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Reconstruction Essay

After the end of the Civil War at Appomattox, our nation’s leaders attempted to
reorganize state and local governments in the fallen Confederacy, reestablish normal
relations between the North and South, and to instill a sense of national loyalty once again.
What transpired was a unforgiving Congress whose Reconstruction Essay policies failed to aid
the South in economic, political, and social progress. Instead, spiteful legislation which
wasdesigned to seek revenge on the Confederacy limited the immediate possibility of a
The Radical Republicans serving in the United States Congress in the period after
the Civil War had little concern for the economic well-being of the South. The policies of
these lawmakers resulted in the reduced size of plantations in the South. Some plantation
owners sold off their surplus land, but most preferred to try a plan of sharecropping, with
tenants who were unable to pay for the land in cash.

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Blacks never got “40 acres and a
mule” talked about by Thaddeus Stevens and other radicals. The plantations owned by
70,000 “chief rebels” were never seized and redistributed. Instead, sharecropping and
tenant farming developed and, as a result, blacks were still tied to the land. In addition,
the Southern economy had not escaped from control by Northern financiers, as evidenced
by the high interest rates. Because of these rates, the small farmers became subject to the
creditors and lacked economic freedom. Finally, many stubborn Southerners refused to
accept tax programs which would provide funds for the social services needed to rebuild
their economy after the war.

As a result, too many white and black farmers still lived in
During Reconstruction, the most glaring political consequence of the Radical
Republican efforts was that a great majority of Southern whites sided with the Democratic
party. Southerners saw the Republican party as the party of the “negro and corrupt white
man,” who hated the South. Eventually, former Confederate states were limited to only
the one-party system. Also, although the U.S. Congress tried to give more political and
voting freedom to blacks in the 15th Amendment, Democratic leaders limited their access
by reducing the number of eligible black voters.

Literacy and educational tests, poll taxes
and other property requirements, and the “grandfather” clause were all devices to reduce
the number of Blacks who met voting qualifications. The last device, the “grandfather”
clause, barred the Blacks and still made it possible for undereducated “poor whites” to
The brief period of political progress for black voters in the South under the
direction of the Radical Republicans, power probably increased tension between whites
and the freed blacks. Interracial conflicts definitely halted the social progress of the newly
freed Black population. Also, the freedman found it difficult to secure and hold a job.
Many actually found that their labor was exploited almost as severely as it had been during
Because of the Radical Republicans in Congress during the post-war decade who
were so determined that Southerners should pay a heavy penalty for secession,
reconstruction was largely unsuccessful. It is quite possible that President Lincoln’s more
lenient reconstruction plan would have brought more economic, political, and social
results for Southern society in the postwar years.

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Reconstruction Essay
Artscolumbia
Artscolumbia
After the end of the Civil War at Appomattox, our nation’s leaders attempted to reorganize state and local governments in the fallen Confederacy, reestablish normal relations between the North and South, and to instill a sense of national loyalty once again. What transpired was a unforgiving Congress whose Reconstruction Essay policies failed to aid the South in economic, political, and social progress. Instead, spiteful legislation which wasdesigned to seek revenge
2019-02-12 07:17:09
Reconstruction Essay
$ 13.900 2018-12-31
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