African Americans from the Southern U.S. to the Northern U.S. in the early-20th century.
Harlem Renaissance
This was the period during the 1920s of outstanding creativity centered in New York’s black ghetto.
Immigration Act of 1924
The act limited the number of immigrants who could be admitted from any country to 2% of the number of people from that country who were already living in the United States in 1890.
Jazz Age
This is a period during the 1920s when the national attitude was positive and upbeat, and American had money as the stock market soared. Traditional values saw a decline, and Modernism was the cultural focus.
Langston Hughes
He was a prolific African-American poet, novelist and playwright who is best known for his work during the Harlem Renaissance.
Lost Generation
This is a nickname given to a group of American artists and authors who lvied in Paris after World War I.
Nativism
In the late 19th century, this political and social movement swept through the United States, its followers believing that all people who were not born in the U.S. and were of Eurpean heritage should be banned from the country.
Rock and Roll
This type of music became the dominant form of popular music in the 1950s and 1960s.
SCLC
This is a Civil Rights organization that was instrumental in the 60s Civil Rights Movement. Martin Luther King was its first president and it is rooted in nonviolent civil disobedience.
SNCC
This group was formed in 1960 to organize peaceful disobedience to segregation laws throughout the Americna South. They played key roles in organizing the Freedom Rides in 1961 and the famous March on Washington two years later.
Tin Pan Alley
This was the name of the New York City music publishers and songwriters who influenced popular music in the late 19th and early 20th century.
16th Amendment
This amendment, passed in 1913, made the tax on personal income permanent.
17th Amendment
This amendment provided for the direct election of U.S. senators.
18th Amendment
This amendment prohibited the sale and use of alcoholic beverages.
21st Amendment
This amendment passed in 1922 repealed the prohibition of alcohol, the 18th amendment.
22nd Amendment
Limited the number of terms a president can serve; no person can be elected to mroe than two terms.
24th Amendment
This amendment, ratified in 1964, forbids the national and state governments from charging a poll tax in order to vote in any election.
25th Amendment
If the president resigns, dies, or is removed from office, the vice-president shall become president.
26th Amendment
This amendment to the constitution allowed citizens 18 years and older to vote.
Brown Vs Board of Education
This Supreme Court case, decided in 1954 declared that the segregation doctrine of “separate but equal,” was not Constitutional when applied to the public school system.
Carnegie
This Scottish-born American industrialist made his fortune in the steel industry.
Court Packing Bill
This was a bill sponsored by Roosevelt that would have given the President power to appoint an extra Supreme Court Justice for every sitting Justice over 70 1/2.
First Hundred Days
This term refers to initial reforms and changes made by Franklin Roosevelt upon becoming the President and beginning his “New Deal” programs.
Great Society
This is the name given to President Lydon B. Johnson’s domestic programs, among them VISTA, Job Corps, Head Start, the “War on Poverty,” and the Medicare and Medicaid programs.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
This was an agreement in Congress that facilitated an increase of U.S. Involvement in the Vietnam War.
Lobbying
These are actions of an interest group or agents to influence the policy of the governments.
New Deal
These were the programs and policies to promote economic recovery and social reform introduced during the 1930s by President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Teapot Dome
This is the scandal that occurred during the Harding administration when Albert Fall, the Secretary of the Interior, leased oil fields to oil companies and recevied gifts of up to $400,000.
Twenty-Third Amendment
This Amendment gives the resident of the District of Colimbia the right to vote for the president and vice-president.
Vietnam War
This conflict was fought between the Democratic Republic of this country- and its Communist allies- and the Republic of this country and it’s allies, namely the United States.
Watergate
This is the name given to scandal that eventually resulted in the resignation of President Richard Nixon in 1974.
Agricultural Adjustment Act
This law was enacted in 1933 and sought to raise crop prices by encouraging farmers to lower production: farmers were paid by the government to leave a certain amount of land unplanted.
Bank Holiday
This is a term used for emergency bank closure mandated by Congress to relieve financial crises.
Bank Run
This term refers to events that occured during the Great Depression where panicked customers withdrew their deposits in fear that the banks were going to close and their investments would be lost.
Black Tuesday
This is the name given to the day in October of 1929 when the Stock Market crashed.
Bonus Army
During the Great Depression (specifically 1932), this group of verterans protested in Washington, D.C. to reviece their ‘bonus’ for fighting in World War I, though payment was not required until the next decade.
CCC
This was a New Deal program established to relieve unemployment during the Great Depression by providing national conservation work primarily for young unmarried men.
Cold War
This was a name given to the relatiosn between the U.S. and the Soviet Union in the second half of the 20th century which saw the buildup of nuclear arms.
FDIC
This was a federally sponsored corporation which insures deposits in national banks and certain other qualifying financial institutions up to a stated amount.
Franklin Roosevelt
He was the longest-serving president of the United States and the only president elected more than twice.
GI Bills
This is what provided for college or vocational education for WWII verterans as well as one-year of unemployment compensation.
Great Depression
This was a period of global economic crisis that lasted from 1929 to 1939. There was widepsread poverty and high unemployment.
Hawley Smoot Tariff
This 1930 tariff was passed with the foal of protecting the American economy, but in reality it reduced U.S. imports and exports by as much as 50%.
Henry Ford
This was the found of an automobile company and the first person to apply assembly line manufacturing to affordable automobiles.
Hoovervilles
This is the name given to the Depression-era villages, comprised of shacks built with leftover wood, crates, and sheet metal. They were usually havens for disease and represented the desperation of the masses after the collapse of the stock market.
Hydrogen Bomb
This type of weapon uses nuclear fusion to produce a shock and fire wave that is the most destructive man-made force in the world
Interstate Commerce Act
This was a law created in 1887 to regulate railroads to enure fair rates, eliminate rate discrimination, and regulate other aspects of common carriers.
Interstate Commerce Commission
This was a governmental agency formed in 1887 by Grover Cleveland to regulate railroads.
Interstate Highway System
This is a network of highway in the United States created by President Eisenhower.
Laissez Faire
This is a French term which means “allow to do”, relating to the philosophy that government should stay out of the economic markets.
Marshall Plan
Following World War II, this called for giving away billions of dollars in aid to help rebuild war-torn Europe, with the purpose of creating a viable trading partner and post-war allies.
Open Door Policy
This is a U.S. foreign policy that all countries should have equal access with China.
Rosie the Riveter
This was a fictional woman that represented all the women that took manufacturing jobs during WWII to support the war effort.
Sherman Antitrust Act
This law was passed in 1890 in order to limit the power and the formaton fo business monopilies.
Space Race
This was a Cold War competition between the U.S. and Soviet powers for space exploration.
Spanish American War
This was a conflict in which the U.S. gained many island territories, especially Puerto Rico and the Philippines.
Sputnik
This was the name for the Soviet Union;s program of unmanned space objects that were launched in the 1950s. This satellite’s launch in 1957 alarmed the US into speeding up plans for its space program.
Stock Market Crash
This was a famous dramatic loss of value in the shares of stock in corporation that hit the U.S. in 1929.
Victory Garden
This is the Name given to small agricultural plots farmed by American and other Allied families during World War I and World War II.
War Bonds
These were a type of savings bonds used by governments to help fund their war effort.
WPA
Created in 1935 under the New Deal, it aimed to stimulate the economy during the Great Depression and preserve the skills and self-respect of unemployed persons by providing them useful work
15th Amendment
Amendment to the United States Constituition stating: “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”
16th Amendment
This amendment, passed in 1913, made the tax on personal income permanent.
38th Parallel
This line of latitude seperate communist North Korea and the U.S. back Republic of Korea.
Afghanistan
This land-locked country is located between Iran and Pakistan and was ruled for more than two decades by the Taliban.
Al Qaeda
This is a militant extremist group of Sunni Jihadists who have resorted to terrorist activities to reach their aims, including 9/11. They were founded by Osama bin Laden.
Alfred Mahan
Admiral of the U.S. Navy who encourage the United States to build up its military strength
Allied Powers
These were the nations united against the Axis during World War II
American Expeditionary Force
This was the official name for the American military force sent to aid the British and French in 1917.
American Federation of Labor
This was one of the first groups fo labor unions in the United States that later merged with the CIO
Assembly Line
This is a manufacturing process that uses interchangeable parts added in sequence to create a finished product.
Atlanta Compromise
This was the classic statement on race relations by Booker T. Washington, made in a speech at the Atlanta Exposition (1895). He asserted that vocational education, which gave blacks a chance for economic security, was more valuable than social equality or political office.
Atomic Bomb
This was the nuclear weapon used by the U.S. to force Japan to surrender during WWII.
Auschwitz
This is the name given to the Nazi death camp in southwestern Poland that became arguably the most notorious of all the camps, killing apporximately 1 million people from May 1940 to January 1945
Axis
This was the alliance of nations that opposed the Allies in World War II.
Bataan Death March
This Japanese war crime resulted in the deaths of over 11,000 American prisoners as part of the Battle of tthe Phillippines in 1942.
Battle of Britain
This is the name given to the sustained, and ultimately unsuccessful, air attack by the Nazis on England in 1940.
Battle of Midway
This was a WWII naval batte in the Pacific Theater in June of 1942. It was a clear defensive victory for the US against the attacking Japanese and permanently weaked the Japanese Navy.
Battle of the Bulge
This is the name given to the World War II battle between US and Gernman forces in Belgium in late 1944 and early 1945. It was the last attempt by Hitler to break through Allied lines.
Bay of Pigs
This was the unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the Cuban government of Fidel Castro by Cuban exiles. It was funded by the US in 1961.
Berlin Airlift
This was a delivery of supplies in a German city to circumvent the Soviet blockade.
Big Stick Diplomacy
This was Theodore Roosevelt’s foreign policy in Latin American.
Black Panthers
This was a political party founded in Oakland by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale on October 15, 1966, advocating a policy of protecting black neighborhoods from police brutality and supporting social welfare programs in major cities around the country.
Black Power
This is the political slogan associated with the increased sense of racial pride of African Americans in the 1960s and 1970s.
Booker T. Washington
This was a U.S. educator and reformer. He became perhaps the most prominent African American leader of his time.
Bootlegging
This term refers to the illegal Prohibition-era business of making liquor and transporting it using camouflage or stealthy means.
Bull Connor
He was the Public Safety Commissioner of Birmingham, Alabama, in the 1960s, becoming a symbol of bigotry and police burtality when he infamously used fire hoses and police attack dogs against protest marchers.
Charles Lindbergh
He was the first man to pilot the first solo non-stop flight across the Atlantic Ocean in 1927 aboard his airplane, The Spirit of St. Louis.
Chinese Exclusion Act
This law, passed in 1882, forbade any laboreres from China to enter the United States for 10 years.
Civil Rights Act
Signed into law by President Johnson, this bill protected African Americans and women from job discrimination and any discrimination and any discrimination in public places.
Civil Rights Act of 1957
This act, passed during the Eisenhower Administration, sought to protect the voting rights of African Americans, established the federal Commmission on Civil Rights, and established a Civil Rights Division in the Justice Department.
Code Talkers
This term refers to Native Americans who served in the United States Marine Corps during World War II whose job was to encode, transmit, and decode radio messages in the Navajo language.
Committee on Public Information

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EOC Flashcard Review
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Betty Friedan She was an American feminist, activist and writer, best known her book "The Feminine Mystique" (1963). CORE This group was founded in 1942 by Jamee Farmer
2019-01-10 14:19:44
EOC Flashcard Review
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