In 1492, Christopher Columbus sailed his first voyage to the Americans and launched the beginning of contact between the Eastern and Western hemispheres, which the historian Alfred Crosby named the beginning of the new modern era of world history as “the Columbian Exchange”. This exchange was a considerably widespread exchange of animals, plants, culture, human populations involving slaves, communicable diseases, and ideas between the Old and New Worlds. The exchange of plants and animals changed the ways of life for the Europeans, Americans, Africans, and Asians allowing the areas to circulate a wide variety of new crops and livestock which supported increases in population in their regions. The Columbian Exchange was one of the most significant events in the history of world ecology, agriculture, and culture.
Jay’s Treaty was a treaty between the United States and Great Britain concluded in 1794, to settle difficulties arising mainly out of violation of the Treaty of Paris of 1783 and to regulate commerce and navigation.
Jay’s Treaty increased trade between the countries and averted another war. Additionally it achieved the primary goals, which included the withdrawal of units of the British Army from the American Revolutionary forts that it had failed to relinquish in the Northwest Territory of the United States. The treaty recognized the sovereignty of the Iroquois, leaving them with their own identity and preventing war with England.
During the Continental Congress of 1787, the United States proposed for the states equal representation in the Senate and representation in the House based on population by the agreement called the “Great Comprom. .s has a two-party system.
One group is the Federalists and the other is the Democratic Republicans. The Federalists were led by John Adams and Alexander Hamilton, who favored business development, a strong national government, and a loose interpretation of the Constitution. The other group was led by Thomas Jefferson, called for a society based upon on small farms, a relatively weak central government, and a strict interpretation of the Constitution. With the results of the election of 1800 having some constitutional implications, The Democratic Republicans chose Jefferson for President and Aaron Burr for Vice President. Because the parties split their ballots for both resulting in a tie and the House of Representatives has to step in and resolve the issue with the Twelfth Amendment ruled that the political parties would nominate one candidate for each office.