The first man to break the color barrier in Major League Baseball in the 20th century, Jackie robinson Essay is one of the most celebrated baseball players in history. Jim, the moral center of Mark Twains The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn .Who doesnt portray a baseball player, yet both Jackie Robinson and Jim both share the same heroic qualities. Both are courageous, noble, and strong-minded.
Jackie Robinson was born in Cairo, Georgia on January 31, 1919 and grew up in Pasadena, California, where he attended UCLA.
While attending there he won letters in football, baseball, basketball, and track. He was regarded as the most all-around athlete in the U.S. at the time. After serving three years in the army, he began playing baseball with the Kansas City Monarchs of the Negro leagues. After hid successful season in 1946 with the teams Farmclub he became the first African American major league baseball player since the 19th century.Order now
In 1947 he signed with the Brooklyn Dodgers. But before Jackie Robinson there was Moses Fleetwood Walker, he was the 1st African American major league baseball player to play baseball in the late 1800s. On April 15, 1947 Jackie Robinson became the 1st African American to play major league baseball. He broke the color line, which led to many white teams playing against all black teams or interracial teams:
Jackie Robinson caught many Americans attention and his story was widely retold through American culture in many different forms. Such as through movies, radio talk shows, sheet music, comic books, and sports magazines. Even though many of Jackies fans showed their support towards him, many who hated him sent him death threats or even threw things at him.
While under all this pressure Jackie still focused on baseball and showed everyone that he was a great baseball player:
Baseball was just part of my life. Thank God that I didnt allow a sport or a business or any part of my life to dominate me completely I felt that I had my time in the athletics and that was it.
He won a lot of peoples respect and also became a symbol of black opportunity. Even the magazine Sporting News, which was against black baseball players, acknowledged his great skill and ability in the game of baseball and awarded him with the Rookie of the Year award in 1947. Robinsons outstanding ten-year career compiled a .311 lifetime batting average; he played in six World Series, and stole home nineteen times.
He was awarded National league MVP in 1949 and led the league with a .342 batting average and thirty-seven stolen bases:
His incredible speed, powerful hitting, and strong fielding made him a key player on a team with many stars.
Robinsons history making achievements in baseball were only part of his extraordinary life and the legacy behind it. His outspoken leadership on issues of civil and human rights where made visible throughout the years as a corporate executive, civil servant, and major figure in national politics. Robinson was proud of being black and he challenged many racial pretensions throughout his life. As and army lieutenant he resisted on moving to the back of the bus and for that he was court marshaled and was found innocent.
As a baseball player he railed against teams and individuals he believed were racists. His vigilance against racial wrong doings was a legacy he wanted to pass on to his children:
To be willing to stand up for what they believe and to lawfully press for their rights as a full-fledged American who happened to be black.
He was deeply concerned with the struggle for civil rights. Starting in 1957 he began traveling extensively to raise funds for the NAACP. There efforts led him to a close relationship with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
and other prominent civil rights leaders. His concern with politics led him to influence leaders such as Dwight D. Eisenhower, Hubert Humphrey, Richard Nixon, John F. Kennedy, and Nelson Rockefeller. In 1964 he re-signed as vice-president of Chock Full Nuts to work full time on the campaign of Gov. Nelson Rockefeller, who later appointed Jackie as a special assistant of community affairs.
He worked tirelessly .