By definition, a musical sound has:
all of the above:
-a perceivable pitch and a measurable frequency.
-a certain volume.
-a distinct timbre.
A succession of single tones or pitches perceived as a unit is called:
A melody can be characterized by:
all of the above:
-the way it moves
The resting place at the end of a phrase is called a:
The element of music that organizes movement in time is:
The basic unit of rhythm that divides time into equal segments is called the:
Meter is marked off in groupings known as:
Meters in which each beat is subdivided into three rather than two are known as:
Which of the following songs is in sextuple meter?
When a song begins on the last beat of a measure, it is said to begin with a(n):
The deliberate shifting of the accent to a weak beat or an offbeat is called:
Harmony is to music as ________ is to painting.
An interval spanning eight notes is called a(n):
Should a composer write a film score for a horror movie, we might reasonably expect that the harmony
would include a great deal of:
A twelve-tone scale, including all the semitones of the octave, is called:
On the piano, the black key between the white keys C and D is called:
C-sharp or D-flat
Tonality means that we hear a piece of music in relation to a central tone, called the:
Which of the following characterizes the minor scale?
it has a lowered third degree
Music based on the seven tones of a major or minor scale is called:
Which of the following does NOT make frequent use of pentatonic scales?
western art music
An interval smaller than the semitone, or half step, is called a(n):
The tonic chord is represented by the symbol ________.
In harmony, the ________ is considered a place of rest and return.
The process of passing from one key to another is known as:
A texture featuring a single, unaccompanied line is called:
The predominant texture in music up to about one thousand years ago was:
Traditional music of the Far East is largely:
When two or more independent melodic lines are combined, the resulting texture is called:
The texture that combines two or more simultaneous melodic lines is called:
A composition with strict imitation throughout is called a(n):
What quality of a work of art refers to its structure or shape?
The basic structural concepts in the element of form are:
repetition and contrast
Ternary form is represented by the pattern:
The restatement of a musical idea at a higher or lower pitch is called a(n):
Ostinato, or the repetitive use of a short melodic, rhythmic, or harmonic pattern, is common in:
all of the above:
The rate of speed at which a piece of music is played is its:
Music that sounds despairing and sad usually has a ________ tempo.
In what language are tempo markings generally given?
Which marking is appropriate for a slow tempo?
Which of the following tempo markings does NOT indicate a slow tempo?
Which of the following tempo markings is the fastest?
The term accelerando indicates that the tempo is:
The term refrain refers to:
words and music that repeat in a poem
The setting of one note per syllable is called:
The use of a few notes for each syllable is called:
The quality of sound that distinguishes one instrument or voice from another is:
The term timbre refers to the:
color of a tone
The standard ranges of the human voice, from highest to lowest, are:
soprano, alto, tenor, bass
The generally accepted term for the high male vocal range is:
The human voice:
possesses lyric beauty and expressiveness that has been a model for instrument
builders and players.
Instruments that produce sound from a vibrating string are called:
How do performers cause idiophones to produce sound?
by shaking, scraping, or striking the instrument itself
What is double-stopping?
playing on two strings at once
The device placed on the bridge of string instruments to muffle the sound is called a:
A chord whose notes are played in succession, as on the harp, is called a(n):
Which of the following instruments is NOT a member of the bowed string family?
Which of the following is the lowest-sounding member of the double-reed family?
Which of the following is true of all brass instruments?
all of the above:
-They are made of metal.
-They are blown into through a metal mouthpiece.
-Their sound is created by the vibration of the lips
The percussion family comprises a variety of instruments that are made to sound by:
striking or shaking
Which of the following is NOT a percussion instrument?
Which of the following is a pitched percussion instrument?
Which of the following is an unpitched percussion instrument?
The term a cappella refers to choral music performed:
without any accompaniemnt
John Philip Sousa was famous as a composer of:
Which meter would be conducted in a down-right-up pattern?
Titles of musical compositions may be indicated by:
all of the above:
-genre and key
The style of a historical period is defined by:
the total language of all its artists
Which of the following is the proper chronological order of musical style periods?
Middle Ages, Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, Romantic, twentieth century
Which of the following does NOT describe life in the medieval cloister?
being at the center of trade and commerce
A setting of Gregorian chant with one note per syllable is called:
A setting of Gregorian chant with two to four notes per syllable might be considered:
Which of the following women was a religious leader and a prominent figure in literature and music?
Hildegard of Bingen
On which liturgical occasion was Hildegard’s Alleluia, O virga mediatrix sung?
a feast day for the Virgin Mary
Polyphony required the development of:
In what era did composers begin to be recognized?
the Gothic era
The first major center of polyphony was:
Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris
The outstanding composer-poet of the Ars nova was:
Which of the following composed Ma fin est mon commencement?
Which of the following does NOT characterize Ma fin est mon commencement?
It has a monophonic texture
The expressive device that Renaissance composers used to pictorialize words musically is called:
Which of the following was the most important secular genre of the sixteenth century?
Where was the madrigal first developed?
The vivid depiction of a text through music, known as word-painting, is a hallmark of the:
Madrigals with simpler and more accessible texts were especially favored in:
The invention of the printing press allowed:
books to become available to the middle class
Which of the following was a characteristic of medieval art abandoned in the Renaissance?
space organized in a succession of planes
Which genre of vocal music was NOT used in Renaissance church services?
Josquin’s Ave Maria . . . virgo serena is an example of the:
What is the musical basis of Josquin’s Ave Maria . . . virgo serena?
a Gregorian chant in the top voice, then a freely composed melody
What was the primary language of the Mass?
In the churches of Luther and Calvin, the musical emphasis was on:
the inclusion of instruments in the service
After the Protestant Reformation of the early sixteenth century, the Roman Catholic Church responded
Which composer responded to the reforms of the Council of Trent in an exemplary fashion?
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
Which of the following best describes the texture of the Pope Marcellus Mass?
Early instruments used for outdoor performances, such as the shawm and the sackbut, were categorized
Which of the following would be considered an appropriate outdoor instrument?
Which of the following was a lively circle or line dance, often performed outdoors?
Which of the following does NOT characterize the dances that Susato published?
irregular phrase lengths