Creating Human Life Through Genetics Essay
In today’s world, people are learning a great deal in the rapidly growing and developing fields of science and technology. Almost Each day, an individual can see or hear about new discoveries and advances in these fields of study. One very common topic that has been in the news and social talk of all people recently is what us human beings will be able to do through the development of science and technology in the future. The most heated and controversial of these topics that I notice is in the field of genetic testing and engineering in humans. Many people have wondered about whether the manipulation of human cells is somehow contrary to the laws of nature or religion especially in childbirth.
“Genetic testing and gene therapy are at the forefront of medicine’s future, according to experts in the field” (D’Allegro).
There are many reasons why scientists want to learn more on the genetic make-up of humans. Currently, about one-third of the human genetic code has been sequenced through a federally funded effort known as the Human Genome Project, a study run by the National Institute of Health’s Genome Research Institute, to code the entire human genetic map. Scientists are estimating that by 2003, the entire genetic code will be found and then they will be able to test for a wide variety of common disorders. Some of the main disorders the geneticists hope to cure are Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, muscular dystrophy, and diabetes, and by doing the research, they also hope to stumble onto vaccines and other cures for diseases.
One main type of genetic research in humans is the ability to clone.
Scientists first have used this technique to clone body parts for people. This allows the scientists to take the patient’s own genetic make-up and grow a part that he or she may need that will not be rejected by his or her own body. The next step the scientists have taken is in the area of eugenics, which means, “good breeding.” This technique is defined as, “the science of improving the physical and mental qualities of human beings through genetics and cloning.” Scottish geneticists first demonstrated this practice in 1997 with a sheep named Dolly that was produced from a cell of an adult female sheep. From this being the foundation of the research, scientists are hoping that in the future they will be able to better the human race genetically.
Even though there could be many advantages in the field of human genetics, there are many ethical comments and questions raised by all types of people. The main point most scientists try to make is that by performing eugenics, the human race would be unbalanced (D’Allegro). They say that the genetic advances might be reserved only for the wealthy, which then would separate the classes of people even more than they already are today (D’Allegro).
A second main point people raise on this issue is that by manipulating human genes, scientists are playing the role of god. Many people say that human life cannot be “intellectual property” (Fischer). Problems come when some scientists insist that the research be conducted using materials cut from living human embryos (Fischer).
When asked why they perform this procedure, many say, “Because it’s there” (Fischer). This
stirs up much controversy with people that think “creating” humans should be left as god’s job.
After researching the main points and facts from both sides of the issue, I strongly feel that human genetics is wrong. I agree with Mark Nicholls of the Movement Against the Cloning of Humans, which he stated that, “This is a very dangerous science and soon we may not even have control over our own DNA.” I also think that individuals are special because god made every person different, and that by creating a race of people who are all equally talented defeats the purpose of god.
While finding information on human genetics, I found a lot of facts that were never told to the public.
One of these intriguing facts had to do with the cloned sheep named Dolly. It stated that members of the scientific team closely examined Dolly’s chromosomes .