Unit #4- Study Guide, Chapter #3
Answer the following questions, IN YOUR OWN WORDS. Of course, this is an open book assignment.
1. Everyone who lives in the United States lives in the same society and, also lives in the same culture. These concepts refer to different aspects of the United States. Using the United States as an example, explain the differences between the concepts of society and culture.
Society sets boundaries for our lives. The United States has set out laws that we must abide by and follow. The United States is not different from other countries because of our social status, roles, groups, social institutions, and everyone’s surrounding areas has established beliefs or values. Our cultures are ver different because of our languages, mannerisms, values, norms and religion. It is difficult for a foreigner to come to the United States and learn new mannerisms, norms, and a new language. A foreigner now has to adapt to a custom he sees totally different from what might have been normal to him back at his native country.
2. Explain the differences between innovations, discoveries, inventions and diffusion. Give examples of each of these concepts in order to clarify the differences between them.
There are all different but somewhat similar. One can’t really work without the other in life. Innovations are ways to achieve a certain goal. An example is money. Drug dealers use illegitimate ways to achieve this goal. In the long run they will discover that they reap what they sow. Meaning that they might end up in jail and arrested. Discoveries are a new way of seeking reality as a second process for change. Inventions are combinations of existing elements and materials to form new ones. People invent new drugs for the sick or some people combine drugs just to get a fix or high. The diffusion is that later on in their lives it will affect them greatly or other people might learn for them.
3. Although it would seem that symbolic interactionists would be more interested in language than the proponents of structural functionalism and conflict theory, each of the perspectives has an interest in this important cultural component. Explain why language is important to symbolic interactionists and elaborate on the interest that the other two perspectives would have in language.
Language is a system of symbols that can be strung together for the purpose of communicating abstract thought. Language is important everywhere that you go. It shows up vividly with symbols. Interactionists, structural functionalism, and conflict theory all have to deal with language. Meaning face to face interaction, symbols, and the norms and values of society. Today in our society, we have to hear about the Middle East Crisis that is forever happening. Collen Powell went to talk with them, but was not able to resolve really anything. All the perspectives Interactionists, structural functionalism, and conflict theory all have to do in every day life because they are a part of our language.
4. What is the relationship between norms (i.e. folkways, mores, and laws) sanctions and values. For example is there a relationship between the importance of a value and related norms and sanctions? Focus on three of the basic values that Robin Williams presents in his analysis of the United States.
Well, I believe that everyone has his or her own belief and values. Values relate to norms, sanctions mores and taboos. Some people are Catholic, some Christian, and some Atheist. Everyone has their own idea as to what belief they should have in terms of Religiosity. I believe that everyone should live life and enjoy it no matter what religion he or she or what anyone believes. Some of the values that were presented by sociologists Robin Willams are individualism, Religiosity, and Education. These values fit perfectly with different individuals because everyone has their own belief structure.
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