on Fitnessand Body ImageLinking Media with Fitness Perceptions: A Study on the Affect of Media Essay on Fitnessand Body ImageAbstractThis research examined the media and how it affects fitness and body image.
This was assessed by collecting data from surveys taken by three groups of tenhigh school students, five of each sex. Two of the three groups were exposed todifferent media packages, one depicted images of unnaturally thin individuals,the other depicted athletic figures, while the third group was exposed to noprior data. The results indicate the students attitudes towards social fitnessviews and self-acceptance. It was my hypothesis that a correlation betweenmedia and the fitness concept will be found but the idea of a personal bodyimage will remain fixed as body image is a determined part of one’s psyche.Order now
Asignificant correlation was discovered between those who viewed the thin packageand their attitudes on social fitness. However a low score in the self-acceptance scale in all three groups suggests a low self-concept within allparticipants. This supports my statement that there would be a connectionbetween the fitness concept and the media packages as well as a constant self-concept maintained by all participants. In assessing personal attitudes it is often important to measure not only whatan individual feels towards others but also his/herself. Prior researchindicates this is especially important when measuring attitudes towards physicalissues.
It has been found that opposing views may be held simultaneously byindividuals in regards to themselves and others. Also concern for how aresponse will reflect upon his/herself may negate an individual expressing hisor her true attitudes. This research sought to assess the attitudes of highschool students towards fitness and body image in the presence of differentphysical media icons. By monitoring the individuals response to both a thirdperson scale and a personal scale, true attitudes can be assumed. In this study,the different groups were the independent variable, here in described as Group A,those exposed to the thin images, Group B, those exposed to athletic images, andGroup C, those exposed to no images or the control group, whereas the groupsscore was the dependent variable.
The surveys were distributed to thirtystudents, ten in each group, five of each sex. The dependent variable, in theSocial Fitness Attitudes Scale, reflects the individuals attitude towardsfitness in society and in a dating atmosphere. The higher the individuals scorethe more they are influenced by society, with a score of 46 being the acceptedindication of society influence. In the Self Acceptance Scale, the lower theindividuals score the lower their self concept with scores between 36-110indicating low self acceptance, 111-150 average self acceptance, and 151-indicating high self acceptance. Throughout the use of both a general surveyand a specific survey, true attitudes of students towards fitness and bodyimage in the light of society have been recorded. MethodsParticipantsParticipants of this study were students of F.
J. Brennan High School. For the purposes of this study, 30 participants were randomly chosen, creating 3groups of 10 with 5 members of each sex. Consent was obtained from theindividual before being surveyed. Anonymity of the participants was maintainedby using no identifying information to make the comparisons. MeasuresThe study employed the use of 2 surveys and 1 sheet of non identifyinginformation.
The first survey, Social Fitness Attitudes Scale, was used tostudy the individuals views on fitness in society and in a dating atmosphere. The second survey, Self Acceptance Scale, was used to illustrate theparticipants personal views on confidence in regards to others. These werefollowed by a brief sheet which asked for optional statistical information suchas age and fitness status. ProcedurePrior to the testing Group A was exposed to a package of imagesreinforcing a thin body, Group B was exposed to a package of images whichreinforced an athletic build, whereas Group C was exposed to no such packages atany time during the survey. Once the testing was complete each participant wasdebriefed as to what the data would be used for and what each survey wouldreflect.
With the surveys scored using their assigned keys computer analysiswas used to obtain an Independent Sample t Test. ResultsEach survey was scored with its assigned scoring key, as depicted inPsychology for Living. The scores revealed by both Groups A and B showattitudes toward fitness influenced by society, A- t (18) = -4.330, .