The Sweatshop Industry and Child Labour in NIC’s
This report is aimed at investigating if the two major TNC’s Nike and
Gap manufacture their products according to their code of vendor
conduct. Both companies code of vendor conduct clearly states that no
workers are employed under the legal minimum age and sweatshops don’t
exist in their factories.
A sweatshop is a factory where employees are subject to extreme
exploitation; they work in dreadful conditions with health and safety
hazards, for little pay and long hours. Child labour is, as the word
suggests, when children under the legal minimum age are employed to
When we hear brand names such as Nike and Gap, most of us will
immediately associate the brands with expensive and fashionable
designer products, and no doubt most people have worn an item with
these particular brand names on them; however under the soft clothing
and recognisable brands lies a very different story. To investigate
this further we have to travel to a country where Nike and Gap
manufacture their products.
I have decided to travel to Cambodia. This
is a country situated in South East Asia, bordered by Vietnam,
Thailand and Laos. Its capital Phnom Pehn is situated in the south
east of the country. Most of Cambodia’s work force is mainly in the
primary sector; however their secondary sector is growing, which
results in Cambodia being recognised as being an NIC (newly
When we arrived in Cambodia we immediately started our search for a
factory that manufactured products for Nike and Gap. This was very
difficult, as the factories are in secret locations, becaus.
.ap and Nike are made in factories in
South Asia and the demand here affects lives there. Consumers are
starting to realise this. More and more want that workers making their
clothes are being treated humanely. Both the Gap and Nike have
anti-sweatshop rules or codes of vendor conduct, they proudly post
those reassurances on their web sites and staff repeats to worried
customers “No sweatshops, no child labour, no tolerance”. But as we
have seen in this report Nike and Gap break their codes of vendor
conduct on several points.
These codes of vendor conduct and
anti-sweatshop rules are just an attempt not to damage their
reputation. After all Nike and Gap rely on their reputation from the
public and a report like this could damage their reputation. I hope
that this report has helped to raise awareness about these issues.