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Physics Practice Problems

-,+
An elevator is moving downward when someone presses the emergency stop button. The elevator comes to rest a short time later. Give the signs for the velocity and the acceleration of the elevator after the button has been pressed but before the elevator has stopped.
+,-
A child throws a baseball directly upward. What are the signs of the velocity and acceleration of the ball immediately after the ball leaves the child’s hand?
0,-
A child throws a baseball directly upward. What are the signs of the velocity and acceleration of the ball at the very top of the ball’s motion (i.e., the point of maximum height)?
direction
Velocity differs from speed in that velocity indicates a particle’s __________ of motion.
vector
Unlike speed, velocity is a __________ quantity.
magnitude
A vector has, by definition, both __________ and direction.
coordinates
Once you have selected a coordinate system, you can express a two-dimensional vector using a pair of quantities known collectively as __________.
distance
Speed differs from velocity in the same way that __________ differs from displacement.
coordinates, displacement
Consider a physical situation in which a particle moves from point A to point B. This process is described from two coordinate systems that are identical except that they have different origins.
The __________ of the particle at point A differ(s) as expressed in one coordinate system compared to the other, but the __________ from A to B is/are the same as expressed in both coordinate systems.
1. Vector
2. Vector
3. Vector
4. Scalar
6. Vector
6. Vector
7. Scalar
Identify as scalar or vector quantity:
1. Position
2. Velocity
3. Displacement
4. Speed
5. Acceleration
6. Average velocity
7. Distance
b. 1.0 s
The student drops one cannonball, and exactly 1.0 s later drops the other cannonball from the same height. What is the time interval between the first cannonball striking the ground and the second cannonball striking the ground?
a. Less than 1.0 s
b. 1.0 s
c. Greater than 1.0 s
d. Cannot be determined
c. Greater than 1.0 s
The student drops one cannonball, and after it has fallen exactly 1.0 m drops the other cannonball from the same initial height. What is the distance between the cannonballs when the first cannonball strikes the ground?
a. Less than 1.0 s
b. 1.0 s
c. Greater than 1.0 s
d. Cannot be determined
a. 0 m/s
The student throws one cannonball directly upward at 5.0 m/s and simultaneously throws the other cannonball directly downward at 5.0 m/s.
a. 0 m/s
b. Between 0 m/s and 10 m/s
c. 10 m/s
d. Greater than 10 m/s
e. Cannot be determined
a. – x direction decreasing in speed
In which of the following cases does a car have a negative velocity and a positive acceleration? A car that is traveling in the
a. – x direction decreasing in speed
b. + x direction decreasing in speed
c. – x direction at a constant 20 m/s
d. – x direction increasing in speed
e. + x direction increasing in speed
d. The object will slow down, momentarily stopping, then pick up speed moving to the left.
At time t=0 an object is traveling to the right along the +x axis at a speed of 10.0 m/s with acceleration -2.0 m/s^2. Which statement is true?
a. The object will continue to move to the right, slowing down but never coming to a complete stop.
b. The object cannot have a negative acceleration and be moving to the right.
c. The object will slow down, eventually coming to a complete stop.
d. The object will slow down, momentarily stopping, then pick up speed moving to the left.
e. v = 0, a = 9.8 m/s^2 down
A ball is thrown straight up. What are the velocity and acceleration of the ball at the highest point in its path?
a. v = 0, a = 0
b. v = 9.8 m/s up, a = 0
c. v = 0, a = 9.8 m/s^2 up
d. v = 9.8 m/s down, a = 0
e. v = 0, a = 9.8 m/s^2 down
d. Both increase at the same rate
You drop a rock off a bridge. When the rock has fallen 4 m, you drop a second rock. As the two rocks continue to fall, what happens to their velocities?
a. The velocity of the 1st rock increases faster than the velocity of the second.
b. The velocity of the second rock increases faster than the velocity of the first
c. Both velocities stay constant
d. Both increase at the same rate.
b. Less than 40 km/hr
You drive 4 km at 30 km/h and then another 4 km at 50 km/h. What is your average speed for the whole 8-km trip?
a. More than 40 km/hr
b. Less than 40 km/hr
c. Equal to 40 km/hr
d. Not enough info
d. The acceleration of both balls is the same.
A ball is dropped from the top of a tall building. At the same instant, a second ball is thrown upward from the ground level. When the two balls pass one another, one on the way up, the other on the way down, compare the magnitudes of their acceleration:
a. The acceleration of the dropped ball is greater.
b. The acceleration changes during the motion, so you can’t predict the exact value when the 2 balls pass each other.
c. The accelerations are in opposite directions.
d. The acceleration of both balls is the same.
e. The acceleration of the ball thrown upward is greater
c and d
A ball is thrown downward at a speed of 20 m/s. Choosing the +y axis pointing up and neglecting air resistance, which equation(s) could be used to solve for other variables? The acceleration due to gravity is g = 9.8 m/s2 downward. Check all that apply.
a. 20 m/s = (v+v0)/2
b. v = (20 m/s) – gt
c. v^2 = (-20 m/s)^2 – 2g(y-y0)
d. y = y0 + (-20 m/s)t – (1/2)gt^2
e. All of the above
3.1, 3.2
Adding and Subtracting Vectors Conceptual Questions
Type: 3.1, 3.2
b. Align the hypotenuse of a right triangle with the vector and an adjacent side along a coordinate direction with ? as the included angle.
Choose the correct procedure for determining the components of a vector in a given coordinate system from the following list.
a. Align the adjacent side of a right triangle with the vector and the hypotenuse along a coordinate direction with ? as the included angle.
b. Align the hypotenuse of a right triangle with the vector and an adjacent side along a coordinate direction with ? as the included angle.
c. Align the opposite side of a right triangle with the vector and the hypotenuse along a coordinate direction with ? as the included angle.
d. Align the hypotenuse of a right triangle with the vector and the opposite side along a coordinate direction with ? as the included angle
c. 37
You are adding vectors of length 20 and 40 units. Which of the following choices is a possible resultant magnitude?
a. 0
b. 18
c. 37
d. 64
e. 100
a. less than or equal to the magnitude of the vector
The magnitude of a component of a vector must be
a. less than or equal to the magnitude of the vector
b. equal to the magnitude of the vector
c. greater than or equal to the magnitude of the vector
d. less than, equal to, or greater than the magnitude of the vector
a. as soon as it leaves the barrel
A bullet fired from a rifle begins to fall
a. as soon as it leaves the barrel
b. after air friction reduces its speed
c. not at all if air resistance is ignored
b. directly down
A baseball player hits a ball that soars high into the air. After the ball has left the bat, and while it is traveling upward, what is the direction of acceleration.
a. angled upward in the direction of motion
b. directly down
c. angled down in the opposite direction of motion
b. the thrown ball
One ball is dropped vertically from a window. At the same instant, a second ball is thrown horizontally from the same window. Which ball has the greater speed at ground level?
a. The dropped ball
b. The thrown ball
c. Neither – they both have the same speed on impact
d. It depends on how hard the ball was thrown.
3 kicks that land at varying distances but reach the same maximum height are all in the air for the same amount of time.
*** MCQ 3.08 ***
c. the magnitude of the velocity is slowest
A baseball is hit high and far. Which of the following statements is true? At the highest point,
a. the magnitude of the acceleration is 0
b. the magnitude of the velocity is 0
c. the magnitude of the velocity is slowest
d. more than 1 of the above is true
e. none of the above
a. The bullet will hit the monkey because both the monkey and the bullet are falling downward at the same rate due to gravity.
A hunter is aiming horizontally at a monkey who is sitting in a tree. The monkey is so terrified when it sees the gun that it falls off the tree. At that very instant, the hunter pulls the trigger. What will happen?
a. The bullet will hit the monkey because both the monkey and the bullet are falling downward at the same rate due to gravity.
b. The bullet will miss the monkey because the monkey falls down while the bullet speeds straightforward.
c. It depends on how far the hunter is from the monkey.
d. The bullet will miss the monkey because although both the monkey and the bullet are falling downward due to gravity, the monkey is falling faster.
b, e
Which statements are not valid for a projectile? Take up as positive. Check all that apply.
a. The projectile has the same x velocity at any point on its path.
b. The acceleration of the projectile is positive and decreasing when the projectile is moving upwards, zero at the top, and increasingly negative as the projectile descends.
c. The acceleration of the projectile is a constant negative value.
d. The y component of the velocity of the projectile is zero at the highest point of the projectile’s path.
e. The velocity at the highest point is zero.
c. the net force applied to the car is 0
If a car is moving to the left with constant velocity, one can conclude that
a. there must be no forces applied to the car
b. the net force applied to the car is directed to the left
c. the net force applied to the car is 0
d. there is exactly one force applied to the car
b. the net force acting on it is 0
An object cannot remain at rest unless
a. there are no forces at all acting on it
b. the net force acting on it is 0
c. the net force acting on it is constant
d. there is only 1 force acting on it
c. the net force acting on it is constant in magnitude and direction
An object will have constant acceleration if
(Select the most general response)
a. there are no forces at all acting on it
b. the net force acting on it is 0
c. the net force acting on it is constant in magnitude and direction
d. there is only 1 force acting on it
a. The net force acting on it is zero.
An object cannot remain at rest unless which of the following holds?
a. The net force acting on it is zero.
b. The net force acting on it is constant and nonzero.
c. There are no forces at all acting on it.
d. There is only one force acting on it.
c. The net force applied to the block is zero.
If a block is moving to the left at a constant velocity, what can one conclude?
a. There is exactly one force applied to the block.
b. The net force applied to the block is directed to the left.
c. The net force applied to the block is zero.
d. There must be no forces at all applied to the block.
d. It could be moving to the left, moving to the right, or be instantaneously at rest.
A block of mass 2kg is acted upon by two forces: 3N (directed to the left) and 4N (directed to the right). What can you say about the block’s motion?
a. It must be moving to the left.
b. It must be moving to the right
c. It must be at rest
d. It could be moving to the left, moving to the right, or be instantaneously at rest.
c. moving with a constant nonzero acceleration
A massive block is being pulled along a horizontal frictionless surface by a constant horizontal force. The block must be __________.
a. continuously changing direction
b. moving at constant velocity
c. moving with a constant nonzero acceleration
d. moving with continuously increasing acceleration
a. cannot have a magnitude equal to 5N
Two forces, of magnitude 4N and 10N10N, are applied to an object. The relative direction of the forces is unknown. The net force acting on the object __________.
a. cannot have a magnitude equal to 5N
b. cannot have a magnitude equal to 10 N
c. cannot have the same direction as the force w/ magnitude 10N
d. must have a magnitude equal to 10N
b. gravity
A book weighing 5 N rests on top of a table. A downward force of magnitude 5 N is exerted on the book by the force of
a. the table
b. gravity
c. inertia
5N, book
A book weighing 5 N rests on top of a table. An upward force of magnitude _____ is exerted on the _____ by the table.
no
A book weighing 5 N rests on top of a table. Do the downward force (on the book by gravity) and upward force (on book by table) form a 3rd law pair?
5N
earth
book
upward
A book weighing 5 N rests on top of a table. The reaction to the force in Part A (on book by table) is a force of magnitude _____, exerted on the _____ by the _____. Its direction is _____ .
5N
table
book
downward
A book weighing 5 N rests on top of a table. The reaction to the force in Part B (on book by table) is a force of magnitude _____, exerted on the _____ by the _____. Its direction is _____.
a. the blocks
(To start moving forward, sprinters push backward on the starting blocks with their feet. As a reaction, the blocks push forward on their feet with a force of the same magnitude. This external force accelerates the sprinter forward.)
Which body exerts the force that propels the sprinter, the blocks or the sprinter?
a. the blocks
b. the sprinter
true
(T/F) Every force has one and only one 3rd law pair force.
true
(T/F) The two forces in each pair act in opposite directions.
false
(T/F) The two forces in each pair can act on the same object or on different objects.
false
(T/F) The two forces in each pair may have different physical origins (for instance, one of the forces could be due to gravity, and its pair force could be a normal contact force).
true
(T/F) The two forces of a 3rd law pair always act on different objects.
false
(T/F) Given that two objects interact via some force, the accelerations of these two objects have the same magnitude but opposite directions. (Assume no other forces act on either object.)
c. equal in magnitude to, and in the opposite direction from, the force on the earth due to the moon.
According to Newton’s 3rd law, the force on the (smaller) moon due to the (larger) earth is
a. greater in magnitude than, and in the opposite direction from, the force on the earth due to the moon.
b. greater in magnitude than, and in the same direction as, the force on the earth due to the moon.
c. equal in magnitude to, and in the opposite direction from, the force on the earth due to the moon.
d. equal in magnitude to, and in the same direction as, the force on the earth due to the moon.
e. smaller in magnitude than, and in the opposite direction from, the force on the earth due to the moon.
f. smaller in magnitude than, and in the same direction as, the force on the earth due to the moon.
4.06
** Free body diagrams **
b. The magnitude of the normal force is equal to the magnitude of the weight of the suitcase minus the magnitude of the force of the pull.
A man attempts to pick up his suitcase of weight ws by pulling straight up on the handle. However, he is unable to lift the suitcase from the floor. Which statement about the magnitude of the normal force n acting on the suitcase is true during the time that the man pulls upward on the suitcase?
a. The magnitude of the normal force is equal to the magnitude of the weight of the suitcase.
b. The magnitude of the normal force is equal to the magnitude of the weight of the suitcase minus the magnitude of the force of the pull.
c. The magnitude of the normal force is equal to the sum of the magnitude of the force of the pull and the magnitude of the suitcase’s weight.
d. The magnitude of the normal force is greater than the magnitude of the weight of the suitcase.
c. The magnitude of the normal force is equal to the sum of the magnitude of the man’s weight and the magnitude of the suitcase’s weight.
Now assume that the man of weight wm is tired and decides to sit on his suitcase. Which statement about the magnitude of the normal force n acting on the suitcase is true during the time that the man is sitting on the suitcase?
a. The magnitude of the normal force is equal to the magnitude of the suitcase’s weight.
b. The magnitude of the normal force is equal to the magnitude of the suitcase’s weight minus the magnitude of the man’s weight.
c. The magnitude of the normal force is equal to the sum of the magnitude of the man’s weight and the magnitude of the suitcase’s weight.
d. The magnitude of the normal force is less than the magnitude of the suitcase’s weight.
a. The frictional force points up the incline
A large crate filled with physics laboratory equipment must be moved up an incline onto a truck. The crate is at rest on the incline. What can you say about the force of friction acting on the crate?
a. The frictional force points up the incline
b. The frictional force points down the incline
c. The frictional force is zero.
b. The frictional force points down the incline
A physicist attempts to push the crate up the incline. The physicist senses that if he applies slightly more force the crate will move up the incline but cannot muster enough strength to get the motion started. What can you say now about the force of friction acting on the crate?
a. The frictional force points up the incline
b. The frictional force points down the incline
c. The frictional force is zero.
is greater than
The first physicist gets a second physicist to help. They both push on the crate, parallel to the surface of the incline, and it moves at constant speed up the incline. How does the force exerted by the two physicists on the crate compare with the force of friction on the crate?
F of 2 physicists (is less than/equals/is greater than) F of friction.
F(friction) = 0
If the block is at rest (and the only forces acting on the block are the force due to gravity and the normal force from the table), what is the magnitude of the force due to friction?
a. No direction.. The net force is 0
A truck is traveling horizontally to the right. When the truck starts to slow down, the crate on the (frictionless) truck bed starts to slide.In what direction could the net force be on the crate?
a. No direction.. The net force is 0
b. Straight down because of gravity
c. Horizontal and to the left
d. Straight up (the normal force)
e. Horizontal and to the right
a, b, c
You are trying to push your stalled car. Although you apply a horizontal force of 400N to the car, it doesn’t budge, and neither do you. What force(s) must also have a magnitude of 400N?
a. The friction force exerted by the road on you
b. The force exerted by the car on you
c. The friction force exerted by the car on the road
d. The normal force exerted by the road on you.
d. the ground exerts a greater friction force on Matt than it does on the truck.
Matt is able to move the large truck because
a. the truck offers no resistance because its brakes are off.
b. he is heavier in some respects than the truck.
c. he exerts a greater force on the truck than the truck exerts back on him.
d. the ground exerts a greater friction force on Matt than it does on the truck.
e. he is stronger than the truck.
A bear sling, shown in (Figure 1) , is used in some national parks for placing backpackers' food out of the reach of bears. As the backpacker raises the pack by pulling down on the rope, the force F needed:
a. doesn't change
b. increases until the rope is straight
c. decreases as the pack rises until the rope is straight across
d. increases but the rope always sags where the pack hangs
d. increases but the rope always sags where the pack hangs
A bear sling, shown in (Figure 1) , is used in some national parks for placing backpackers’ food out of the reach of bears. As the backpacker raises the pack by pulling down on the rope, the force F needed:
a. doesn’t change
b. increases until the rope is straight
c. decreases as the pack rises until the rope is straight across
d. increases but the rope always sags where the pack hangs
c. The force the water exerts on the paddle.
What causes the boat to move forward?
a. The force the paddle exerts on the water.
b. The force the man exerts on the paddle.
c. The force the water exerts on the paddle.
d. The motion of the water itself.
b. is accelerating upward
A person stands on a scale in an elevator. His apparent weight will be the greatest when the elevator
a. is moving downward at constant velocity
b. is accelerating upward
c. is moving upward at constant velocity
d. is accelerating downward
e. is standing still
b. less than the weight of the skier
When a skier skis down a hill, the normal force exerted on the skier by the hill is
a. equal to the weight of the skier
b. less than the weight of the skier
c. greater than the weight of the skier
b. The force of gravity acting on the ball.
A golf ball is hit with a golf club. While the ball flies through the air, which forces act on the ball?
a. The force of the golf club acting on the ball.
b. The force of gravity acting on the ball.
c. The force of the ball moving forward through the air.
d. All of the above
e. Both A and C
d. continues at the velocity it had before the second force was applied.
Suppose an object is accelerated by a force of 100 N. Suddenly a second force of 100 N in the opposite direction is exerted on the object, so that the forces cancel. The object
a. is brought to rest and then accelerates in the direction of the second force.
b. decelerates gradually to rest.
c. is brought to rest rapidly.
d. continues at the velocity it had before the second force was applied.
c. the force you exert on the box is equal to the force of the box pushing back on you.
You are pushing a heavy box across a rough floor. When you are initially pushing the box and it is accelerating,
a. you exert a force on the box, but the box does not exert a force on you.
b. the force that the box exerts on you is greater than the force you exert on the box.
c. the force you exert on the box is equal to the force of the box pushing back on you.
d. the box is so heavy it exerts a force on you, but you do not exert a force on the box.
e. the force you exert on the box is greater than the force of the box pushing back on you
a. 20N to the left
A 50-N crate sits on a horizontal floor where the coefficient of static friction between the crate and the floor is 0.50 . A 20-N force is applied to the crate acting to the right.
a. 20N to the left
b. 25N to the left
c. 25N to the right
d. 20N to the right
e. None of the above – the crate starts to move
b. less than 950 N
To pull an old stump out of the ground, you and a friend tie two ropes to the stump. You pull on it with a force of 500 N to the north while your friend pulls with a force of 450 N to the northwest. The total force from the two ropes is
a. exactly 950 N
b. less than 950 N
c. more than 950 N
b. 18 N

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Since the elevator is not accelerating, the reading on the scale is the same as in the video.

Consider the video tutorial you just watched. Suppose that we duplicate this experimental setup in an elevator. What will the spring scale read if the elevator is moving upward at constant speed? (scale reads 18N in video)
a. less than 18 N but greater than 0 N
b. 18 N
c. More than 18 N
d. 0 N
5.1
*** Accelerating along a racetrack ***
a, c
Let R be the distance between the cylinder and the center of the turntable. Now assume that the cylinder is moved to a new location R/2 from the center of the turntable. Which of the following statements accurately describe the motion of the cylinder at the new location? (Check all that apply)
a. The speed of the cylinder has decreased
b. The speed of the cylinder has increased
c. The magnitude of the acceleration of the cylinder has decreased
d. The magnitude of the acceleration of the cylinder has increased
e. The speed and the acceleration of the cylinder have not changed.
e. V / sqrt(2)
Imagine a small child whose legs are half as long as her parent’s legs. If her parent can walk at maximum speed V, at what maximum speed can the child walk?
a. V
b. V/2
c. 2V
d. sqrt(2) * V
e. V / sqrt(2)
e. V / sqrt(6)
Imagine an astronaut who can walk on the earth at maximum speed V. At what maximum speed can the astronaut walk on the moon, where the acceleration due to gravity is one-sixth of that on the earth?
a. V
b. V/6
c. 6V
d. sqrt(6) * V
e. V / sqrt(6)
c. v(s) = v(L)
A small car of mass m and a large car of mass 4m drive along a highway at constant speed. They approach a curve of radius R. Both cars maintain the same acceleration a as they travel around the curve. How does the speed of the small car v(s) compare to the speed of the large car v(L) as they round the curve?
a. v(s) = 1/4 * v(L)
b. v(s) = 1/2 * v(L)
c. v(s) = v(L)
d. v(s) = 2*v(L)
e. v(s) = 4*v(L)
a. F1 = 1/3 * F2
Now assume that two identical cars of mass m drive along a highway. One car approaches a curve of radius 2R at speed v. The second car approaches a curve of radius 6R at a speed of 3v. How does the magnitude F1 of the net force exerted on the first car compare to the magnitude F2 of the net force exerted on the second car?
a. F1 = 1/3 * F2
b. F1 = 3/4 * F2
c. F1 = F2
d. F1 = 3*F2
e. F1 = 27F2
b. – x direction

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The closer together two masses are, the stronger is the gravitational attraction between them. Thus, the mass at the origin is more strongly attracted to the mass at x1 = -110 cm than it is to the mass at x2 = 450 cm . Thus, the net force on the mass at the origin is in the -x direction.

Three identical very dense masses of 8000 kg each are placed on the x axis. One mass is at x1 = -110 cm , one is at the origin, and one is at x2 = 450 cm. What is the direction of the net gravitational force on the mass at the origin due to the other two masses?
a. +x direction
b. -x direction
directly toward the sun
As the earth proceeds around its orbit of the sun, the direction of the gravitational force acting on it changes so that the force always points ____________.
c. The earth exerts 3.53×1022N of force on the sun, exactly the same amount of force the sun exerts on the earth found in Part A.

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Newton’s law of universal gravitation gives the magnitude of the gravitational force but does not distinguish between which object exerts the force and which object experiences the force.

What is the size of the gravitational force acting on the sun due to the earth?
a. The earth does not exert any gravitational force on the sun.
b. The earth exerts some force on the sun, but less than 3.53×1022N because the earth, which is exerting the force, is so much less massive than the sun.
c. The earth exerts 3.53×1022N of force on the sun, exactly the same amount of force the sun exerts on the earth found in Part A.
d. The earth exerts more than 3.53×1022N of force on the sun because the sun, which is experiencing the force, is so much more massive than the earth.
a, b, c
Which of the following changes to the earth-sun system would reduce the magnitude of the force between them to one-fourth the value found in Part A? (Choose all that apply)
a. Reduce the mass of the earth to 1/4 its normal value.
b. Reduce the mass of the sun to 1/4 its normal value
c. Reduce the mass of the earth to 1/2 its normal value and the sun to one half its normal value.
d. Increase the separation between the earth and the sun to 4x its normal value.
a. The force is toward the sun
With the sun and the earth back in their regular positions, consider a space probe with mass mp=125kg launched from the earth toward the sun. When the probe is exactly halfway between the earth and the sun along the line connecting them, what is the direction of the net gravitational force acting on the probe? Ignore the effects of other massive objects in the solar system, such as the moon and other planets.
a. The force is toward the sun
b. The force is toward the earth.
c. There is no net force because neither the sun nor the earth attracts the probe gravitationally at the midpoint.
d. There is no net force because the gravitational attractions on the probe due to the sun and the earth are equal in size but point in opposite directions, so they cancel each other out.
b, c
Which of the following quantities represent mass?
a. 12 lb
b. 0.34 g
c. 120 kg
d. 1600 kN
e. 0.34 m
f. 411 m
a, d
Which of the following quantities would be acceptable representations of weight?
a. 12 lb
b. 0.34 g
c. 120 kg
d. 1600 kN
e. 0.34 m
f. 411 m
b. weight only
The gravitational field on the surface of the earth is stronger than that on the surface of the moon. If a rock is transported from the moon to the earth, which properties of the rock change?
a. mass only
b. weight only
c. both mass and weight
d. neither mass nor weight
e
An object is lifted from the surface of a spherical planet to an altitude equal to the radius of the planet. As a result, what happens to the mass and weight of the object?
a. mass increases, weight decreases
b. mass decreases; weight increases
c. mass increases; weight increases
d. mass increases; weight remains the same
e. mass remains the same; weight decreases
f. mass remains the same; weight increases
g. mass remains the same; weight remains the same
c. at a distance greater than r

The speed v of a satellite of mass m orbiting a distance r from the center of a larger object of mass M is given by the relationship
v=?(GM/r)

Two identical satellites orbit the earth in stable orbits. One satellite orbits with a speed v at a distance r from the center of the earth. The second satellite travels at a speed that is less than v. At what distance from the center of the earth does the second satellite orbit?
a. At a distance less than r
b. At a distance equal to r
c. At a distance greater than r
c. Tm is greater than Te

(Kepler’s)

Now assume that a satellite of mass m is orbiting the earth at a distance r from the center of the earth with speed ve. An identical satellite is orbiting the moon at the same distance with a speed vm. How does the time Tm it takes the satellite circling the moon to make one revolution compare to the time Te it takes the satellite orbiting the earth to make one revolution?
a. Tm is less than Te
b. Tm = Te
c. Tm is greater than Te
a. The door is exerting a rightward force on you
While driving fast around a sharp right turn, you find yourself pressing against the car door. What is happening?
a. The door is exerting a rightward force on you
b. Centrifugal force is pushing you into the door
c. Both of the above
d. None of the above
e. acceleration, net force
Which of the following point towards the center of the circle in uniform circular motion?
a. Velocity, acceleration, net force
b. velocity, acceleration
c. velocity, net force
d. acceleration
e. acceleration, net force
A Ping-Pong ball is shot into a circular tube that is lying flat (horizontal) on a table-top. When the Ping-Pong ball exits the tube, which path will it follow in the figure?
a. up at larger angle
b. up at smaller angle
c. straight from where the tube ends 
d. down at small angle
e. down at larger angle
c. straight from where the tube ends
A Ping-Pong ball is shot into a circular tube that is lying flat (horizontal) on a table-top. When the Ping-Pong ball exits the tube, which path will it follow in the figure?
a. up at larger angle
b. up at smaller angle
c. straight from where the tube ends
d. down at small angle
e. down at larger angle
d. Both the acceleration and net force on the car point inward.
A car drives at steady speed around a perfectly circular track.
a. The net force on the car is zero.
b. Both the acceleration and net force on the car point outward.
c. The car’s acceleration is zero.
d. Both the acceleration and net force on the car point inward.
e. If there is no friction, the acceleration is outward.
b. At the bottom of the circle.
A child whirls a ball in a vertical circle. Assuming the speed of the ball is constant (an approximation) , when would the tension in the cord connected to the ball be greatest?
a. A little after the bottom of the circle when the ball is climbing.
b. At the bottom of the circle.
c. Nowhere; the cord is stretched the same amount at all points.
d. A little before the bottom of the circle when the ball is descending quickly.
e. At the top of the circle.
In a rotating vertical cylinder (Rotor-ride) a rider finds herself pressed with her back to the rotating wall. Which is the correct free-body diagram for her (see the figure).
a
In a rotating vertical cylinder (Rotor-ride) a rider finds herself pressed with her back to the rotating wall. Which is the correct free-body diagram for her (see the figure).
f. Both the same; the Moon.
Which pulls harder gravitationally, the Earth on the Moon, or the Moon on the Earth? Which accelerates more?
a. Both the same; the Earth.
b. The Moon on the Earth; the Moon.
c. The Earth on the Moon; the Moon.
d. The Earth on the Moon; the Earth.
e. The Moon on the Earth; the Earth.
f. Both the same; the Moon.
c. The two satellites have the same speed.
Two satellites orbit the Earth in circular orbits of the same radius. One satellite is twice as massive as the other. Which statement is true about the speeds of these satellites?
a. The lighter satellite moves twice as fast as the heavier one.
b. The heavier satellite moves twice as fast as the lighter one.
c. The two satellites have the same speed.
d. The ratio of their speeds depends on the orbital radius.

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Physics Practice Problems
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An elevator is moving downward when someone presses the emergency stop button. The elevator comes to rest a short time later. Give the signs for the velocity and the acceleration of the elevator after the button has been pressed but before the elevator has stopped.
2018-10-20 01:27:33
Physics Practice Problems
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