The pronoun and antecedent should agree in number and gender. Indefinite pronouns are an exception to antecedent rules. They are sometimes used when a write or speaker can’t identify a particular mourn Such pronouns don’t always need an antecedent to make sense. EX. ) Somebody left the door open. ;k Singular Pronouns- l, she, her, him, it, its ;k Plural Pronouns- We, our, you, your, they, their * Feminine Pronouns- She, her, hers -k Masculine Pronouns- He, him, his * Neuter Pronouns- a word that’s neither feminine nor masculine (It, its, they, them, their, theirs). 3.
Adjectives- words that describe nouns and pronouns. They tell what one, how many, how much and which kind. Adjectives also indicate colors, shapes, size, what kind, which one, how much and how many. EX. Steve gave us a rotten deal (What Kind). We bought the last car (Which one). Besides the hefty price, it cost us countless headaches (How Much and How Many). Mostly found in front of the noun or pronoun they describe. Common Adjectives- One of the most common-general in nature. EX. )Julia had a bad case to the flu. Roger has a guard dog. Jess is a world-class athlete.Order now
Proper Adjective- One of the most common-formed from a proper noun and requires capitalization. EX. )Julia had the Hong-Kong flu. Demonstrative Adjective- point out specific persons, places and things, This and That are singular-These and those are plural. EX. ) This book was a gift to me. That question surprised us, Please iron these shirts, would like three of those helmets. * Indefinite Adjectives- point out nouns but are less specific. (Each, one, another, many, no, either, some, few, several, any, neither, other, all, both, every). EX_) Some days are warmer than others.
Every employee should do excellent work. Jim told us to use the Other plan. * Interrogative Adjectives- words that ask questions (What, whose, which). These 3 words always modify the noun or pronoun that comes after them. EX. ) What cities are you going to visit? Whose hat do you like best? In which direction is the wind blowing? Possessive Adjectives- words that show ownership-EN-EVER USE AN APOSTROPHE(My, your, his, hers, its, our, your, their). * Article- words that indicate a noun will soon follow-NOT A KIND OF ADJECTIVE- (A, An, The) A woman rode an elephant. The audience applauded. SE an before words beginning with a vowel (AN apple, AN eggplant, AN igloo). Use a before words beginning with a consonant sound (A boy, A dog, A cat). * Three Degrees of Comparison- positive, comparative and superlative * Positive- This is a warm day. * Comparative- Monday was warmer than Tuesday, To form comparative add Superlative- Today is the warmest day wave had in weeks. To form ROR- err. Superlative add -sees or -est… 4. Verbs- a word used to express action (run, jump) or a state to being (be, seem). It tells what the subject is doing or what’s happening to the subject, EX. ) The dogs run and jump.
The people seem happy when they think big. ;k Action Verbs- words that express physical (worried, laughed) or mental action (love, understand). * Linking Verbs- words that don’t express action. They express a state of being and link the subject and another word (am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been Eek) The sky is clearing. I am happy. ;k Helping Verbs- words that show shift in tense, time, mood or tone of the verb whether it’s a command, possibility or wish. EX_) You will go. You may go. You should go. Emma will be swinging her golf club. The tree had been leaning for years.
Josh is working in his garden. Nancy will be representing the company. The verb to be is most commonly used helping verb. When to be is followed by a main verb it’s a helping verb. If to be is the main verb it’s a linking verb. (Am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been, has, have, had, shall, will, can, may, should, would, could, might, must, do, did, does). Helping Verb Example- We Will be leaving for vacation tomorrow. * Linking Verb Example- Next week at this time, we Will be on vacation. * Four Principal Verb Parts * Infinitive- is the to form of the verb (to call. To love, to walk, to hope).