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Music Listening Part II Essay

The phrase Middle Ages refers to the period of European history spanning
-450-1450
The Renaissance may be described as an age of
-curiosity and individualism
-exploration and adventure
-the “rebirth” or human creativity
-ALL ANSWERS ARE CORRECT
The intellectual movement called humanism
-focused on human life and its accomplishments
The dominant intellectual movement of the Renaissance was called
-humanism
Which of the following statements is not true of humanism?
-the humanisms were basically atheistic in their beliefs
In the Middle Ages, most important musicians were
-priests
A virtual monopoly on learning during the Middle Ages was held by
-monk in monasteries
During the Middle Ages, women
-were not permitted to sing in church
Church officials expected monks to sing with
-proper pronunciation and tone quality
Bernard of Clairvaux ordered his monks to sing
-vigorously with manliness
The church frowned on instruments because of their
-earlier role in pagan rites
The use of organs in church
-distracted the listeners from worship
What we know about instruments in church comes mainly form
-the pictures and literary descriptions of the day
Most medieval music was
-vocal
We know from paintings and literary descriptions of the Middle Ages that
-instruments were used
The view of the later medieval church on music during religious services was that it should be
-used only as a discreet accompaniment
Church authorities in the Middle Ages _______ their religious services
-wanted music only as a discreet accompaniment to
The music the Medieval monks sang was called
-Gregorian chant
Gregorian chant
-is set to sacred Latin texts
-retained some elements of the Jewish synagogue of the first centuries after Christ
-was the official music of the Roman Catholic church for more than 1,000 years
-ALL ANSWERS ARE CORRECT
Gregorian chant
-is monophonic in texture
Gregorian chant consists of
-melody sung without accompaniment
Which of the following is not true of Gregorian chant?
-it is usually polyphonic in texture
Gregorian chant is seldom heard today because
-it is very difficult to sing, and those who know how are dying out
-the Second Vatican Council of 1962-65 decreed the use of the vernacular in church services
-it is too old-fashioned for modern services
-ALL ANSWERS ARE CORRECT
Gregorian chant melodies tend to move
-stepwise within a narrow range of pitches
Gregorian chant is named after Pope Gregory I, who
-was credited by medieval legend with having created it
Pope Gregory the Great
-reorganized the Catholic church liturgy during his reign from 590 to 604
The two types of services at which monks and nuns sang were
-the office and the mass
The highlight of the day for monks and nuns was
-the mass
The earliest surviving chant manuscripts date from about the ______ century
-ninth
The church modes were
-the basic scales of western music during the Middle Ages
The church modes are
-like the major and minor scales in that they consist of seven tones and an eighth tone that duplicates the first an octave higher
Alleluia
-may be translated as “praise ye the Lord”
-is a Latinized form of the Hebrew word hallelujah
-is often used in Gregorian chants
-ALL ANSWERS ARE CORRECT
The form of the chant Alleluia: Vidimus steam is
-ABA
Hildegard of Bingen was
-the first woman composer to leave a large number of works that have survived
-abbess of the convent at Rupertsberg
-a visionary and mystic active in religious and diplomatic affairs
-ALL ANSWERS ARE CORRECT
The earliest extant liturgical morality play, Ordo virtutum (Play of the Virtues), was composed by
-Hildegard of Bingen
The first large body of secular songs that survives in decipherable notion was composed
-during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries
The first large body of secular songs that survives in decipherable notation was composed by
-French nobles called troubadours and trouvères
The French secular songs of the Middle Ages usually dealt with
-the Crusades
-spinning
-love
-ALL ANSWERS ARE CORRECT
Trouvère songs of the Middle Ages dealt with all of the following subjects except
-religion
Which of the following statements is not true of secular music in the Middle Ages?
-the medieval jongleurs, important sources of information in a time when there were no newspapers, were accordingly ranked on a high social level
A famous French woman troubadour was
-Beatriz de Dia
Beatriz de Dia was
-one of a number of women troubadours
The notation of the secular songs of the Middle Ages does not indicate
-rhythm
The medieval jongleurs, important sources of information in a time when there were no newspapers, were
-on the lowest social level
The wandering minstrels, or jongleurs, of the Middle Ages
-performed music and acrobatics in castles, taverns, and town squares
-lived on the lowest level of society
-played instrumental dances on harps, fiddles, and lutes
-ALL ANSWERS ARE CORRECT
As a young student in Paris, Henri de Malines sang
-monophonic songs in various languages
One function of secular music in the late Middle Ages was to provide accompaniment for
-dancing
An estampie is a medieval
-dance
Which of the following statements is not true of the medieval estampie?
-it was intended for religious services
In the recording of the medieval estampie, the melody is played on a rebec, a
-bowed string instrument
The first steps in a revolution that eventually transformed western music began sometime between 700 and 900 with the
-addition of a second melodic line to Gregorian chant
The first steps toward the development of polyphony were taken sometime between 700 and 900, when
-monks in monastery choirs began to add a second melodic line to Gregorian chant
______ is a term applied to medieval music that consists of Gregorian chant and one of more additional melodic lines
-Organum
Medieval music that consists of Gregorian chant and one or more additional melodic lines is called
-Organum
Which of the following statements is not true?
-medieval music theorists favored the use of triads, the basic consonant chords of music
The center of polyphonic music in Europe after 1150 was
-Paris
In medieval times, most polyphonic music was created by
-placing new melodic lines against known chants
Leonin and Perotin are notable because they
-are the first important composers known by name
-indicated definite time values and a clearly defined meter in their music
-were the leaders of the school of Notre Dame
-ALL ANSWERS ARE CORRECT
The earliest known composers to write music with measured rhythm were
-Leonin and Perotin
An outstanding composer of the school of Notre Dame was
-Perotin
Among other causes, secular music became more important than sacred music in the fourteenth century because
-the literature of the time stressed earthly sensuality
-rival popes claimed authority at the same time, thereby wakening the authority of the church
-the feudal system had gone into decline
-ALL ANSWERS ARE CORRECT
One of the major characteristics of are nova music is its use of
-syncopation
Secular music in the fourteenth century
-became more important than sacred music
-was not based on Gregorian chant
-included drinking songs and pieces in which bird calls, dog barks, and hunting shouts were imitated
-ALL ANSWERS ARE CORRECT
The term as nova refers to
-Italian and French music of the fourteenth century
A new system of music notation that allowed composers to specify almost any rhythmical pattern had evolved by the
-early fourteenth century
The ars nova or new art differed from older music in that
-a new system of notation permitted composers to specify almost any rhythmic pattern
An outstanding composer of the ars nova was
-Guillaume de Machaut
Guillaume de Machaut was a ______ as wel musician
-court official
-poet
-priest
-ALL ANSWERS ARE CORRECT
Guillaume de Machaut’s compositions consists mainly of
-love songs with instrumental accompaniment
Which of the following is not a part of the mass ordinary?
-Ave Maria
The Renaissance in music occurred between
-1450 and 1600
Which of the following statements is not true of the Renaissance?
-the Catholic church was even more powerful in the Renaissance than during the Middle Ages
Many prominent Renaissance composers, who held important posts all over Europe, came from what was then
-Flanders
Which of the following statements is not true of Renaissance music?
-instrumental music became more important than vocal music during the Renaissance
The leading music center in sixteenth-century Europe was
-Italy
The texture of Renaissance music is chiefly
-polyphonic
Renaissance music sounds fuller than medieval music because
-composers considered the harmonic effect of chords rather than superimposing one melody
-the bass register is used for the first time
-the typical choral piece has four, five, or six voice parts of nearly equal melodic interest
-ALL ANSWERS ARE CORRECT
A cappella refers to
-unaccompanied choral music
Renaissance melodies are usually easy to sing because
-the melody often moves along a scale with a few large leaps
The two main forms of sacred Renaissance music are the mass and the
-motet
The Renaissance motet is a
-polyphonic choral work set to a sacred Latin text other than the ordinary of the mass
Which of the following is not a part of the Renaissance mass?
-Alleluia
Josquin Desprez spent much of his life in
-Italy
Josquin Desprez was a contemporary of
-Christopher Columbus
Which of the following statements is not true?
-Josquin spent most of his life in the province of Hainut, today a part of Belgium
Palestrina’s career centered in
-Rome
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s
-music includes 104 masses and some 450 other sacred works
The movement in which the Catholic church sought to correct abuses and malpractices within its structure is known as
-the Counter-Reformation
An attempt was made to purify Catholic Church music as a result of the
-deliberations of the Council of Trent
The Council of Trent attacked the church music of the Renaissance because it
-used secular tunes, noisy instruments, and theatrical singing
Palestrina’s Pope Marcellus Mass sounds fuller than Joaquin’s Ave Maria because
-it is set for six voices instead of four
The Renaissance madrigal began around 1520 in
-Italy
During the Renaissance every educated person was expected to
-read musical notation
-play a musical instrument
-be skilled in dance
-ALL ANSWERS ARE CORRECT
Which of the following composers is not an important madrigalist?
-Josquin Desprez
The Renaissance madrigal is a
-piece for several solo voices set to a short poem, usually about love
The development of the English madrigal can be traced to 1588 and considered a result of
-the publication in London of a volume of translated Italian madrigals
The madrigal anthology The Triumphes of Oriana was written in honor of
-Queen Elizabeth I
Thomas Weelkes’s As Vesta Was Descending is notable for its
-word painting
Besides madrigal, the _______ was another type of secular vocal music which enjoyed popularity during the Renaissance
-lute song
The ________ was the most popular instrument in the Renaissance home
-lute
The lute song was widely cultivated in England from
-the late 1590’s to the 1620’s
Lute songs are mostly ________ in texture
-homophonic
A leading English composer of lute songs was
-John Dowland
The expression of _______, as heard in John Dowland’s Flow My Tears, was a prominent feature of English literature and music in the time of William Shakespeare
-melancholy
John Dowland’s Flow My Tears consists of ________ musical sections that are each immediately repeated
-three
In most lute songs, the lute accompaniment
-is subordinate to the voice
Which of the following statements regarding the Renaissance is not true?
-much of the instrumental music composed during the Renaissance was intended for church use
Much of the instrumental music composed during the Renaissance was intended for
-dancing
Terpsichore, a collection of over 300 dance tunes, was arranged for instrumental ensemble by
-Michael Praetorius
The passamezzo is a
-stately dance in duple meter similar to the pavane
A versatile plucked string instrument with a body shaped like half a pear, popular during the Renaissance, was the
-lute

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Music Listening Part II Essay
Artscolumbia
Artscolumbia
The phrase Middle Ages refers to the period of European history spanning
-450-1450
The Renaissance may be described as an age of
-curiosity and individualism -exploratio
2017-10-23 11:55:49
Music Listening Part II Essay
$ 13.900 2018-12-31
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