In A Raisin in the Sun, Hansberry portraysobstacles that the Younger family and other AfricanAmericans had to face and over come during the post WorldWar 2 era. Obstacles that had to be over come by theYoungers were economical, moral, social, and racistobstacles. Lorraine Hansberry, the author of the play hadto face one of these as well growing up. Born in Chicago on the south side in an all blackneighborhood, Lorraine Hansberry and her family had to dealwith segregation.
Moving to a white neighborhood inChicago, her family had to deal with threats of violenceand legal action. Her father defended the case successfullyall the way to the Supreme Court. (sparknotes1) Her parentswere well known in national black culture and politicalcircles, which probably sparked her to latter become areporter and editor for the Freedom, a black newspaper inHansberry relates her life situations through herplay by having the Younger family deal with a similarcircumstance. In the play Lena Younger or better known asmama, receives a 10,000-dollar check because her husbandhad past away.
She decides to buy a house in ClybournePark, which is an all white neighborhood. After finding outa black family is moving to Clybourne the so-calledOrganization Committee sends out a Mr. Lindner to welcomethe Youngers. He doesnt do much welcoming but rather trysto discourage them and make them back out of their plans onThe four main characters in the play all deal withother obstacles as well. The other main obstacles areeconomical, social, and moral. Lena Younger or mama, is thehead of the household.
She works in other peoples kitchensas a cook. She probably works for very little but she putsher daughter through college. Im sure she would rather notbe working for someone basically as a slave or for verylittle money but she accepts her job because of the timeperiod that she was raised in. In my time we was worriedabout not being lynched and getting to the north if wecould and how to stay alive and still have a pinch ofWalter Younger is the son of Lena. He is achauffeur for a rich white guy.
He dislikes his job, andwants to buy a liquor store, with the 10,000 dollars hismother is collecting. He thinks if all black people triedthere own thing like opening a liquor store then theyRuth Younger is Walters wife; they have 1 childnamed Travis. Ruth does the same work as Lena does. I thinkRuth probably dislikes it more then Lena because of theages, but Ruth accepts it because she knows their poor andBeneatha Younger is the daughter of Lena. She is astraight edge type. Shes the only one in the Youngerfamily to go to college, and she shows it to with hereducated speech.
She talks a lot about her heritage and howevery one should know about where they came from. Economically in the play Beneatha has to deal with the loseof her school money that her brother loses. He puts it inthe trust of one of his friends hoping to start the liquorstore, but his friend runs and her medical school money isLoraine Hansberrys A Raisin in the Sun dealt withreal life conflicts that were truly happening at the timeshe lived in. She didnt write the play to grab any one,especially white peoples attention, but to educateeveryone on what was happening in the segregated areas.Bibliography: