The birds began to sing as the sky grew lighter. As watched the world come to life, I felt at peace. Thought of all the good things in my life. Thought of all my good friends and my wonderful family. For the first time in my life, I was happy being alone. Wasn’t bored. Instead, felt refreshed, as if I’d just had another nap. Gained a new appreciation for myself. Paragraph Body: Closing Sentence: unit 3: Writing?Sing Strategies to Shape Writing 209 LISTENING Practice As you read the narrative paragraph on the previous page, answer each of the 5 W-How questions.Order now
Answering these questions will give you basic information. Who? What? When? Where? Why? How? Unit 3: Writing?Using Strategies to Shape Writing p reactive Everything that happens to you helps you grow. An event can be joyful. Another event can be painful. Both, however, teach you something. You can learn about human nature. You can learn about the kindness or cruelty of others. You can learn about yourself. In this assignment, you will write about one such event. Step 1: Collect your thoughts. Think of important events in your life.
Consider the following: best mistake happiest accident the death f a close friend or relative a major victory or defeat the beginning of a relationship beginning a new school the ending Of a relationship. List your own experiences. These could have occurred years ago. They could have happened this morning. Don’t list just big dramatic events. Sometimes, small events affect us deeply. Unit 3: Writing?using Strategies to Shape Writing 211 Freighting Below is an example of freighting. This was the first step in the example narrative paragraph on page 209.
As you can see, the writer used the freighting strategy on pages 162-163 to find an idea to develop. Remember: When you ferrite, you just write, write, write. You do not stop to think or correct. If you get stuck, you can repeat the last word you wrote until something else pops up. You just write whatever comes to mind. Its Friday. Friday Friday goody goody that means tomorrow is Saturday boy do I love Saturdays can sleep I can sleep can go to the mall can go to the movies can do what want I can do what I did last week just do nothing, Just get up early couldn’t sleep can you believe that?
Couldn’t sleep just sat on porch watched sunrise Daddy thought was sick. Took us to breakfast – really neat. Wanted to take me fishing like when I was a little girl. That was fun remember catching the rubber boot. Kara fell in the lake. Went water skiing on that lake with Jim and Lily. Thought I’d drank half of lake fun when finally stood up boy did my arms hurt next day. As a paragraph, this has problems. As a freighting, it is successful, The writer has mentioned three topics. She mentions a seemingly unimportant Saturday when she couldn’t sleep late. She mentions a fishing trip with her father and sister. She mentions learning to water ski. Any of these topics would make a good paragraph. P reactive Step 2: Freighting. Study your list of experiences. Choose one that is significant. Make sure you identify a particular incident. You should be able to remember the exact date this happened. For example, don’t write about how your dog changed your life. Instead, write about the day you received your dog. Write down your topic. Begin freighting (see page 163). Don’t Stop to think or correct. Just write, write, write. If you get stuck, repeat the last word you wrote. Or, Mite “I’m stuck, I’m stuck” until something else pops up.
Write whatever comes to mind. Your paper will be messy. Your hand may hurt. But you Will have ideas about your topic. Ferrite for 10 minutes. Use additional paper as needed. Step 3: Explore possible topics Look CNN. ‘ere your freighting. How many topics did you discover? Write them down. You might be ready to draft your narrative. However, a second freighting would help. 214 Choose a topic from your first freighting on the previous page. Complete a second 10-minute freighting. Use additional paper as needed. Read over your second freighting. You probably have more than enough details for a paragraph.
Licit 3: Writing?using Strategies to Shape Writing Step 4. Evaluate details. Remember your purpose. You are writing about an important event. You need to identify this event. You also need to indicate why it was important to you. With this in mind, look over your forewarnings. What details relate to your purpose? Highlight or underline these. What details are irrelevant? Draw through these. What details seem to be missing? Write these down. 216 Step S: Remember your audience, You will be telling a story. Your audience has not heard of this experience. Make sure you have included enough details, Your readers need to know what happened.
They also need to know why it is significant to you. Your audience will also need to know when the incident occurred. You can give the exact date. You can also give a time reference. Example: “It was the summer turned twelve. ” where the incident occurred. Again, you can give specifics. You can also give a personal reference. Example: “My sister and I were spending the weekend at Disney World with our grandparents. ” who was involved. Try to give names. Also, indicate the individuals’ relationships to you. Example: “My best friend Jose had lived next door to me for three years. ”
Step 6: Write your first draft. Begin With the topic sentence. In chronological order, report the details of the event. Use key words as you write (see page 194). End by sharing the lesson you learned. Use the space below and the following page, if needed. Expository Paragraph Another word for expository is explanatory. An expository paragraph gives information. You can explain a subject. You can also give directions in an expository paragraph. Look at the following example of an expository paragraph. What kind Of information does it give? Matter Matters Look around you. Everything you see is matter.
Matter is anything that takes up space. Matter takes many forms and states. Scientists call these forms and states the phases of matter. Matter has four phases. Gases, liquids, and solids are the phases of matter found on Earth. The fourth phase of matter is plasma. It is a form of matter found in stars. On Earth, we see plasmas only in parts of flames and in lightning bolts. The details of the paragraph explain matter. Every sentence provides information about the topic. None of the details are irrelevant. The following is a topic sentence for an expository paragraph: During the asses, a new ideal woman emerged. Some of the sentences below support this topic sentence, Some of the sentences do not support the topic sentence. Put an X in front of any sentence that is an irrelevant detail. It a sentence is a relevant detail, leave it unmarked, their right to vote. L, This new woman born due to women winning 2. The new woman was represented by the flapper. 3. The flapper wore new fashions and showed new attitudes, 4, Automobiles became popular as well. 5. Skirts became shorter and brightly colored gore the first time, many venue smoked openly in public. 7. Jazz was the most popular form of entertainment during the ass.