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    Japanese Art of the 1990s: Influences from American Pop Art Essay

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    Yasumasa Morimura

    • Recreated Rembrandt, The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp, 1632
    • Morimura, Portrait (9 Faces) Peter Gertner, Crucificion
    • Yen Mountain, 1991, assemblage Stacks money with his face on them
    • Moneki Neko cat on top

    Poses as many different famous film actresses:

    • Marilyn Monroe
    • Audrey Hepburn
    • Black Marilyn
    • To My Little Sister/For Cindy Sherman
    • Mona Lisa in Its Origins

    He procreates his work to be like others. The prep work he does for the work is a hidden performance art

    Influences from American Pop Art

    • Claes Oldenburg 1960s- storefronts/soft sculptures/playing with scale Soft Toilet
    • Installation 1962
    • UNLV’s Flashlight, 1981
    • Clothespin
    • Andy Warhol 70s/80s- mixed commercial and fine art/appropriation Campbell’s Soup Cans
    • Roy Lichtenstein- 60s-1997- comic book influence
    • Sweet Dreams Baby
    • Keith Haring 80s-90s- Pop Shop
    • Any (Warhol) Mouse #2

    Somewhat started as a graffiti artist:

    • Jeff Koons 1980s- Bad boy of American Pop Art
    • Rabbit, stainless steel
    • Conceptual artist – Michael Jackson and Bubbles

    Conceptual art- the idea rather that actual physical manifestation of the idea/

    90’s Japan

    The emergence of kawaii (cute) in Japanese popular culture (mainly for girls) And otaku (geek) culture for high school and college boysManga “comic books” graphic novels and anime (animated manga) full of violence, innocence and sexuality;Especially important Hayao Miyazaki’s Princess Mononoke, and the apocalyptic Neon Genesis Evangelion, directed by Hideaki Anno, 1995-1996 otaku and anime:

    • Maneki Neko “Beckoning Cat”Maneki_neko
    • Good Luck Charm
    • Calico cat
    • 3 colors- red/black/white
    • Usually female with red collar and bell

    Sanrio, Hello Kitty designed b Yuko Shimizu, 1974 (kawaii)

    • Made in the 70s
    • Works closely with the Maneki Neko
    • Kitty always had a phone “Hello Kitty”

    Pokemon characters, 1996, created by Satoshi Tajiri (kawaii)

    • Transformers
    • Neon Genesis Evangelion
    • Takashi Murakami

    Started painting traditional Japanese painting

    • Tokyo University of the Arts (oldest art school)
    • Most prestigious art school in Japan
    • Can major in Music, Art, Japanese style art (water based pigments on paper or silk, Western painting) Nihonga- he learned all the traditional techniques of mixing powder Has a PhD in traditional art

    Tokyo pop art

    • 727 (DOB), 1996- synthetic polymer paint on canvas board, 3 panels stained the unjessohed canvas formal characteristics are similar to Japanese painting and sense of depth;
    • DOB DOB, 1996- vinly chloride and helium
    • Castle of Tin Tin, 1998- acrylic on canvas board
    • Multiple eyes
    • Curious eyelashes
    • Psychedelic
    • Flatness
    • Still creates a sense of 3D space

    Hiropon, 1997- paint, fiberglass and iron

    • Graphic
    • Hiropon means crystal meth
    • Crystal meth (and drugs in general) is a big problem in Japan His factory is called Hiropon
    • Could reference Andy Warhol?
    • Milk, 1998- acrylic on linen and board (on wall)
    • Graphic
    • Behind

    My Lonesome Cowboy, 1998- oil, acrylic, fiberglass, and irons Supposedly resembles Andy WarholSpring Liquid (on wall)

    Mushroom Painting, 1999- acrylic on canvas on board, 7 panels Could resemble a mushroom cloud

    • Eyes= link to the past
    • Half shut eye
    • Looking at observer
    • Sad
    • DOB in the Strange Forest, 1999- FRP resin, fiberglass and acrylic Louisa McDonald’s favorite piece

    Wonder Festival 2000:

    • Project ko2
    • Second Motion
    • Second Mission
    • Otaku is shown in this festival
    • Ex.


    1996 Tokyo Pop exhibition, Hiratsuka Museum of Art

    • Makoto Aida
    • Draftsman
    • Sense of humor that works on puns and clichés
    • Goes deeper/ expands
    • Azemichi, 1991- water based pigments on paper
    • Part in her hair looks like the road

    Harakiri’s Girls’ School, 1999

    Girls school where they learn how to commit ritualistic suicide. These girls are sexual icons – Sexual and violent elements

    • Harakiri= cut the stomach/ suicide
    • American version is called Harry Carry
    • Ritual that requires assistance
    • Stab short blade in stomach and drag it
    • Assistant will take a Japanese sword and then behead themHonorable?
    • Organized like a page or cover of a manga

    Mariko Mori, 1967

    Performance artist who was does painting and photography.

    • Trained in fashion
    • Worked as a runway model
    • Studied at the Chelsea college of art in London (prestigious) Scientifically oriented
    • Interested in nuclear physics and neutrenos
    • Video- How to be inspired by nature
    • Winter solstice

    Kenji Yanobe

    • Conceptual/ Performance artist
    • “Foot Soldier” Godzilla legs

    Okamoto Taro

    • Tower of the Sun- Expo ’70, Osaka
    • A happy celebration of life and energy
    • Icon and personally meaningful for Kenji Yanobe
    • Survival Racing Car

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