The theme of Guy de Maupassant story “The Necklace” seems to
suggested by the line, “What would happened if Mathilde had not lost the
necklace?” During the Guy de Maupassant’s short story “The Necklace”, the
main character, Mathilde Loisel, makes a number of ironic discoveries. The
ironic elements were the results of her expectations and desires were
contrast to her reality and ability. Throughout the story Guy de Maupassant
color the irony by verbal, situational, attitude, and dramatic irony.
Irony is a key element in our lives. It is also important in
Irony is when something happens that is completely opposite
from what is expected. The Necklace of Guy de Maupassant focuses on the
irony of appearances and reality. At the beginning of the story, Madame
Loisel who “was one of those pretty and charming girls who are sometimes,
as if by a mistake of destiny, born in a family of clerks. She has no
dowry, no expectations, no means of being known, understood, loved wedded
by any rich and distinguished man; and she let herself be married to a
little clerk at the Ministry of Public Instruction.” In the opposite site,
in the party held in the Palace of the Ministry, she was the most beautiful
woman. All the men admired her.
And then, for which is called Heroism, she
decided to be a totally different woman. However, her expectations of being
beautiful and belonging to high- class become the worst thing. Or it can be
said that it was the consequence of her owned expectation, which were her
beauty, her charm and her pride.
“Madame Loisel looked old now. She had become the woman of
impoverished households- strong and hard and rough. With frowsy hair,
skirts askew, and red hands, she talked loud while washing the floor
with great swished of water.
But sometimes, when her husband was at
office, she sat down near the window, and she thought of that gay
evening of long ago, of the ball where she had been so beautiful and
Her desire to live a life of luxury consumes her and prevents
her from finding satisfaction with any aspect of her life. “What would have
happened if she had no lost that necklace? Who know? How life is strange
and changeful! How little thing is need for us to be lost or to be saved.”
It is so hard to answer, but for sure that is so painful to experience, to
work hard, to change one’s self to another completely different person.
Because of that, after ten years, it is so ironic since Madame Loisel
realizes that the necklace is a paste one. It could have been different.
could have been better if she had not been borrowed. And she could have
been a Madame. She and her husband were deeply in debt. For ten years they
worked day in and day out until finally the debt was paid off. She put the
new necklace in a box and gave it to her friend. Her friend never looked in
the box, so she did not know the necklace was not the same she let Loisel
That is the irony of the story. It is more dramatic irony when
Madame Loisel believes on getting admired appearance of her by society at
the ball one night. To some certain extant, it represents the society at
that time. It is the society in which people thrive for the luxuries, where
the value of a person was determined by her/his appearance rather than
As de Maupassant explains, “Mr. Loisel possessed eighteen thousand
franks which his father had left him.
He borrowed the rest. He
borrowed it, asking for a thousand francs of one, five hundred of
another, five louts of this one, and three louis of that one. He gave
notes, made ruinous promises, took money of usurers and the whole race
of lenders. He compromised his whole existence, in fact, risked his
signature without even knowing whether he could make it good or not,
and, harassed by anxiety for the future, by the black misery which
surrounded him, and by the prospect of all physical privations and
moral torture, he went to get the new necklace, depositing on the
merchant’s counter thirty-six thousand francs.”
When Mr. and Mrs.
Loisel leave the jewelry store, the jeweler says,
“You will have a lifetime to enjoy these diamonds.” This .