The Reconstruction of the Nation Essay
The Civil War was inevitable and regardless of the outcome on the fields of battle, the reconstruction of the nation was equally inevitable because as much as the North and the South had irrevocable differences, it was in the mutual interest of the North, the South and the West to maintain a relationship based on symbiosis. The Civil War and the reconstruction of the nation were bound to happen. There was a great diversity throughout the nation within the three sections. Differences in opinions and rules in slavery, economic and civilization differences are all examples of causes of the Civil War. However, the reconstruction of the nation was necessary, because the three sections needed each other to survive.
The Civil war was inevitable. Because of the great diversity between the North and the South, the Civil War was bound to happen. Slavery was one of the many causes of the Civil War. It presented a moral issue, since it dealt with human beings and invaded individual freedom and democratic ideals. Slavery greatly distinguished the South from the North, and was the major issue dividing the two sections. The differences in economy also added to the cause of the Civil War.
The South had become agricultural, and the North had become industrial. These economic differences led to sectional rivalry on issues such as slavery and the protective tariff. The interpretation of the federal Union differed between the two sections as well. The South insisted that the federal Union was created by the states; therefore, any state had the right to secede. The North thought otherwise; they believed that people created the Union and no state had the right to secede. The South favored, and the North opposed the extension of slavery into the West.
Most of the West became tied economically to the North by a network of railroads and trade. Southerners realized that Western lands were not suitable for cotton culture, and realized that they were losing Western support, and the South would remain a minority section in the Union. The North and the South had differences in civilization. A small aristocracy of influential planter families dominated the Southern civilization, compared to the more dynamic and democratic Northern civilization. This difference in civilizations made understanding each others point of view difficult, which added to the causes of the war. Lastly, people in both the North and the South exaggerated differences.
The Northerners gave unfair stereotypes of Southern slave owners, as the Southerners did with free-soilers and Republicans. All of these elements added to the cause of the Civil War, and no single cause brought about the Civil War.
The reconstruction of the nation was equally inevitable because as much as the North and the South had irrevocable differences, it was in the mutual interest of the North, the South, and the West to maintain a relationship based on symbiosis. The simulation showed how one section depended upon the other two, as well as outside countries and states such as Great Britain, Japan, Hawaii and California for various things.
Trade was one of the most important elements in the simulation. Trade routes were necessary for the shipment of raw materials, finished products, goods, and many more items.
The South had full control of the most important water route, the Mississippi River. It was necessary for the West and the North to deal with the South to gain use of this water way. The west sold Kansas and land from Texas to Arkansas (excluding Missouri) to the South for a mere $2 million, but gained free use of the Mississippi River from Iowa to Louisiana. The North provided free use of the Mississippi River and agreed to prohibit use of the Mississippi River to the West. The West built a railroad throughout the West to the port of San Diego, which will be open to all. The South provided slaves to build a railroad from Alabama to Pennsylvania.
The North provided technical assistance and material to build the railroad. Both the North and the South had free use of the railroad. The West and the North agreed to constant trade for 20 years. The West sold cattle, .