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    Western Civ: Renaissance

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    After the Dark Ages what city lit up the world?
    The enterprise of renaissance engineering is the recovery of what knowledge?
    ancient knowledge
    New rulers of Italian city-states emerged, who are they?
    Wealth and power bought what?
    art and architecture
    What resource was necessary for the prosperity of Siena?
    water, so they built the botitine water tunnels
    system of thought based on the characteristic of humans rather than any supernatural authority
    rebirth of wars, plague, church decline, and political instability
    Florence become the new what?
    What was the centerpiece of the renaissance architecture? Why?
    St. Maria Cathedral in Florence, because there were no flying buttresses, new domes, and a new brick laying technique
    Which Brunelleschi innovation is a cornerstone of engineering today?
    Single point perspective
    Pope Sixtus V cleaned up Rome by doing what?
    killing vandals
    What is the Age of Recovery in the Renaissance?
    affecting politics and art, and a new interest in ancient culture
    What is the Emphasis on Worldly Things in the Renaissance?
    an increased wealth, which caused urbanization and the enjoyment of material things
    What is the Emphasis on Individual Ability in the Renaissance?
    a new social idea, and a new regard for human worth
    Humanism, arts, and the classics were what movement?
    a cultural movement
    What were the different Renaissances?
    Italian, English, and. Northern
    traditionally called the father of Renaissance
    Petrarch did not see a conflict between who?
    human potential and faith
    Sculptures were used for what?
    city in central Italy that is generally accepted to be the starting point for the Renaissance
    There was a constant conflict between who in Florence for power?
    Families would finance what to establish their legacy?
    art and architecture
    The Medici’s
    family in Florence that financed many Renaissance artists
    How long did the Medici’s rule?
    13th-17th century
    Medici Bank
    one of the most prosperous banks in Europe and the vehicle for Medici’s wealth
    The Medici’s introduced what new idea?
    income tax
    Lorenzo de Medici
    the magnificent responsible for bringing Florence to the pinnacle of her height
    Who was the first Renaissance Man?
    Lorenzo de Medici
    Lorenzo encouraged people to contribute to what?
    the “greatness of Florence”
    Who did Lorenzo conscript?
    Michelangelo, Da Vinci, and Donatello
    Leonardo Da Vinci
    considered one of the greatest painters of all time
    What were Leonardo’s talents?
    architecture, anatomy, painter, musician, mathematician
    Are there any universal tricks for anatomy?
    No, but his sparked a new study of the body
    Who developed the single span bridge?
    Leonardo Da Vinci
    Codex Leicester
    notebook contains all the Da Vinci’s writings on science
    What are some famous works of Da Vinci?
    The Baptism of Christ, Annunciation, Adoration of Magi, and the Mona Lisa
    famous sculptor known for his shadow relief making statues appear deeper than they actually were
    Bronze David
    first free standing nude classic since the Classical Greek time
    Renaissance painter and sculptor known for his marble David and the Sistine Chapel
    Where did Donatello began art?
    Where did Michelangelo began art?
    What are some famous works of Michelangelo?
    Sistine Chapel,
    Julius II asked who to design his tomb?
    Moses by Michelangelo
    Michelangelo’s famous depiction of Moses with horns for Pope Julius’ tomb
    known for grace and perfection of his paintings
    Where did Raphael began art?
    Where was Raphael buried?
    School of Athens
    showed Raphael’s love for classical learning
    What is Raphael’s
    School of Athens
    Filippo Brunelleschi
    architect known for his design of the Dome in Florence
    Niccolo Machiavelli
    famous Renaissance political philosopher who wrote The Prince
    The Prince
    guide book of how leaders can gain and keep power to Lorenzo de Medici
    The Prince said that sometimes evil must be performed in order for what?
    the greater good to be achieved
    thoughts on the proper way to run a republic, complete with checks and balances
    Dante Alighieri
    considered the first writer to embody the spirit of the Renaissance
    Who was exiled from Florence?
    Dante Alighieri
    Who write the Divine comedy as an attempt to reconcile his life?
    Dante Alighieri
    taught that the Earth was another planet revolving around a fixed sun once a year spinning on it’s axis
    Where did Copernicus study?
    Heliocentric Theory
    sun centered universe
    credited with being the first to use the telescope for astronomical purposes
    Who invented the pocket comb, thermometer, and ball point pen?
    Who was arrested and tried during the Inquisition?
    Northern Renaissance
    Renaissance movement in Northern Europe
    Nation State
    centralized power in the form of a nation with defined political boundaries
    medieval art that dominated Northern Europe, was dark and more emotional
    Norte Dame
    most famous Gothic Cathedral
    When was the.Norte Dame built?
    1163-1345 CE
    Who owns Norte Dame?
    state of France
    The Notre Dame was what?
    a source of civic pride, a monument to the monetary success of France
    Who were Northern Renaissance artists?
    Pieter Bruegnal the Elder,
    Pieter Bruegnal was known for what?
    landscapes and peasant scenes & dark and grim paintings
    Who invented the essay?
    Michel de Montaigne
    What work had a profound influence on writers including Shakespeare?
    Michel’s essay
    The Essays
    Montaigne’s commentary on the issues of his time
    known for his criticism of the Catholic Church
    Who presented arguments but didn’t attack people?
    Praise of Folly
    satirical attack on the traditions of the Catholic Church
    English Renaissance
    cultural and artistic movements in England from the 16th-17th century, also called the Elizabethan era
    War of Roses
    civil war fought for control of the throne of England between the houses of Lancaster and York
    What sets back learning and starts social upheaval?
    War of Roses
    Henry VIII
    cut ties with the Catholic Church because he wanted a divorce
    Who had six wives?
    Henry VIII
    Who were Henry VIII’s wives?
    Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleve’s, Catherine, and Katherine Parr
    Who advised the Pope to retaliate after the excommunication?
    Thomas Cromwell
    Act of Supremacy
    placed the king of England in charge of the church
    Anglican Church
    name given to the English Church
    Who reinstated Catholicism in England?
    Mary Tudor
    How many executions did Mary Tudor led over religious reasons?
    over 300
    John Milton
    English poet who wrote Paradise Island
    Paradise Lost
    story of the fall of man and the conflict between the eternal foresight of God and free will
    Thomas More
    challenged Henry VII’s claim to head of the English Church, and was executed
    William Shakespeare
    English poet and playwright regarded as the greatest writer of the English language
    theater that a company of playwrights and actors including Shakespeare helped build
    Lord Chamberian’s men
    acting troupe Shakespeare was a member of
    the art of painting on wet plaster

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