F. Vaginal Contraception Sponge
4. Advantages and Disadvantages
IV. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
The reproduction system is made up of the male and female organ that are involved in the regenerative process. This involves the forming of reproductive cells, conception, sex determination and developments, gestation, birth and patterns of inheritance.
A. Ovulation is the release of a female egg. I occurs in the middle of every menstrual cycle. The egg enters the fallopian tube on its way to the uterus. If it is not fertilized by male sperm then it is passed in the menstrual flow.
Fertilization is when the sperm make their way up the fallopian tube to the egg. A single sperm makes its way into the egg and then a protective barrier is formed. The other sperm then push the egg down the fallopian tube.
C. Gestation is the full amount of time that a mother is pregnant. This term lasts about 38 weeks.
Gestation is the full the full amount of time that the baby is growing inside the mother.
D. Birth. Their are several different ways to birth a baby. Three of them are cesarean section, lamaze, and breach. A cesarian section is when the doctor makes an incision in the lower abdomen, then makes an incision in the uterus and removes the baby.
Lamaze is when the mother uses special types of breathing techniques to get through birth. Drugs are usually not used. Breach birth is when the baby is born feet first, or buttox may come first. Usually the doctor will go to a c-section if they see that the baby is positioned this way.
A. Abstinence, abstinence is just when a person decides not to have sex.
1. What is it? It is a pill that a female has to take every day if she chooses this method.
2. What it does? It tells the body that the woman is pregnant when she is not, therefor no egg is released.
3. Effectiveness? The pill is 99% effective.
4. Advantages and Disadvantages? Some advantages are continuous noncontraceptive protection, it is reversible, and it has some noncontraceptive health benefits. Some disadvantages are, the pill must be taken every day, it increases the risk of blood clots and heart attack, it could also cause spotting between periods.
5. Who can use it? Any female who is sexually active and has no difficulties with it.
How is it used? It is a pill that is taken orally every day.
1. What is it? A small contraceptive device that fits inside the uterus.
2.What it does? It prevents pregnancy by keeping a fertilized egg from attaching to the uterus.
Effectiveness? It is 99% effective.
4. Advantages and Disadvantages? Some advantages are continuous contraceptive protection for up to 10 years, and there is no need to worry about forgetting daily. Some disadvantages are, it may be expelled or perforate uterus, it may increase PID risk for some women.
5. Who can use it? Anyone who’s doctor says it is okay.
6. How is it used? A doctor inserts the device and leaves it in, the person can have it in as long as 10 years.
1. What is it? A condom is a piece of rubber that fits over the penis.
2. What it does? The condom acts like a bag.
It holds the sperm in the tip.
3. Effectiveness? A condom alone is 88-98% effective.
4. Advantages and Disadvantages? Some advantages are that they are easy to obtain, they are the best method to prevent the spread of STD’s, there are good results when used with spermicide. Some disadvantages are that it could reduce sensation and it could break.
5. Who can use it? Anyone unless they are allergic to laytex.
6. How is it used? The condom is put on the penis leaving a little space at the tip for sperm, then the sides are unrolled.
1. What is it? A contraceptive device that covers the opening of the cervix.
2. What it does? It blocks the entry so sperm can’t get in.
3. Effectiveness? It is 82-94% effective.
4. Advantages and Disadvantages? One advantages is that it is inserted up to 6 hours before intercourse.
Some disadvantages are that it could be very uncomfortable to insert and there is an increased risk of urinary tract and bladder infections.
5. Who .