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    What are Sumptuary Laws?
    ant-luxury laws; limited how extravagant your wealth could be displayed- a sacrifice many Puritans happily made…put pple on an equal level
    What is a guardaroba?
    Set of clothing made up of three garments: two layers of indoor clothing and a mantle for outdoors
    At the beginning of the Renaissance, textiles from _______ were quite popular.What two textiles were used most often?
    Wool and silk
    What evidence was there that indicates that there was an improvement of silk-weaving looms in the 15th century?
    The complexity of decorations of Italian silk fabrics
    As a reflection of the close trading contacts
    Decorative motifs from Chinese, Indian or Persian in origin were on many fabrics.
    One of the most important styles that have originated in Turkish-dominated lands was
    the turban-like hat style that was often seen in portraits
    What are some of the ways dress from this time period is documented?
    letters, diaries, paintings, sculptures, inventories of personal possessions.
    In the 1400-1450’s men wore
    Doublets worn with hose at the knew and hikes over doublets
    What are houppelandes?
    garment fitted over a mans shoulders and widened below into sep tubular folds or pleats which were held in place by a belt.
    What is a camicia?
    undershirts usually made of linen. The quality of the fabric varied based on the status of the wearer.
    What were dresses like in the 1450-1500 for women?
    Straight from should to hem with a smooth fitting, yoke like construction oner the shoulder which opened into full pleats of gathers offer the bustline and were generally belted
    Mid-century of the Italian Renaissance necklines were
    rounded and high
    Later in the century of the Italian Renaissance necklines were
    lower, some were squared while others had deep V’s held together by lacing
    What did Italian women were during the Italian Renaissance in their hair?
    Italian women wore their hair elaborately with a “token” head cover in the form of a small jeweled net set at the back of the head or a sheer small veil. Hair usually braided and looped with curls for decoration.
    What is black work?
    a black-on-white Spanish embroidery
    What is a doublet?
    Waist to knee length jacket that is fitted to the torso and the waist
    What is a huke?
    similar to a vest usually worn over the doublet
    In the Italian Renaissance how were sleeves cut?
    Puffed upper arm and fitted lower arm
    Hose for men of this the Italian Renaissance were
    joined at the crotch and parti-colored or decorated.
    What is a cod-piece?
    specific part of garment to cover genitals
    What hats were worn during the Italian Renaissance?
    Pillbox or Turan
    What influence changes mens clothing in the 16th century?
    What are slashings?
    Decorative effect in garments made from different colored fabrics
    What were the 3 layers women wore during the Italian Ren.?
    What is the underdress?
    Made with bodices and skirts joined that fitted closer to the body
    What is an overdress?
    cut like a mans huke and seemed at the shoulders.
    Usually open under the arm to show the underdress
    What were the sleeves like for women of the Italian Renaissance?
    Tighter at the wrist puffier at the shoulder and usually split at the elbow for movement. Could usually see the camicia.
    What is a ferroniere?
    Chain of metal or pearls with a jewel on the forehead
    What changes occur in women’s dress during the 16th century?
    Bodices tighter and more fitted and skirts wider. Spanish influence
    What are Chopines?
    very high platform soled shoes
    What were some of the regional differences in Venice?
    Liked bleach blonde hair with two horns and their chorines were very high
    What is a doge?
    long robe with wide sleeves worn by Venitian Officials.
    What was a large influence in the northern Renaissance?
    Cross-cultuarl influence
    During the 16th century what was one of the main factors for cross culturalization of fashions?
    Intermarriages of the royal families
    What other sources were available that influenced fashion?
    imported garments and fabrics, books, travelers reports, portraits
    Who introduced Italian fragrances?
    Catherine de Medici
    What was beginning to be used for stockings?
    hand knitting
    What is Spanish work?
    especially fashionable embroidery originated in spain the consisted of black silk figures on fine white linen.
    What is cutwork?
    embroidered designs created and then the rest of the fabric in between the embroidery is cut away
    What is filet?
    Also known as lacks. Embroidered patterns on a net background thought to be the forerunners of lace.
    What is lace?
    constructed entirely from threads dispensing with any backing fabric
    What is needle-point lace?
    made by embroidering over base thread arranged in a pattern and connecting these base threads with a series of small intricate stitches.
    What is bobbin lace?
    Also known as pillow lace. A creation of complex patterns by twisting or knotting together a series of threads held by bobbins.
    What is a ruff?
    Made of linen or lace, stiffly starched collar that was difficult to keep up with and grew throughout the century.
    What is a paltock?
    A version of a doublet but with a deep v at the front which sometimes had a filler of contrasting color inserted under the V. (stomacher)
    What were bases?
    separate short skirts worn with a jacket or doublet for civil dress or over armor for military dress.
    What was phase one for men?
    similar to late middle ages
    What was phase two for men?
    Strong german influences with wide, full, puffs and slashes
    What was phase three for me?
    Spanish influences predominated, narrower shoulders with wider hip.
    what were gowns like for men in the 16th century?
    bulky shoulders with elbow length puffs
    What is a trunk sleeve?
    Wider on the top and narrower at the bottom with sleeve
    what is a peas cod belly?
    increased padding in front of doublet with the point at the front of the doublet is very pronounced. (Peacock belly)
    What are pecadils?
    Stiffened tabbed edges at armhole and wasitband
    What are breeches?
    Seperate garments worn together with separate stockings. Venitian were wide at the top tapering at the knee and open were wide and full throughout.
    What are trunk hose?
    puffy upper section of breeches stuffed with bombast
    What are gallygaskin or Slops?
    sloped narrow at waist to fuller by mid thigh.
    What are cullots?
    Not much more than pad around hips worn with very tight-fitting hose
    What are pumpkin hose?
    Extremely puffy and short breeches
    What are roundhouse panes?
    Cut outs that were on the trunk hose that at its most extreme help weapons and other necessitates.
    what are canions?
    Worn with round hose. were close fitted
    What is phase one of women’s clothing?
    Move towards the renaissance
    What is phase two of women’s clothing?
    Spanish influence change to petticoats and overdress
    What is phase three of women’s clothing?
    growth of skirt supported by hoop
    In the early 16th century what was the dresses silhouette?
    hourglass, small waistline with skirt split to show petticoat.
    What are part lets?
    modesty panels for open neck bodices
    What were common sleeves for women of the 16th century?
    smooth with a decorative cuff, wide funnel shaped or hanging sleeves
    what is a busk?
    flat long piece of wood or whalebone sewn into a dress
    verdugado was…
    the first hoop skirt also known as a farthingale
    what is a farthingale?
    a stiff framed skirt that was cone shaped
    What was a ropa?
    An A-lined dress from spanish origin that was an outer gown or surcoat
    What was the major changes of womens dress in the late 16th century?
    wider hips with skirts that grew to extreme widths. Collars were also bigger
    what is a bum roll?
    a padded device that was placed just below the waist
    What is a conch?
    standing collar, linen cloth wired behind the head
    What is the wheel farthingale?
    higher in the back looks like a circular peplum
    What was a gable hood?
    hood with peak in the front (heart shaped)
    What was common make up for the 16th century?
    white arsenic make up
    What was baroque style?
    emphasized lavish ornamentation, free and flowing lines and flat
    what is the guardifante?
    Spanish farthingale
    What is the matilla?
    veil worn to cover the hair
    what is a basque?
    extension of bodice that came down over the skirt
    What is the mannerist style?
    realistic representations of religious themesm appealed to the emotions
    What are common textiles during the 17th century?
    Silk, velvet, satin, linen, tafetta
    what is the draw loom?
    makes elaborate designs on silk?
    Define calicos
    colorful indian printed cotton
    What is chintz?
    hand painted or printed and sometimes glazed
    benghali mulin
    demand for cotton led to smuggling (highly priced)
    What happened to the ruff in the 17th century?
    turned into a flat lace-trimmed collar called a falling band or whisk
    In the 17th century what changes occurred to the doublet?
    fitting and shorter, less peacock look, straight cut peplum
    what are rosettes?
    decoration on shoes during the 17th century
    What are slap soles?
    flat sole shoe attached only at the front
    What is the galosh?
    flat-soled overshoe with toe cap for keeping it in place
    How were capes worn in the 17th century?
    Shorter, usually only on one shoulder
    What is a love lock?
    One hair piece grown longer than the rest
    What is a cravat?
    A flat collar
    What did breeches look like in the 17th century?
    almost looked like skirts sometimes called petticoat breeches
    what are cannons?
    ruffles at the bottom of clothing
    Who was influential in the vest?
    King Charles II
    What was a vest?
    knee length and covered breeches
    What is the three piece suit?
    coat, vest, breeches
    What changes came for women in the 17th century?
    softer silhouette with puffy shoulders and lace collar, farthingale goes out of style and bodices lengthen into a v.
    what are virago sleeves?
    full pained sleeves that showed the chamise as well
    What were the necklines for women in the 17th century?
    What is a stomacher?
    worn over the corset for decorations
    What changed for skirts with women in the 17th century?
    Skirts were looped around and draped at the hip
    what is the mantua?
    derived from middle eastern robes imported into europe. Full in back and front garment was over a forest and underskirt.
    What was the fontange?
    An elaborate headdress influenced by the mistress of Louis XIV
    what were pantofles
    heel-less slippers
    What were plumpers?
    balls of wax that gave the face a rounder shape
    what is a layette?
    swaddling bands.
    what is the flying shuttle?
    increased weaving speeds and stimulated the use of cotton lowering cotton prices
    Who were the Macaroni’s?
    British dandies that wore bright colors silks and lace trimmings
    Wht was the 3 pice suit in 17th century?
    waist coat, outer coat breeches
    What did the coats of the 17th century look like
    extremely decorated, sometimes fur lining with side seams
    what was the ditto suit
    used all the same fabrics for everything
    the frock coat
    more casual and functional
    what were the stockings of the 17th century?
    white, with artificial calves
    what was the stein kirk?
    cravat in which the tie pulled through the button hole loosely
    nightgown, loosly fit and comfortable
    what were women’s gowns like during the first part of the 17th century
    wide fitted and large bottoms
    what are panniers?
    a frame for womens dresses
    a la anglis?
    gowns fitted in the back
    a la francis
    fitted in the front
    decorative flounces at the sleeve cuffs. ruffles
    decorative at the stomacher
    fashionable two piece dress. less formal
    robe a la polaniase
    ruffles and puff in the back of the dress
    chemise a la reine
    made of muslin and less formal gathered at the waist

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