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History Midterm – The Renaissance

Leonardo da Vinci
well-rounded person, painter, sculptor, architect, inventor, and mathematician; mastered art of realistic painting; created idealized forms that captured perfection of nature and the individual
humanism
idea that human beings were the most important; everything was focused on the individual; main idea was to create a well-rounded human being
Northern Humanists
humanism in northern Europe and England sprang largely from Italian sources, it did not emerge exclusively as an outgrowth of later Italian humanism. Non-Italian scholars and poets found inspiration in the full sweep of the Italian tradition
Erasmus
the best known Christian humanist who called his view “philosophy of Christ”- Christianity should show people how to live good lives; The Praise of Folly: criticizes aspects of his society in need of change
Francesco Petrarch
the father of Italian Renaissance humanism; looked for forgotten Latin manuscripts and similar manuscripts in monastic libraries throughout Europe; began the humanist emphasis on using pure classical Latin
Albrecht Durer
absorbed Italian laws of perspective; tried to achieve standard of ideal beauty that was based on a careful examination of humans
Christian Humanism
a movement that developed in northern Europe during the Renaissance combining classical learning (humanism) with the goal of reforming the Catholic Church; believed in ability of human beings to reason and improve themselves
Michelangelo
painted ceiling of Sistine Chapel; painted human being with perfect proportions; beauty of idealized human reflects divine beauty
Raphael
achieved ideal of beauty surpassing human standards; his school revealed world of balance, harmony, and order
Masaccio
Early Renaissance painter; creator of frescoes whose figures had depth and came alive; could create the illusion of three dimensions, leading to a new realistic style
Machiavelli
Wrote The Prince- showed how to attain and keep power
Renaissance
a period of rebirth and emergence of art and culture. Its main idea was humanism and having a more secular view point.
forms art took during the renaissance
architecture, painting and sculpting
Italian Renaissance
secular humanism, classical mythology, linear perspective, frescos and tempera (Michelangelo and Raphael)
Northern Renaissance
christian humanism, religious scenes and everyday people, precise details, oil paints (Jan Van Eyck and Albrecht Durer)

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History Midterm - The Renaissance
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Artscolumbia
Leonardo da Vinci well-rounded person, painter, sculptor, architect, inventor, and mathematician; mastered art of realistic painting; created idealized forms that captured perfection of nature and the individual
2017-09-06 05:33:36
History Midterm - The Renaissance
$ 13.900 2018-12-31
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