Every day an estimated 24,000 people die from hunger or hunger related causes.
Three-fourths of these deaths are children under the age of five. One may wonder
how this can be living in a country were it seems so much food is wasted
everyday. Food restaurants and grocery stores throw away food every night before
closing. Many Americans waste food every day within their own homes.
much “left over” food in American how is it that an estimated 800
million people around the world suffer from hunger and malnutrition?1 Well,
first we must define the word hunger. Hunger, in this case, is not just the
rumbling in ones stomach that most of us feel if we have not eaten for a few
hours. For this purpose, hunger is defined as “a condition resulting from
chronic under-consumption of food and/or nutritious food products. It may be
precipitated by an inability to obtain sufficient quantities of food to eat or a
failure to consume adequate quantities of nutritious food products, regardless
of the ability to obtain sufficient food supplies.”2 The problem of world
hunger is not that there is not enough food produced in the world. “World
production of grain alone is over 1.
5 billion tons, enough to supply the entire
world population with two pounds a day.”3 This grain combined the current
production of other foods such as meat, fruits, vegetables, and nuts is enough
to provide each adult and child on earth 3000 calories a day which is what the
average American consumes.4 Americans are not the only ones who waste food.
People all over the world are doing the very same thing. And the though it seems
that America has too much food, we Americans have hungry people living right
here in our own country. The World Hunger Essay problem lies within the changing
environmental conditions, population, and most of all, poverty.
This paper will
discuss the causes, effects and possible solutions of world hunger. There are
three major causes of world hunger, changing environment conditions, population,
and poverty. The environment, of course, is the major element in the production
of food in most countries across the globe. The environment in which one lives
decides what types of food can be produced and how much of that food can be
produced. The weather or climate in any particular environment can change and
affect what people eat and how much of it they are able to eat. One change in
the environment that adversely affects agriculture is soil erosion.
one-third of the world’s cropland is loosing topsoil at a rate that undermines
its future productivity.”5 Topsoil is a major factor in growing most crops.
It is the richest part of the soil and contains minerals and nutrients that most
plants need for survival. Too much soil erosion begins a chain reaction leaving
the land susceptible to drought. And as we all know, very little food can be
grown on dry land. A drought not only affects plants, but as a result of lack of
plants and water and in many cases extreme heat cattle are starved or die from
This loss of organic matter in the land results in runoff after rainfall
and increased runoff and rainfall allows for flooding. A flood, like the drought
though they are opposite, wipes away crops or kills them because of the
overabundance of water. People can attempt to produce food by planting and
caring for their land and animals, but Mother Nature has the ultimate say and
humans are unable to predict what she will do next. The next two causes of
hunger we will discuss together because they coincide, population and the poor.
Population is an issue not because there are too many mouths to feed, as was
stated earlier, but because the hungry people of the world are the majority who
have large families and continue to increase them, thus creating hungry
children. “Poor people have large families for many reasons.
security for their old age. Reasons about additional help on the land. Reasons
concerning the cultural preference for sons. Reasons related to the laws of
Reasons dictated by traditional religious behavior. And reasons of
personal pride”6 These are all reasons why poor people all over the country
continue to have large families generation after generation despite their
economic condition. The majority of the hungry live and work in rural areas. Why
are poor people affected so much by hunger? The answer would be seemingly
simple, that they are just unable to afford .