Tourists generally are the greatest consumers of resources, so this canlead to conflicts with both the environment and with the local people,whose lives are being altered.
Most of these problems occur in both thedeveloping world and the developed world, so tourism can cause the wholeworld to suffer, but some areas suffer worse than others. Tourism can giveeconomic benefits, and even environmental benefits, when managed, such asthrough conservation of sites and infrastructure, but there are alwaysproblems. There is only one way to try to achieve a balance and that isthrough sustainable tourism. This tries to maintain all the attractivequalities of a site, including its environment, character and economicqualities. If this can be achieved, then the future looks bright fortourism.
Bad effects examples:1. Many countries with coral have found that tourists can destroy this, by both stealing of it for souvenirs and just touching it, which kills it. This has occurred in Kuta, Bali where it was found that the coral population was diminishing due to the impacts of tourism. Fossilised coral can be used for building purposes and so areas such as off the coast of Tanzania, have had serious problems with coral mining. 2. Dynamite fishing has also been a problem in this area, as this is now illegal, however this is due to the huge ecological impact: almost all organisms within 15 metres of the blast are killed.
Seaweed farming, it is thought, could lead to biodiversity loss through the creation of monoculture communities. Show with appropriate examples how the rapid growth of tourism can causeserious problems of environhttp://www. courseworkbank. co.
uk/coursework/show_appropriate_examples_the_rapid_growth_tourism_can_cause_serious_problems_environ_2288/Good effects:1. Tourism can generate many benefits, such as employment and income, aswell as infrastructure improvement. In some countries, tourism can beimportant as it may provide a way to maintain a level of economic activitysufficient to prevent migration of people from underdeveloped regions tomore developed areas. This can be seen in Indonesia, where many people havemigrated from the islands, such as Sumatra, whereas the development oftourism on Bali, has meant people have not migrated to Java and Jakarta. What effects does Human Activity have on Coastal LandformsHuman activities add another layer of complexity to the natural processesof coastal lands and materials.
These activities may have direct orindirect effects on our changing coastlines. They may effect sources of newsediment to the coast and the movement of sediment within the coastalenvironment. Bad effects:3. Sediment starvation caused by river and coastal management is one effectof human activities on the coast.
The coasts lack new material so erode andmove inland. For instance damming of the tributary rivers to theMississippi River over the past 60 years has reduced the movement ofsediment. Studies in recent years have demonstrated that the amount ofsediment carried by the Mississippi has been cut in half, aggravating thedeterioration of Louisiana’s wetlands. 4. Human leisure activities such as rambling, horseracing and using offroad vehicles on sand dunes, compact the sand, destroying plant roots andanimal burrows.
This leaves the sand dunes more susceptible to erosioncausing blowouts and disrupting the succession of vegetation in the area. This has been a problem at Studland Bay in Dorset on the south coast ofEngland. http://www. courseworkbank. co. uk/coursework/effects_does_human_activity_have_on_coastal_landforms_3187/5.
Growth in the use of jet-skis, wet bikes and water scooters, genericallyreferred to as personal watercraft (PWC), has been spectacular. In Florida,significant numbers of manatees are struck by small vessels, including PWC,each year (O’Shea, 1995). The noise from PWC may also drive nesting birdsaway from breeding areas ( Cuthbert and Suman, 1995) P46,47. booooook. 6.
Freshwater showers installed for tourist convenience on the shore areresulting in higher than normal levels of freshwater run-off, altering thecomposition of the near-shore salinity. Many now consider Hanauma to benothing more than a ‘sacrifice area’- a location where the mass touristscan be channeled to concentrate their negative effects, thereby reducingthe pressure on other bays and beaches on the island of Oahu. P61, 62Social culture effects:Bad effects:1. tourism in the Caribbean blamed for changing the resident population’s ethics and general outlook on life. A transition away fromold traditional values to a ‘western-style materialism’ is often cited as an example of this.
P65—-boook2. the social- cultural impact is incresase in prostitution and crime. (Mathieson and Wal, 1982). In Antigua ‘beach boys’ operate on island beaches looking for estern women in seaerch of local boyfriends. Payment for their ‘services’ usually takes the form of meals out in restaurants, clothes and other material goods, as well as money (Pattullo, 1996) p663.
Tourism has created a demand for drugs, which are supplied by local dealers; and drug traffickers often use tourism to mask their activities (Johnston, 1990a). p66bHow to solve the problems in ME: