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    History Midterm – The Renaissance

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    Leonardo da Vinci
    well-rounded person, painter, sculptor, architect, inventor, and mathematician; mastered art of realistic painting; created idealized forms that captured perfection of nature and the individual
    idea that human beings were the most important; everything was focused on the individual; main idea was to create a well-rounded human being
    Northern Humanists
    humanism in northern Europe and England sprang largely from Italian sources, it did not emerge exclusively as an outgrowth of later Italian humanism. Non-Italian scholars and poets found inspiration in the full sweep of the Italian tradition
    the best known Christian humanist who called his view “philosophy of Christ”- Christianity should show people how to live good lives; The Praise of Folly: criticizes aspects of his society in need of change
    Francesco Petrarch
    the father of Italian Renaissance humanism; looked for forgotten Latin manuscripts and similar manuscripts in monastic libraries throughout Europe; began the humanist emphasis on using pure classical Latin
    Albrecht Durer
    absorbed Italian laws of perspective; tried to achieve standard of ideal beauty that was based on a careful examination of humans
    Christian Humanism
    a movement that developed in northern Europe during the Renaissance combining classical learning (humanism) with the goal of reforming the Catholic Church; believed in ability of human beings to reason and improve themselves
    painted ceiling of Sistine Chapel; painted human being with perfect proportions; beauty of idealized human reflects divine beauty
    achieved ideal of beauty surpassing human standards; his school revealed world of balance, harmony, and order
    Early Renaissance painter; creator of frescoes whose figures had depth and came alive; could create the illusion of three dimensions, leading to a new realistic style
    Wrote The Prince- showed how to attain and keep power
    a period of rebirth and emergence of art and culture. Its main idea was humanism and having a more secular view point.
    forms art took during the renaissance
    architecture, painting and sculpting
    Italian Renaissance
    secular humanism, classical mythology, linear perspective, frescos and tempera (Michelangelo and Raphael)
    Northern Renaissance
    christian humanism, religious scenes and everyday people, precise details, oil paints (Jan Van Eyck and Albrecht Durer)

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