Mrs. Rosa Parks on the 1st of December in 1955 in Montgomery Alabamba
was arrested for not standing and letting a white bus rider sit in her
seat. It was a rule in the American South that blacks had to sit in the
back of the bus. Also africans were expected to give up their seat if
When she was told to get up from her seat and let the other bus driver
be seated Mrs.
Parks had said no. She didn’t move nor argue. The police
were called and Mrs. Parks was arrested.
She was not the first black African-American arrested for this “crime.”
She was the first arrested who was well known in the Montgomery African-
Once she was secretary for the president of the NAACP
(National Association for the Advancement of Colored People).
In Montgomery Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was the pastor of the Dexter
Anevue Baptist Church. He and other black african community leaders felt a
protest of some kind was needed. A big overflowing crowd came to hear his
words when a meeting was called.
The only way to fight back is to boycott
the company Dr. King told the crowd.
Black African residents of the city refused to use the buses on
December 5, in the morning. Some walked, the few with cars arranged rides
for friends even strangers. Some of them even rode mules. Only a few of
them rode the bus that day.
The African-American community leaders and Dr. King held another meeting
to organize futre action. They named their organization the Montgomery
Improvement Association and elected Dr. King as its president.
As the boycott continued the white community fought blacks with
terrorisim and harassment. The car-pool drivers were arrested for picking
African-Americans waiting on street corners for a ride were
arrested for remaining in an area for no obvious reason.
Dr. Kings home was bombed badly on January 30, 1956. Dr. King his wife
and their baby daughter escaped without being seriously injured. An angry
mob waited for Dr.
King when he arrived home.
“We must learn to meet hate with love”he said.
The boycott continued for over a year but then it eventualy took the
United States Supreme Court to end the boycott. On November 13, 1956 the
court declared that Alabamba’s state and local laws requiring segregation
on buses were illegal. On December 20th federal injunctions were served on
the city and bus company officals forcing them to follow the Supreme
The following morning, December 21, 1956 , Dr.
King and Rev. Glen
Smiley, a white minister, shared the front seat of a public bus. The
boycott had lasted 381 days. The boycott was a success. .