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Antonym analogies Essay

Antonyms have long been favourites of the readers of Word Ways, either as themselves (ODD–EVEN) or in disguise. In the latter case, they may be hidden in other word pairs such as in FATE–THINE, SHIN–SHOUT and BANDED–BORED where they occur at the beginnings, ends and in the middles of the word pairs respectively, the other letters remaining the same. In the August 1994 Kickshaws (page 169), Dave Morice listed 24 such word pairs in an item entitled Letter-Addition Opposites. Now I offer further examples and also extend the concept to include pairs of words in which the antonyms are split, appearing in 2 places in each of the two words, the other letters always remaining the same.

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My list includes both antonyms and near-antonyms. Most of them can be found in Chambers Dictionary of Synonyms and Antonyms ed. Martin H. Manser, 1993.

Excluding certain proper names, most of the word pairs can be found in the Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition. w2 = Webster’s Second Edition.

Those examples which appear in WW94169 are asterisked*.

EXCHANGING BEGINNINGS

alls (also)–nones

alteration–fixation

asker–teller (one who counts money)

bagde–Goodge (a name)

bane–licensee

barter–letter

bested (placed)–worsted (a fine, smooth yarn)

binds–frees (frieze)

boomed (what the foghorn did)–slumped (in chair)

bottomed (having;a bottom)–toped (toppled or fell over)

boyling (boiling)–girling (a young salmon)

breadwort (the knot grass)–waterwort (plants of genus Elatine)

breaker (a small keg or flask–on a boat)–mender

burdener–rider

calmer–dinner

calming–wilding (a crab-apple tree or Michael)

clearing–fainting

Cleary (a name)–dully

closely–startly (apt to start, jump)

comet–got*

covered–striped

dayly (dally)–nightly

dived–soard (sward)

dressed – striped

Easter–wester (wind–w2)

ebber (manifest, unconcealed)–flower

emptying–fulling (the process of cleansing and thickening cloth by beating and washing)

EXCHANGING ENDS

Ada (a name)–adzed (cut with an adze)

farm–fleg (a fright, scare)

neart (be)–nescience

rebless–recurse (to recur)

scenter–sedge

scold–sheat (a pig under one year old)

scold–swarm

scool (school)–swarm

Adie (a name)–alive

undies (under garments)–unlives (deprives of life)

redress (reparation of a wrong)–restrip (w2)

bedrop (to drop upon, cover or wet with drops)–behold

pearly–plate*

uneasy–unhard (soft)

miseasy (miserably)–mistrying (trying wrongly)

upend (to set something on its end)–upstart (someone who has suddenly risen in importance)

center–cleave

seven–slumpy

sever–snever (narrow)

infall (material that falls or has fallen)–inrise (to rise in opposition)

forefeet (the front feet of a quadruped)–forehands (shots in tennis)

afind (to find out)–alose (a fish)

afoot (astir)–ahead

refresh–retired

unfriendly–unreserved (not put to one side)

forgive (to pardon)–fortake (to take away)

shave–slack

shere (share)–sthere (steer = a young ox)

chers (cheers)–chis (fastidious)

phot (a unit in physics = one lux maintained for one second)–picy (a manoeuvre in piquet)

sill–swell*

spinner–spouter

clad–class

landlady (runs a Bed and Breakfast)–landman (a countryman, peasant)

Roland (a name)–rosea (plant species name)

flax–frigid

underlay (for carpet)–understood

cleave–clinger

sleave (sleeve)–stake

slender–sower

underlie–understand

overlie–overtruth (a statement in excess of the truth)

clinger–crush

sloath (sloth)–swilling

alose (a fish)–awin (to win)

slow–stall

blower–braise

slower–supper

slowest–stop

Romany–roone (roan)

remiss–reobserve

ostomy (type of operation)–ostoyour (soldier)

smyth (smite v.; also a surname)–struth (strewth)

gnew (past tense of gnaw)–gold

snippy–swarm

doff–don* (themselves antonyms)

Dover–dunder (the dregs of cane juice used in the West Indies in the fermentation of rum)

groover–grounder

apeace (appease)–Awar (a member of the people of the North Caucasus)

repure (to purify again)–revile (to use abusive language)

squeer (squire)–swell

unrest (disturbance)–unwork (to undo or detach from something)

trough–twell (till)

ALL POSSIBLE EXCHANGES

The same pair of antonyms may occur in different places in different pairs of words, specifically at the beginning, the end or in the middle of words. Alternatively, the antonyms may be split and appear in two, corresponding, separate places in each word. Below, each different pair of antonyms appears in at least 3 of the 4 columns.

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ADDITIONAL SPLITS

Here are some more examples of split antonym exchanges:

(a) Beginning and End

chame (a fissure)–whent (quaint)

drey (a squirrel’s nest)–weet (to know)

easily–tensile

hale–shale

heard–trail

loess–Moore (a name)

louse–mauke (maggot)

pumill (pommel)–pumish (pumice)

rinse–snag

shafe (sheaf)–wheak (a squeak or whine) … weak in the sense of unguarded

trender (a wool winder)–trough

theorem–uores (journeys)

treuce (truce)–wear

(b) Beginning and Middle

flinder (to break into fiinders or pieces)–sleeker

fletcher (an arrow-maker)–slender

(c) Middle and End

ranted–roter (one who repeats by rote)

minn (type of old Irish ornament)–mount

(d) Beginning, Middle and End

Here is a 3-way split pair of antonyms (‘these’ and ‘those’):

threstle (trestle)–throstle (a thrush)

ALTERNATIVE SPLITS

The 2 words FARER (traveller) and NEARER offer a choice of 2 positions for the antonyms FAR and NEAR: FARER–NEARER and FARER–NEARER.

There are, however, 2 words which go one stage further, offering a choice of 3 positions for the antonyms MAS (several mothers) and PAS (several fathers):

MASSES–PASSES

MASSES–PASSES

MASSES–PASSES

Both the above examples owe their existence to the presence in the words of repeated letters, R and S respectively.

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Antonym analogies Essay
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Antonyms have long been favourites of the readers of Word Ways, either as themselves (ODD--EVEN) or in disguise. In the latter case, they may be hidden in other word pairs such as in FATE--THINE, SHIN--SHOUT and BANDED--BORED where they occur at the beginnings, ends and in the middles of the word pairs respectively, the other letters remaining the same. In the August 1994 Kickshaws (page 169), Dave Morice listed 24 such word pairs in an item entitled Letter-Addition Opposites. Now I offer furthe
2018-10-21 07:19:36
Antonym analogies Essay
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