Hitler’s Nazi party came to power almost entirely because of accidents. In1929 the American Stock Market crashed, a powerful symbol of the growingdepression. Germany was particularly badly affected, since Germany’seconomy was partly dependent on Americas prosperity and a large number ofloans made by America to Germany were called back and the German economycrashed. Since the German government suffered badly in the depression theexisting Weimar government, put in place by the victorious allies, wasblamed.
Without the depression the government was not particularly likedsince it was indecisive and it had not central power. Hitler used histwenty-five points from the beginning of the Nazi party. These were a setof promises appealing to everybody, they included elements of socialism andtold people what they wanted to hear. They promised to stop reparations tothe victors of the First World War, end unemployment, give a strongleadership and they attacked immigrants and particularly Jews.Order now
Thetwenty-five points were attractive to those most vulnerable to thedepression, especially ex-soldiers, the unemployed and the middle classes. In the time of crisis the German people had swung to an extreme group,and the Nazis were an easy way out, more appealing than the Communists tothe industrialists, and they were also attractive since they apparentlypromoted the old and respected German militaristic values. In the hardtimes they were effective since the democratic parties could not solve anyof the problems facing Germany. In the 1930 elections the Nazis greatlyincreased the number of seats that they held in parliament, by 1932 theyhad nearly 200 seats, although they did not have a majority they were thelargest single party.Category: History