poem of “A ModestProposal” is that the author must be sick or unstable to propose theselling of one-year-old children for the purpose of being cooked and eatenby the rich. However, a more in-dept analysis of the tone and style of thewriter reveal a specific purpose behind this outrageous proposal. Ineffect, it seems that Swift’s intent is to address some very hot issuesbeing faced by the citizens of his “kingdom” at the time, namely, povertyand overpopulation. It is obvious, from the content of the essay, that the increasingnumber of poor children, the ever unemployed mothers and fathers were ofgreat concern to most and “a very great additional grievance” to thekingdom.Order now
It is also reasonable to assume that the writer has tried in thepast to propose some socially acceptable solutions that have fallen on deafears, as evidenced by these lines, “as to myself, having been wearied outfor many years with offering vain, idle, visionary thoughts, and at lengthdespairing of success. . . ” the author has turned to this satiric form ofessay in an effort to get the attention of those who might think they haveheard it all and might have become blaze and indifferent to any regular oracceptable form of solution. In using satire, most writers aptly useridicule to attack or expose the negative or false values of society.
Thisauthor’s style seems even a bit more caustic. He makes what could,arguably, be viewed as the most objectionable, if not disgusting proposal,proceeds to dehumanize children by dwelling on thedetails of cooking them,the numbers of servings one can get out of one child, even suggesting usingtheir skin as gloves and boots, making the reader feel as uncomfortable ashumanly possible, only to proceed in attacking his prime target in the mostsarcastic way, “I grant this food will be . . .
very proper for landlords,who as they have already devoured most of the parents, seem to have thebest title to the children. ” As a sub-social issue, Swift also touches on abortion, an issue thatremains to the present era one of the most controversial issues inAmerica. In fact, even though the essay obviously predates the Roe versusWade decision issued by the United States Supreme Court in January 1973where abortion became legal in America, it seems that abortion was alreadyadebated issue in 1729. The author casually insinuates that his proposalwould also take care of that problem, as he writes, “There is likely another great advantage in my scheme, that it willprevent those voluntary abortions, and that horrid practice of womenmurdering their bastard children, alas! Too frequent among us,sacrificing the poor innocent babes, I doubt more to avoid the expensesthan the shame, which would move tears and pity in the most savage andinhuman breast. ” It is readily apparent that Swift is being extremely sarcastic byoffering the extreme solution of killing and cooking a living infant as asolution to avoid the killing of a fetus, which many, even in today’sdebates, consider to be nothing but that, a fetus, not a potential infant,since, arguably, life does not begin until birth.
One of Jonathan Swift’s purposes in writing this essay seems to be adesire to bring the social plagues of his society, the most prevalent beingthe misfortune of the underdog acerbated by, “the oppression of landlords,the impossibility of paying rent without money or trade, the want of commonsustenance. . . ” to the attention of those who had the power of making achange but instead preferred to hypocritically commiserate with the poorwhile secretly taking advantage of them.
By using satire or sarcasm, hemanages to keep the readers’ interest long enough to impress upon them theurgency of the problem, while pointing out the general flaws andweaknesses in the thinking of the general public and innocently force themout of their complaisance. He seems to have noticed that, for any proposedsolution to pique anybody’s interest, it has to be “innocent, cheap, easyand effectual. ” Swift also had no qualmsin making it clear that he knows that the growing number of the population,especially the poor, was a real concern, even though no one would openlyadmit it. Again, he adeptly, tongue-in-cheek sort of way, states, “I canthink of no objection that will possibly be raised against this proposal,unless it should be urged that the number of .