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    The Colonist in French and Indian War

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    The Colonist won because they had some of the greatest leaders towards the end of the war, the French were on our side and they were fighting for their families, homes, and beliefs. The colonist had more to fight for because they had to protect their families their homes and their beliefs. So those things made them more determined and it made them more drive so that they were able to win the war. Towards the end of the war the French were on our side so they were able to help the colonist win the war.

    England put a tax on colonist to pay off the French and Indian war. Colonists did not agree to this decision so they went against it. Soon after they put the tax on England had the stamp act which made the colonist even madder. The Stamp Act was that the colonist would have to buy stamps that were required for use on all manner of documents, licenses, newspapers, and other publications. The money that was used to purchase the stamps went to the English government. The colonists were not happy with what the English government was doing.

    The sons of Liberty were formed in reaction of the stamp act. Townshend Acts, the Boston Massacre of colonists by British troops, the destruction of the British revenue cutter H.M.S, the Boston Tea Party protest and the Intolerable Acts all contributed to the hatred between the two sides. After violence erupted at Lexington and Concord between Massachusetts colonists and British troops, the Congress acted as a national government for the colonist.

    The first shots of the Revolutionary War were fired in Massachusetts, at Lexington and Concord. This battle led the 13 colonies to make the continental army, which was led by General George Washington. This army consisted of all the colonies even including Canada. War started in the early 1776 in the southern colonies but English efforts to bring down the colonist got them frustrated. While the attack of Boston continued until March 1776. General William Howe left the city and for the time being located his operations to Halifax.

    In June 1776 the continental army was forced off Bunker Hill. In the following months English and American army clashed in Canada on several occasions. With the victory at Saratoga and Trenton on October 1777, convinced the French to join the colonist side because the French was an enemy to the British. The French help the colonist in the spring of 1778. The colonist really needed it at that time because in the winter the colonist lost a lot of men due to starvation and the elements of winter.

    Since the binging of the war the sea was a very important thing to have. The sea was an Important thing because you are able to transport soldiers faster then you would if you have to go by land. Since there was many harbors in New York and in the states by the Atlantic Ocean if was crucial for the colonist to have it. One way that the British were getting weapons is because they were able to smuggle weapons because they were able to get weapons thought the boats that they had coming in though the harbor. The congress purchased eleven boat but they were not match up to the British blockade. When the French joined the colonist they brought troops ands their amazing fleet.

    Since their fleet was so amazing they were able to take down the British fleet. The colonist army and the British army were up to date on their weapons and they had they newest type of guns. The type of guns that they had were called muskets. The only thing that was bad about their guns was that it took quit a long time to load it after u fired. There was another type of gun it took longer to reload. The rifles were also more fragile and more expensive then the muskets. The colonist and British also had cannons they were usually made out of bronzes and or iron. They were usually mounted on wooden carriages and they had iron wheels and were pulled by four or more horses. When it came time to firing them it was not the essayist thing in the world.

    The terrain that they went though was not the best one. They went through snow and rain and all different kinds of weather and terrain. Unlike western Europe, where the British and French armies were accustomed to campaigning in areas that had long been cleared for agricultural purposes and had many towns and roads. North America presented forbidding problems for transporting armies, weaponry, and supplies. When it came to making fortifications I was not easy. They would have to build up the thing that they were fortifying and they would have to make it stronger than ever. They had a good way of fortifying building but like everything else it got better as time went on.

    When they wanted to fortify thing they would have skilled workers doing this job. The best forts were star shaped so that one part of the fort could give covering fire to other parts. They were protected by moats and outerworks sculpted so as to put the enemy at the greatest disadvantage. To attack one of these forts required ingenuity and engineering skill. It took time and effort to make theses forts and they did not get taking down easily the enemy had a hard time taking down forts and they used a lot of materials to do it.

    When you had a Calvary it was a big part of your army because you trusted them more then you would have trusted many others. Most of the time cavalry was used to disrupt infantry columns, to scout, and to raid. The nature of the North American terrain greatly favored light. cavalry. Light cavalry could move about easily and quickly and live off the land rather than depend on supply trains.

    The Patriot press was very important. The term Patriot press refers to those newspapers and pamphlets after 1765 that ran essays, editorials, and articles critical of the king and Parliament.

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