With the age of constant industrial and technological growth has come the necessity for not only cost effective and efficient methods for industry, but also the need for obtaining fuel for the machines that make the modern world possible. Oil has become as precious a commodity as gold, if not more so; its attainments constantly driving the world’s largest businesses and governments across the world into action. Naturally, a “quick-fix” solution to this problem is constantly sought after by oil companies wishing to provide oil on a massive scale. One of these drilling methods is known as induced hydraulic fracturing (also known as fracking).Order now
Fracking is a process in which a drill is inserted into a shale, which is a cracked surface, usually rock or clay, under which oil is expected or estimated to lie.
The drill then blasts the underground well with large amounts of a liquid, usually water with added chemicals for fluidity. The fracturing occurs within the ground and/or rock formation when the water pressure is applied and veins are created for oil to flow through freely. Whereas a typical oil rig can only pump for oil vertically, many companies that induce fracturing will drill vertically as well, creating more possibilities for the procurement of natural gas and oil. The first instance of the processes’s use was in Barnett, TX, in the Barnett Shale, and has been going on for over 50 years with what some would say has been spotty government regulation, and which others would say has been too much or unwarranted in the instances in which it has occurred.
As Hannah Wiseman put it in her editorial “Untested Waters: The Rise of Hydraulic Fracturing in Oil and Gas Production and the Need to Revisit Regulation”, over time, i. .
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