The Presidency of Andrew Jackson
Like any hall of fame, its inductees are the best in whatever
they do, from baseball or football to something like being President.
If you are a member of any hall of fame (including the one for the
Presidents), it means that you have done something special or have a
certain quality about yourself that makes you worthy to be in a hall
of fame. My nominee for the Presidents hall of Fame is our seventh
President of the United States, Andrew Jackson. I’ll go over his
presidency, focusing on both the highs and the lows of his two terms
in office, from 1829-1837. The issues that I’ll focus on are states’
rights, nullification, the tariff, the spoils system, Indian removal
and banking policies; these controversies brought forth strong rivalry
over his years of president.
He was known for his iron will and fiery
personality, and strong use of the powers of his office that made his
years of presidency to be known as the “Age of Jackson.”
Andrew Jackson was born on March 15, 1767, in a settlement on
the border of North and South Carolina. He was orphaned at age 14.
After studying law and becoming a member of the Bar in North Carolina
later he moved to Nashville Tennessee. Their he became a member of a
powerful political faction led by William Blount. He was married in
1791 to Rachel Donelson Robards, and later remarried to him due to a
legal mistake in her prior divorce in 1794.
Jackson served as delegate to Tenn. in the 1796 Constitutional
convention and a congressman for a year (from 1796-97). He was elected
senator in 1797, but financial problems forced him to resign and
return to Tennessee in less than a year. Later he served as a
Tennessee superior court judge for six years starting in 1798. In 1804
he retired from the bench and moved to Nashville and devoted time to
business ventures and his plantation. At this time his political
career looked over.
In 1814 Jackson was a Major General in the Tennessee Militia,
here he was ordered to march against the Creek Indians (who were
pro-British in the war of 1812). His goal was achieved at Horseshoe
Bend in March of 1814. Eventually he forced All Indians from the area.
His victory’s impressed some people in Washington and Jackson was put
in command of the defense of New Orleans. This show of American
strength made Americans feel proud after a war filled with military
defeats. Jackson was given the nickname “Old Hickory”, and was treated
as a national hero.
In 1817 he was ordered against the Seminole Indians. He pushed
them back into Spanish Florida and executed two British subjects.
Jackson instead that his actions were with approval of the Monroe
administration. His actions helped to acquire the Florida territory,
and he became a provisional governor of Florida that same year.
In 1822 the Tennessee Legislature nominated him for president
and the following year he was elected the U.S.
senate. He also nearly
won the presidential campaign of 1824 however as a result of the
“corrupt bargain” with Henry Clay. Over the next four years the
current administration built a strong political machine with
nationalistic policies and a lack of concern of states rights. In 1828
through a campaign filled with mud slinging on both sides, Andrew
Jackson became the seventh President to the United States.
Instead of the normal cabinet made up by the president, he
relied more on an informal group of newspaper writers and northern
politicians who had worked for his election. I believe that this made
him more in contact with the people of the United States, more in
contact with the public opinion and feelings toward national issues
President Jackson developed the system of “rotation in office.
was used to protect the American people from a development of a
long-standing political group by removing long-term office holders.
His enemies accused him of corruption of civil service for political
reasons. However, I think that it was used to insure loyalty of the
people in his administration. States rights played an important part
in Jackson’s policy’s as president. In .