Swimming was inventedbefore recorded history. Humans discovered how to swimby accident. A person probably fell into the water andstruggled to shore using a dog-paddle stroke. There was anEgyptian hieroglyph for swimming dating from 2500 BC.
The ancient Greeks and Romans made swimming animportant part of their military training programs. Therehave been known swimming contests that were organizedin Japan as early as the 1st century BC. During the MiddleAges in Europe, swimming declined in popularity. Peoplefelt that the water was contaminated and a source ofdisease.
Not everyone feared the water, however, LouisXI reportedly swam daily in the Seine. During the early19th century, swimming enjoyed a revival, especially inEngland, Lord Byron swam the Dardanelles river, to provethat the mythological hero Leander could have done it. Organized competitive swimming began in England in the1840s. In 1844 the British were surprised when twoAmerican Indians demonstrated the efficiency of a methodof swimming similar to the modern crawl.Order now
The British stillswam with the head above the water, a holdover from thedays when people believed that the water wascontaminated. An overhand stroke was introduced intoEngland in 1873 by J. Arthur Trudgen, who had seenSouth American Indians using this method to swim reallyfast. When the flutter kick was introduced, the modern"Australian crawl was born, and this stroke has sincebecome the most common and most important swimmingstroke. FITNESS COMPONENTS To swim well u needto know how to coordinate your arms and legs to get youthrough the water.
At first you will probably need to havelessons. Also to swim u need agility and just gravity. Swimming also requires balance and quickness in somecases. Not much is needed to know if you want to swim.
Swimming improves heart and lung efficiency, enhancesmuscle strength and endurance, improves flexibility, andreduces stress. Its easy on the joints, and uses moremuscles than most other forms of exercise. Althoughswimming burns a great deal of calories, recreationalswimmers tend to lose less weight than would be expectedfrom other types of aerobic activity. Scientists say that coldwater removes heat from the body, stimulating appetite tokeep the body warm. Exposure to cold water mayencourage the body to maintain fat stores for insulation. Tolose weight by swimming, its necessary to cut down on thecalories you eat, and to swim fast enough and long enough.
Swimming can burn more than 660 calories an hour whenperformed correctly and causes less injuries to joints andmuscles than aerobics or jogging. It takes only three hoursa week of strenuous swimming to improve flexibility,increase strength and build cardiovascular endurance. Swimming provides a good aerobic workout if 25% of thetotal laps are performed at maximum intensity. However,only 5% of those who swim do so at an aerobic pace.
Although few doubt the aerobic benefits of swimming,studies comparing swimming with jogging, results found thatswimmers lost less body fat than joggers. Apparentlyswimming causes an adjustment in how energy is burned,resulting in the burning of more carbohydrates than bodyfat. One reason might be that swimmers retain more bodyfat to insulate and maintain body heat. However, swimmingworks both the upper and lower body which jogging doesnot.
WHAT IS THE SINGLE MOST IMPORTANTCOMPONENT TO MASTER IN YOUR SPORT?EXPLAIN HOW THIS IS ACCOMPLISHED. Morethan half of all Americans can’t swim. Drownings claimed5,200 American lives in 1990 and is the fourth leadingcause of accidental deaths for children under 5. Many feelfigures are actually higher, since deaths occurring afterresuscitation or hospitalization usually aren’t attributed tothe original drowning. Many lives could be saved if peoplewould just learn to swim. Correct swimming doesn’t comenaturally to the body and can’t be learned overnight.
Thoseswimmers who are exhausted after half a lap need moreinstruction. The most common swimming problem isincorrect breathing which causes individuals to expendmore energy than necessary. Coordinating breathing withproper head rotation is the key to proficient swimming. Proper instruction is the only way you can learn this, it isthe key component to swim well. WHAT IS UNIQUEABOUT YOUR SPORT? The most unique thing aboutswimming is the actual racing in the water, you dive offblocks and swim as fast as u can in as many different stylesand lengths. BIBLIOGRAPHY Swimming.
GrolierMultimedia Encyclopedia. CD-ROM. 1996 ed Totalimmersion swimming Arcticles by Terry Luaghlin LISTONE POSITIVE PROFESSIONAL ROLE MODEL INYOUR SPORT. Mark Spitz, is a well known swimmerwho won a record seven gold medals at the 1972 OlympicGames.