The South ? low immigration, huge income disparity, replicated Medieval EuropeA. Cotton Kingdom ? 1788 ? South dying, overworked land, unmarketable productsa.
Slavery increased ? Eli Whitney ? Cotton Gini. Increased labor also improved Northern shipping industryb. ? cotton in world from the South, England 75% from Southi. England economy depended on Southern cottonB.
Planter Aristocracy ? ?cottonocracy? ? oligarchy ? few control manya. Biggest planters controlled social, political, economic lifeb. Received finest education ? statesmen who served publici. Public education suffersc.
Women bought into system ? controlled householdsC. Poor whites ? accepted system, dream of moving up, needed racial superiorityD. Scotch Irish ? Appalachian Mountains ? ?white trash? ? civilization ignoredE. Nature of Slaverya. One 20th century view ? slavery ending, owners paternalistic, blacks naturally inferior ? need to be taken care of1. Not true ? economically still expanding, not dying2.
1954 Slavery compares to concentration camps3. Paternalistic ? selfish method just to get more labor4. Slaves fake ?Sambo? laziness as method of coping/rebelb. Black women must balance as white caregiver, laborer, family anchorThe North ? industry, manufacturing, heavy immigration ? urbanizedA. Immigration ? 95% came to the Northa. Irish ? NY/Boston ? low skilled labor ? left due to potato famineb.
German ? left due to crop failures, democracy failure of 1848 revolution1. Midwest ? contributed – gave US literature, kindergarten, Xmas treeThe West ? young attracted, adventurous opportunities ? life actually sucksA.Gradually destroyed land ? overworked, just moved on ? pushed out Indians, animalsB.Frontier ? belief that you can always start out fresh out WestC.More equality for women, supply and demand, they can leave if not treated properlyD.Squatters ? simply move to land, build house, claim property ? hard to kick off