The Revolutionary War Essay started on April 19, 1775 at Lexington and Concord. America was very much unprepared with no central government or army. The congress stepped up as the government and began to organize an army. The Revolutionary War did not end until September 3, 1783 with the signing of the final peace treaty between America and Great Britain. The victory in the Revolution War led to the birth of a new independent nation.
After the Revolution it was a time of cooperation. People in the nation were focusing on building a government, migrating west and their new found freedom. Military actions were more in surrounding areas mainly France, Mexico and Britain. In 1798 was the XYZ affair, an event that led America fighting in the Quasi-War with France.
Then the issue of slavery started to rise. This issue, which was an emotional struggle, brought much conflict in all themes and events such as social / cultural, economic, and politically.
This conflict was separated into two divisions: North and South. The North was antislavery, and more industrial. The South was pro-slavery and did not contain the factories like the North. The South’s main resource was the cotton because of the ideal soil and climate. Emotion and conflict started to build and build up, causing more hatred, restrain, and distance between the North and South. Then finally Uncle Tom’s Cabin, by Harriet Beecher Stowe was released in 1852.
This effected people greatly and was the last hope for cooperation. Other events that effected people and ideas were the Kansas-Nebraska Act, Dred Scott decision and talk about states succeeding.
In 1855 was the start of the Civil War over territory. In 1861 there was a major battle, in the Civil War, with the firing on Fort Sumter. Before the first battle the first states seceded, which were the lower South states. After the first battle of the Civil War the Upper states in the South also seceded.
Abraham Lincoln was able to persuade Maryland, Delaware, Kentucky, and Missouri to stay in the Union. By doing this Lincoln gained access to the river systems in Kentucky and Missouri that led into the heart of the South. This control effected the 1862 invasions of the south, which provided the North with most of its early military successes. The Civil War was total trench warfare. Technology was the main event that influenced total trench warfare. Technology led to ideas such as strategy, weapons, and transportation.
It wasn’t until 1865 the Civil War ended with the surrender of the South’s army. The Civil War was an event that impacted the United States greatly economically, politically and socially. This impact called for great reconstruction after the Civil War.
*Political Constitutional Developments
After the American Revolution ended there was a debate on if all ties should be broken with Britain. Support for American Independence rode strong up into 1776. Thomas Paine wrote a pamphlet, Common Sense.
This pamphlet rebelled against King George III and argues for complete Independence of the American colonies. On July 4, 1776, a Declaration of Independence was adopted stating the colonies freedom from Britain. The time after the Revolution was a period of political reconstruction. A time were State franchises were developed and a democracy was built.
The following was constructed to make the United States successful by people and ideas: starting with the Declaration of Independence in 1776, then in 1789 the First Congress convened in New York, the Judiciary Act was established and the First President, George Washington, was sworn into office. Then the Bill of Rights was ratified in 1791.
In 1854 the Republican Party was established. All of these events influenced by people and ideas, is still a big role in the government today.
Then the conflict of slavery arose in politics. In 1770 was the first American ban on slave holding by the New England Quakers. The Fugitive Slave Law in 1793 denied free blacks the legal protections that the Bill of Rights guaranteed them as citizens. This new law brought conflict such as Gabriel’s Rebellion and Fries Rebellion in Pennsylvania.
Other events that caused conflict to rise was between 1830-1860, slaveholders gained an increasing proportion of the South’s wealth while declining .