The Metamorphosis of Grendel
The majority of John Gardner’s Grendel revolves around a monster-like character named Grendel. The reader is allowed access to Grendel’s subconscious and inner monologue, giving one the sense of a very close relationship with the main character. This tends to beguile one into sympathizing with him and thinking of him as a protagonist because historically in literature the main character of a novel has always been the “good guy.” However, he proves himself to be very much the anti-hero in the novel many times over. Grendel’s social contact with the world is extremely limited, but his persona is greatly influenced by each brief encounter with another character.Order now
The first major influential character Grendel encounters is The Shaper, a blind old wise man. The first mention of him is in Chapter 1 when Grendel is attacking Herorot. While all the town’s men, women and children are frozen in awe and horror, The Shaper is able to think quickly and jump out the window of the building he was in and run away. Grendel admires him for his ability to think and act quickly, as well as for possessing vast knowledge he can only dream of ever acquiring. Grendel wishes he had the mind of the Shaper and begins to feel jealous, so he subconsciously tries to become more like him. The Shaper’s songs teach Grendel a lot about the humans in the surrounding regions and how they think and live.
Everyone loves and respects him, which makes Grendel want to be like him even more. As he realizes the Shaper’s popularity and goodness, he begins to realize why people don’t like him. Grendel spends a lot of time thinking and realizes the flaws in his character, subconsciously deciding that he doesn’t really care if the humans hate him because he isn’t a human and doesn’t have to live by the same standards or expectations as they do. He was born a monster, and as a monster he has a job to do: to “frustrate all established order” and terrorize the humans.
In Chapter 5, we meet the Dragon for the first time. Prior to seeing the Dragon, Grendel’s mother was the only thing he had seen that was more powerful than him.
Grendel was so scared at the site of the huge beast he could barely even speak. The Dragon is also incredibly smart, and when he starts reading Grendel’s mind he becomes even more afraid. This fear is something Grendel has rarely, if ever felt before, and it makes him realize he is not the most fearsome creature to ever walk the planet. He tells Grendel that his sole purpose in life is to frustrate all established order and basically exist as the enemy of all humans. He further explains that humans are constantly trying to get rid of all “evil” and if there was no evil there would be no balance in the universe. Also, he tells him he is the reason humans create art, poetry, science and religion, and that without him mankind would probably be much less advanced.
This helps Grendel to cast out any doubts he had about the morality of murdering humans and gives him a reason to kill other than self-satisfaction and sport.
Although Grendel loved his mother, he was extremely annoyed by her overprotectiveness at times. She is constantly trying to keep him from leaving the cave throughout the novel and when she hugs him she squeezes so hard it hurts him and he has to struggle to get out of her grasp. In Chapter 2 he views her as a fat, lazy, stupid brute who can’t speak English, unlike Grendel. As she becomes more protective of him, he alienates her more and treats her as more of an animal than a human. He realizes she is exactly what he does not want to become, and so he starts trying to spend less and less time with her and becomes increasingly human-like.
He becomes more independent as he looks less to his mother for advice and more into himself and his own thoughts. He frequently sinks into his subconscious .